a Buddhist and Hindu and especially Jainist doctrine holding that all forms of life are sacred and urging the avoidance of violence
the spirit of evil in Zoroastrianism
chief deity of Zoroastrianism
Collection of the ideas and teachings of Confucius
Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
nomads from Europe and Asia who migrated to India and finally settled; vedas from this time suggest beginning of caste system
grandson of Chandragupta; most honored emperor for his commitment to spreading peace and prosperity to all; was buddhist but accepted other religions; decline came after his death
In Hindu belief, a person's essential self
Zoroastrian holy scriptures
A religion based on love and peace, people of the Baha'i faith can harm no living thing
Gita- A sacred Hindu text that is a part of the Mahabharata
the highest of the four varnas: the priestly or sacerdotal category
the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity
founder of confucianism , and the role of rutial in bringing out peoples humanity also having a clear understanding of how you should live.
chief lama and once ruler of Tibet
Laozi (Old Master) said to give up worldly desires and turn to nature is based on what belief?
basic principles of the cosmos
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the beatitude that transcends the cycle of reincarnation
in Confucian thought, one of the virtues to be cultivated, a love and respect for one's parents and ancestors
Kesh-uncut hair, Kara- steel bracelet, Kanga- wooden comb, Kachera-white shirt, Kirpan- short sword
Four Noble Truths
1) All life is full of suffering, pain, and sorrow. 2) The cause of suffering is nonvirtue, or negative deeds and mindsets such as hated and desire. 3) The only cure for suffering is to overcome nonvirture. 4) The way to overcome nonvirtue is to follow the Eightfold Path
Located in India, this river is considered sacred to Hindus and is used for spiritual cleansing, funeral rites, and other Hindu rituals.
he lived in the 6th century and is the founder of Buddhism
Indian religious leader who founded Sikhism in dissent from the caste system of Hinduism
a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme beingof many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a
religion founded in the 6th century BC as a revolt against Hinduism
one the Shinto deities (including mythological beings, spirits of distinguished men, forces of nature)
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
founder of Daoism
(Hinduism) a sacred epic Sanskrit poem of India dealing in many episodes with the struggle between two rival families
founder of Jainism
Mandate of Heaven
a political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
(religion) contemplation of spiritual matters (usually on religious or philosophical subjects)
The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths.
any place of complete bliss and delight and peace
Noble Eightfold Path
The fourth of the Noble Eightfold Truths; defines the basic practices of Buddhism that lead to nirvana.
one of two classical Hindu epics telling of the banishment of Rama from his kingdom and the abduction of his wife by a demon and Rama's restoration to the throne
the Hindu or Buddhist doctrine that person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of hell) depending on the person's own actions
(Hinduism) an ancient language of India (the language of the Vedas and of Hinduism)
the ancient indigenous religion of Japan lacking formal dogma
the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam
Buddhist shrine that is shaped like a dome or mound
The Way Of Wisdom
The five spirtual faculaties in Buddhism, faith, vigor, mindfulness, concentration and wisdom.
Three Baskets Of Wisdom
Teachings passed down orally, then written down.
A group of writings sacred in Hinduism concerning the relations of humans, God, and the universe.
LOWEST LEVEL OF INDIAN SOCIETY; not considered a real part of the caste system; often given degrading jobs; their life was extremely difficult
(Hinduism) the name for the original social division of Vedic people into four groups (which are subdivided into thousands of jatis)
system of religion founded in Persia in the 6th century BC by Zoroaster
Ancient Sanskrit writings that are the earliest sacred texts of Hinduism.