Which of the following was the first highly developed country in East Asia, significantly ahead of any other East Asian state in its level of economic development?
The ancient Chinese city of _______ is seen by the Chinese as having eclipsed Rome as center of sophistication.
The Long March was a series of battles and retreats conducted by Communist Party forces led by _____________.
The __________ was a Chinese program that reorganized agricultural peasants to encourage industrialization but ultimately resulted in a disrupted food production that caused over 20 million to die of starvation.
Great Leap Forward
Which of the following was NOT a result of the One-Child Policy in China?
An increased preference for female children
Which city was the capital of South Vietnam before the 1976 reunification of the country?
Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City)
Which of the following rivers provides Myanmar (Burma) with its chief internal water route?
he Indonesian island of ________ is one of the world's most densely settled and intensively cultivated areas.
During the reign of Pol Pot in __________, the Khmer Rouge killed as many as 2 million people.
On December 26, 2004, nearly 300,000 people in coastal areas surrounding the Indian Ocean died from this kind of natural disaster:
This country seceded from Malaysia in 1965 and used a focus on international banking, communications and tourism to become one of the world's wealthiest states:
The major core of population is located on ______ portion of the Australian continent.
east and southeast coast
By signing a treaty with the British in 1840, this group has managed to maintain a strong legal standing in New Zealand:
The European region that has undergone the greatest political changes in recent years is:
The __________ built an empire that stretched around the Mediterranean Sea, founding cities and connecting much of Europe with a durable system of roads and aqueducts.
The chief political and economic architect of the 1917 Russian Revolution that created the Soviet Union was:
Which of the following physiographic subdivisions contains the national heartland (and Moscow)?
the Russian Plain
The modern Russian state, which began as a forest-based empire launched by Czar Ivan the Terrible, was centered in the city of:
An island with significant oil potential that may prove to change the economic geography of the Russian Far East is
Remote prisons in the Russian wilderness, used during Soviet times to house political prisoners, were known as:
A city built by Czar Peter the Great, designed as a westward military presence, is today known as:
This policy of the Soviet Empire resulted in substantial ethnic Russian minorities still existent in non-Russian, now independent republics.
. The Pacific Hinge is called a "hinge" because:
it represents a gateway to Asia and the Pacific Rim
An example of a "rain shadow effect," where air is dried by being lifted over mountainous landforms, can be found in what area of North America?
The Great Lakes
One effect of inner-city revitalization is _________, which improves crumbling neighborhoods but also displaces low-income residents.
Two former colonial entities (one Portuguese, the other British, respectively) that reunited with China during the late 1990s are:
Macau and Hong Kong
Which of the following is false concerning the western interior of China?
much of the area is a flat plain
The Han Dynasty:
was a pivotal and formative period in Chinese history, when the Chinese sphere of influence was enlarged, land reform occurred, and external trade commenced
Discuss linkages between East Asia's physiography and (1) the densely populated core of eastern China, as well as (2) China's sparsely populated interior.
(1) Rich alluvial valleys in the east make for productive farming, as does the region's wetter, and (in places) its milder climate. (2) China's interior is far drier than its eastern core due to the drying effects that the region's mountainous uplands have on moisture-laden air masses from the south.
Explain why China's Mao Zedong opposed population control during the middle decades of the twentieth century. Describe China's population policy today, noting both its success and its negative consequences.
Mao believed that a large population was critical to the success of young communist countries, and that population control initiatives were a western, capitalist attempt to undermine communist countries. China's one-child policy, enacted in 1979 limits families to one child under penalty of increased taxes, loss of housing, or other punishments, though there are exceptions made for some rural families, and more recently for some urban families. While this policy has slowed population growth in China considerably, it has also brought a rise in selective and non-selective abortions and infanticide, particularly in the case of girls. Consequently, the gap between numbers of men and women in China is growing.
Explain the reason for the existence and persistence of the division between North and South Korea.
Following World War II and the defeat of Korea's occupiers, the Japanese, the Korean peninsula was divided for reasons of post-war administration between the Soviet-managed north and the US-managed south. The Korean War tested and ultimately reaffirmed that boundary as the division between two distinct countries.
Earthquakes are always devastating to population centers, both in terms of property destruction and loss of life. Yet Tokyo is particularly vulnerable to the risks associated with its next large earthquake. Why do some predict that Tokyo's next "big one" will be so terribly catastrophic? Reasons: population, economics, urban structures,
Reasons include the following: (1) Compared to past earthquakes in and around Tokyo, the city and its population are far bigger. (2) The city is both a national and international economic hub, amplifying the potential economic consequences of an earthquake. (3) Ruptures along its now-extensive system of underground gas lines raise the risk of widespread fires. (4) Many of its buildings are built on fill, which unlike solid rock is subject to considerable movement during earthquakes (liquefaction), leading to the collapse of greater numbers of buildings.
The funnel-shaped connection between North America and South America, extending from Mexico through Panama to Colombia, is an example of:
a land bridge
This kind of agricultural settlement, found in the rimland of Spanish Middle America, specializes in the production of a commercial crop, and is hence vulnerable to fluctuations in world market prices.
American-owned factories located near the U.S.-Mexico border, but on the Mexican side to take advantage of cheap labor and free trade offered by NAFTA are acalled: