a deductive system of formal logic that presents two premises that inevitably lead to a sound conclusion. A=B, B=C, so A=C. "All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore, Socrates is mortal."
an appeal based on logic or reason
In this type of irony, the words literally state the opposite of the writer's true meaning
A story or brief episode told by the writer or a character to illustrate a point.
the literal or dictionary meaning of a word
In this type of irony, facts or events are unknown to a character in a play or a piece of fiction but known to the reader, audience, or other characters in the work
A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule.
the feelings or emotions surrounding/associated with a word, beyond its literal meaning. Generally positive or negative in nature.
The duplication, either exact or approximate, or any element of language, such as sound, word, phrase, clause, sentence, or grammatical pattern.
The grammatical structure of prose and poetry.
Two definitions/uses. One refers to the total "sound" of the writer's style.The second refers to the relationship between a sentence's subject and verb (active and passive).
Writing that attempts to prove the validity of a point of view or an idea by presenting reasoned arguments; persuasive writing is a form of argumentation
A reference to another work outside of the present work.
The major category into which a literary work fits. The basic divisions of literature are prose, poetry, and drama.
A narrative technique that places the reader in the mind and thought process of the narrator, no matter how random and spontaneous that may be.
A work that functions on a symbolic level (a type of extended symbolism)
similarity in structure and syntax in a series of related words, phrases, clauses, sentences, or paragraphs that develops balance. Ex. "When you are right, you cannot be too radical; when you are wrong, you cannot be too conservative"- MLK
Drawing a comparison to show a similarity in some respect. It is assumed that what applies to a parallel situation also applies to the original circumstance.
A rhetorical mode based in the five senses. It aims to re-create, invent, or present something so that the reader can experience it.
the techniques and rules for using language effectively, eloquently, and persuasively.
Third Person Limited
Point of view in which narrator exists outside of all characters, but is privy to the feelings and thoughts of one character, presenting only the actions of all remaining characters
Third Person Omniscient
Point of view in which an all-knowing narrator who is privy to the thoughts and actions of any or all characters.
one who carries out the action of the plot in literature. Major, minor, static, and dynamic are the types.
Slang in writing, used often to create local color and to provide an informal tone. Twain's Huck Finn
the word, phrase, or clause that a pronoun refers to.
The sentence or group of sentences that directly expresses the author's opinion, purpose, meaning, or proposition.
Attitudes and presuppositions of the author that are revealed by their linguistic choices (diction, syntax, rhetorical devices)
The literary genre that is written in ordinary language and most closely resembles everyday speech. Opposite of verse.
Commas used (with no conjunction) to separate a series of words, speeds up flow of sentence. X, Y, Z as opposed to X, Y, and Z.