A figure of speech that uses "like" or "as" to compare two things.
A statement containing a subject and predicate; an independent clause.
A book, article, person, or other resource consulted for information.
A term used for the author, speaker, or the person whose perspective (real or imagined) is being advanced in a speech or piece of writing.
A logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, than attacking an opponent's position.
The distinctive quality of speech or writing created by the selection and arrangement of words and figures of speech.
In rhetoric, the topic addressed in a piece of writing.
Created by a subordinating conjunction, a clause that modifies an independent clause.
The dependence of one syntactical element on another in a sentence.
A form of deductive reasoning in which the conclusion is supported by a major and minor premise (see premise; major, and minor).
Combining or bringing together two or more elements to produce something more complex.
The central idea in a work to which all parts of the work refer.
A statement of the central idea in a work, may be explicit or implicit.
The speaker's attitude toward the subject or audience.
A sentence, most often appearing at the beginning of a paragraph, that announces the paragraph's idea and often unites it with the work's thesis.
Artful diction; the use of language in a nonliteral way; also called a figure of speech.
Lack of emphasis in a statement of point; restraint in language often used for ironic effect.
In grammar, a term for the relationship between a verb and a noun (active or passive voice). In rhetoric, a distinctive quality in the style and tone of writing.
A construction in which one word (usually a verb) modifies or governs - often in different, sometimes incongruent ways - two or more words in a sentence.
The repetition of similar grammatical or syntactical patterns.
A piece that imitates and exaggerates the prominent features of another; used for comic effect or ridicule.
A Greek term that refers to suffering but has come to be associated with broader appeals to emotion; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals (see ethos and logos).
A sentence that builds toward and ends with the main clause.
The speaker, voice, or character assumed by the author of a piece of writing.
Assigning lifelike characteristics to inanimate objects.
An argument against an idea, usually regarding philosophy, politics, or religion.
The deliberate use of a series of conjunctions.
premise; major, minor
Two parts of a syllogism. The concluding sentence of a syllogism takes its predicate from the major premise and its subject from the minor premise.
Major premise: All mammals are warm-blooded.
Minor premise: All horses are mammals.
Conclusion: All horses are warm-blooded (see syllogism).
A word used to replace a noun or a noun phrase.
A negative term for writing designed to sway opinion rather than present information.
One's intention or objective in a speech or piece of writing.
To discredit an argument, particularly a counterargument.
The study of effective, persuasive language use; according to Aristotle, use of the "available means of persuasion."
Patterns of organization developed to achieve a specific purpose; modes include but are not limited to narration, description, comparison and contract, cause and effect, definition, exemplification, classification and division, process analysis, and argumentation.
A question asked more to produce an effect than to summon an answer.
A diagram that represents a rhetorical situation as the relationship among the speaker, the subject, and the audience (see Aristotelian triangle).
An ironic, sarcastic, or witty composition that claims to argue for something, but actually argues against it.
A pattern of words or sentence construction used for rhetorical effect.
The arrangement of independent and dependent clauses into known sentence constructions - such as simple, compound, complex, or compound/complex.
figure of speech
An expression that strives for literary effect rather than conveying a literal meaning.
A word, phrase, or clause that does not form a full sentence.
Urging, or strongly encouraging.
Exaggeration for the purpose of emphasis.
Vivid use of language that evokes a reader's senses (sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing).
A sentence that requests or commands.
Reasoning from specific to general.
A sentence in which the verb precedes the subject.
A contradiction between what is said and what is meant; incongruity between action and result.
Placement of two things side by side for emphasis.
A Greek term that means "word"; an appeal to logic; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals (see ethos and pathos).
A figure of speech or trope through which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else, thus making an implicit comparison.
Use of an aspect of something to represent the whole.
A word, phrase, or clause that qualifies or describes another word, phrase, or clause.
- Retelling an event or series of events.
Turning a verb or adjective into a noun.
An aspect of context; the cause or reason for writing.
An all-knowing, usually third-person narrator.
A figure of speech that combines two contradictory terms.
The relative speed or slowness with which a story is told or an idea is presented.
Statement that seems contradictory but is actually true.
A careful reading that is attentive to organization, figurative language, sentence structure, vocabulary, and other literary and structural elements of a text.
An informal or conversational use of language.
Shared beliefs, values, or positions.
A sentence that includes one independent clause and at least one dependent clause.
A reluctant acknowledgement or yielding.
That which is implied by a word, as opposed to the word's literal meaning (see denotation).
Words, events, or circumstances that help determine meaning.
Grammatical equivalence between parts of a sentence, often through a coordinating conjunction such as and, or but.
A challenge to a position; an opposing argument.
Worthy of belief; trustworthy.
An independent clause followed by subordinate clauses or phrases that supply additional detail.
A sentence that makes a statement.
Reasoning from general to specific.
The literal meaning of a word; its dictionary definition.
Bibliographic information about the sources used in a piece of writing.
Mournful over what has passed or been lost; often used to describe tone.
A brief, witty statement.
A Greek term referring to the character of a person; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals (see logos and pathos).
explication of text
Explanation of a text's meaning through an analysis of all of its constituent parts, including the literary devices used; also called close reading.
Information that is true or demonstrable.
The use of tropes or figures of speech; going beyond literal meaning to achieve literary effect.
The repetition of the same sound or letter at the beginning of consecutive words or syllables.
An indirect reference, often to another text or an historic event.
An extended comparison between two seemingly dissimilar things.
The repetition of words at the beginning of successive clauses.
A short account of an interesting event.
Explanatory or critical notes added to a text.
The repetition of words in an inverted order to sharpen a contrast.
Parallel structure that juxtaposes contrasting ideas.
A short, astute statement of a general truth.
A word or phrase that renames a nearby noun or pronoun.
The use or words common to an earlier time period; antiquated language.
A statement put forth and supported by evidence.
A diagram that represents a rhetorical situation as the relationship among the speaker, the subject and the audience (see rhetorical triangle).
An emphatic statement; declaration. An assertion supported by evidence becomes an argument.
A belief or statement taken for granted without proof.
Leaving out conjunctions between words, phrases, clauses.
The speaker's position on a subject as revealed through his/her tone.
A reliable, respected source - someone with knowledge.
Prejudice or predisposition toward one side of a subject or issue.
Identifying a part of a piece of writing as being derived from a source.
An assertion, usually supported by evidence.
a building, esp. one of important size
doorway or entrance
a weakness, moral or physical
whipped, flogged; chastened severely
wandering beggar; tramp
a person's manner toward others
a wooden framework with holes for hands and head, used as punishment
to contend or compete with
a place of religious seclusion
the face or facial expression of a person
serious or dire; grave
a bad reputation; notoriety
distinguished, as in reputation
not mixed or diluted; pure
causing shock or horror
dark; gloomy; melancholy
a direct ancestor
to shame, humiliate
repentance for one's sins
spreading harm in a stealthy way
worthy of respect by virtue of position, dignity, or age
common; ill-bred; offensive
something that soothes or comforts
to follow immediately
to denounce with abusive language
obstinately persisting in an error or fault
power to produce desired effect
in a pure, uncorrupted state
cannot be penetrated or affected
urgent requirement; pressing need
pertaining to time; worldly as opposed to spiritual
break apart; divide
to clear of blame; to justify
enthusiastic and diligent devotion
consisting of unlike parts
conduct, esp. correct conduct
to urge; compel
entering rudely or inappropriately
to defame; to belittle maliciously
hinted; implied subtly
planned or plotted in advance
to show plainly; reveal
in existence; not destroyed
kinship; spiritual relationship or attraction
learned; having wide knowledge
an object or picture that becomes a symbol
proper; conforming to social conventions
sin; a grossly immoral act
to compel; to restrain
aversion; (originally opposition in feeling)
difficult to comprehend
to criticize sharply; reprimand
to corrupt; to profane; to make dirty
an act to work out one's sins
a watch kept during normal sleeping hours
point of the heavens vertically above
ill will; malice
devilish; wicked; fiendish
the essential or central part of anything
to fake; to simulate
cannot be disentangled
to make atonement for
to re-echo; resound
plentifully supplied; abounding
cloak or something like a cloak
fickle; changeable; subject to whim
of the highest quality
an object believed to bestow magical powers on its bearer
freed (a spirit) from a body
separated from place or affections
completely lacking; empty
to make unnecessary
diligent; steadily industrious
effrontery; temerity; contempt for the restraints of law, religion, or decorum
something that flows out
to confine; hinder; entrap
cannot be undone or taken back
hardened to something undesirable
relating to an island
eternal damnation; hell
divine guidance; God
passenger boat carrying mail and cargo on a regular schedule
eliciting wonder; weighty
sea monster or large sea animal
a temporary stay
to abhor; to loathe intensely
worshipper of idols
process of dressing and grooming oneself
to avoid habitually
(adj.) strong; (n) an unwavering partisan
a man who gives exaggerated attention to dress
cheerless; expressing grief
sediment of liquor; dregs
side sheltered from wind
a tomb or marker for person(s) buried elsewhere
murder or murderer of parent or close relative
of dark color
showing sour disposition
(in) lieu (of)
staff or baton signifying royalty
enormous; extraordinary in degree
a kind of American clam
pot used for rendering oil from blubber
(by) dint (of)
rites of public worship
side of ship above upper deck
summit; highest point
sudden, violent wind; storm
irregular; deviating from norm
a share of the profit
month of fasting from dawn to sunset (Islam)
relating to giving of names
a machine for moving or raising heavy weights*
any of various machines for hoisting or hauling*
relating to spring
tool for boring holes
expressing mild disapproval
a housing for ship's compass and a lamp
temperate; moderate in eating and drinking
fit for a baron
a wooden ship with the upper deck cut away*
believing too easily
sudden confusion or dismay
relating to hell; damnable
coagulated parts of milk
obsessive concentration on one idea
cutting off of the limbs
pertaining to the body
in fear or dread
slipping away from one's grasp
to make into a god
incapable of error
Reverie (also revery)
firmly established in habit
a desperate, dangerous criminal
subject to whim; fickle
said to be; so-called
given to pretentious display
small dagger with thin, tapering blade
small backward current
ropes from ship's side to masthead
greatly agitated; stormy
great intensity of passion or desire
not able to be denied or delayed
interval; break or pause
of great number
showing too great a willingness to serve; fawning
overly full; excessive
one who hates or distrusts all people
bright red or scarlet
(corpo santo) St. Elmo's fire; glowing balls of electrical energy appearing among the spars of a ship
holding firmly to some purpose
apparent knowledge of things before they happen
a vapor-like quality
in the immediately surrounding area
somebody or something that is greatly disliked or detested and is therefore shunned
to take over territory and incorporate it into another political entity, e.g. a country or state
belonging or relating to the time before the Civil War
a sum of money that has been set aside from a budget
great passion, enthusiasm, or eagerness
the cleaning of skeletons to remove all connective tissue
a fibrous, carcinogenic mineral formerly used for it's heat resistance
circle of discoloration or light
a decorative railing together with its supporting balusters, often used at the front of a parapet or gallery
an expression of approval or good wishes
a fictional land in Jonathan Swift's satirical novel Gulliver's Travels occupied by giants.
abrupt, blunt, or curt in manner or speech
a dead body, especially one that is to be dissected
piles of stones
a bottomless watertight chamber filled with compressed air
a slanderous statement or false accusation
a member of a Native North American people who once lived in northwestern Oregon
making a clang or repeated loud clanging
of the same size or extent
to assign a duty or task to somebody
dependent on or resulting from a future and as yet unknown event
to express something using a particular style or choice of words
likely to discourage, intimidate, or frighten somebody
lack of the necessary means of subsistence
a serious disease affecting the throat that makes it difficult for a person to breathe
lack of strength or concentration believed to be characteristic of old age
unjustly harsh or severe
the fact of being deceptive, dishonest, or misleading
the ability to produce the desired result
characteristic of a particular place, or among a particular group, or area of interest or activity
a group of special employees who go with a high-ranking or famous person on visits and engagements
fine wood shavings, used for stuffing, packing, etc.
an amount of money spent, as a whole or on a particular thing
pleasantly or agreeably
pretentious display or showiness
characterized by thriftiness and avoidance of waste
to stimulate somebody or something into great activity
to earn or acquire something by effort
the state of being extremely thin and bony in appearance
pompous or lofty manner of speaking or writing
a cunning, deceitful, or treacherous quality
silty soil that turns very sticky and muddy when it becomes wet
a covered two-wheeled vehicle drawn by one horse and carrying two passengers
a break in something where there should be continuity
a region that is remote from cities or their cultural influence
to put restrictions on somebody or something to slow or prevent progress
an offensive term that deliberately insults somebody's intellect
a confusing, messy, or complicated situation, especially one that involves disagreement or intrigue
not easily worried, distressed, or agitated
easily provoked to anger or outbursts of temper
the authority to enforce laws or pronounce legal judgments
a specialized oven or furnace used for industrial processes such as firing clay for pottery or bricks
a small permanent or temporary structure on a sidewalk that sells items such as newspapers and candy
lacking energy, excitement, enthusiasm, or passion
a small lake adjoining a larger one
a deciduous hardwood tree with heart-shaped leaves
a smooth hard road surface made from small pieces of stone, usually mixed with tar or asphalt, in compressed layers
unsatisfactory in quantity, substance, or size
someone who has the power to fascinate somebody in a way that is almost hypno
a harmful or poisonous emanation, especially one caused by burning or decaying organic matter
a shiny mineral belonging to a group having varying compositions
a tall slender tower attached to a mosque
to calm or soothe somebody who is angry or upset
commonplace, not unusual, and often boring
a very large number
relating to or belonging to a style of art and architecture prevalent in the late 18th and early 19th centuries
too preoccupied with details
sloping or joining something at an angle that is not a right angle
noisily and aggressively boisterous
the edible, mainly internal organs of an animal
so intense as to be almost able to be felt physically
low gables, typically triangular with a horizontal cornice and raking cornices
a strong liking, taste, or tendency for something
a small light four-wheeled carriage, usually with two seats and usually drawn by two horses
a place laid out as a pleasure garden or promenade
believable and appearing likely to be true, usually in the absence of proof
exceeding what is normal in nature
something very impressive or amazing
present in large numbers, or containing large numbers of quantities of something
a leisurely walk or stroll, usually in a public place, that is taken for pleasure or to be seen
not having any features that are interesting or imaginative
the source and ownership history of a work of art
somebody who is regarded as highly antisocial, aggressive, and lacking in empathy
describes drugs that are capable of affecting the mind, e.g. those used to treat psychiatric disorders
having a strong smell or a powerfully sharp or bitter taste
a pile of burning material, especially a pile of wood on which a dead body is ceremonially cremated
an act or writ to recover goods by somebody who claims to own them
self-possession or calmness, especially in a dangerous or stressful situation
the act of a locomotive pushing railroad vehicles in the process of sorting them
a hot dusty humid southeast wind
to criticize someone
feeling sleepy or tending to fall asleep
a projecting tooth on a wheel or cylinder that engages with the links of a chain
a building material of plaster and fibrous material used as a temporary, especially decorative, finish
to strike something such as a door or a rib and make it break inward
somebody who is skilled at or whose job involves writing shorthand and typing up reports
occurrence at the same time or movement at the same rate
an unpleasant person who is often angry or violent, usually someone in a position of power
a small hand tool with a short handle and a flat, usually pointed blade used for spreading, shaping, and smoothing plaster
to move in waves or in a movement resembling waves
the internal organs of the body, especially those of the abdomen such as the intestines
a dedicated follower of something such as a religion or cause
- not caring one way or the other
- lack of emotion
- unclear; clouded; partially hidden; hard to understand
- unclear in meaning
- to worship; to honor
- to speak out against
- narrow-minded; unsophisticated
- kind; good-hearted; generous
- to soothe; to end a dispute; to reconcile
- overly submissive
- restrained; uncommunicative
- to reject; to deny
- clear; easy to understand
- having to do with art or beauty
- to add to; to increase; to make bigger
- smug; self-satisfied
- fluent and graceful in speech
- cunning; deceitfulness
- to praise
- to prevent; to stop; to keep from doing something
- repetitive; extra; unnecessary
- famous in a bad way; famous for being bad
- common; dull; ordinary
- to praise
- pleasant sound
- to ridicule; to make fun of
- bland; boring; stupid
- severe; without frills
- an opinion violently opposed to established beliefs
- love of humankind; donation to charity
- a show of respect
- to waver between choices
- without luxuries
- stubbornly opinionated
- to forgive
- instructive; intended to instruct
- to speak badly of
- short-lived; fleeting; not lasting
- uninspired; dull; banal
- finicky; overly critical
- argument; combative
- perceptive; intelligent
- slow; tired
- to blame; to criticize
- to lessen the severity of something
- shameful; bad
- to create; to produce
- to dismiss to a lower position
- to erase; to wipe out
- quiet; saying little
- to make better; to improve
- to give in; to agree
- to waste away from lack of use
- unchanging; permanent
- believing; gullible
- to come together; to merge; to join
- careless; not diligent; relaxed
- inborn; inherited
- a servile, self seeking flatterer
- understood only by a select few
- flippancy; humor
- burning; uncomplimentary
- careful; diligent; moral
- a rest; a pause; a break
- pleasure-seeking; indulgent
- a peculiar, untranslatable expression
- tired; languid
- stronghold; fortress
- accidental; happening by chance
- to soothe
- sluggish; lethargic
- haughty; arrogant
- wordy; overly talkative
- common; ordinary
- deeply apologetic
- a lack
- sickly sweet; falsely sweet
- tough; hard to defeat
- to talk on and on
- to copy something admired; to imitate
- scarcity; lack
- to wander slowly
- favorable; looking up
- to profane a holy place
- mysterious; puzzling; enigmatic