English

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In the excerpt from "Self-Reliance", Emerson says, "Trust_________; every heart vibrates to that iron string."
a) the great leaders of the world
b)thyself
c)no one
d)academic specialists

thyself

With which statement would you expect Transcendentalists to agree?
a)Human beings have less potential when they act independently
b)There is a spiritual relationship between humanity and nature
c)There is no fundamental reality beyond the physical world
d)People should strive so that their natural souls do not become part of an oversoul

There is a spiritual relationship between humanity and nature

Which view of nature does Emerson take?
a)Nature must be studied and dissected
b)Nature is indifferent to human suffering
c)Nature can inspire the human spirit
d)Urban dwellers have little conception of the cruelty of nature

Nature can inspire the human spirit

Emerson's romanticism is most clearly displayed in his
a)general descriptions of nature
b)logically constructed arguments
c)vague sense of loneliness
d)realiance on emotional truth

reliance on emotional truth

Which of these statements best characterizes the central idea of Self Reliance?
a)Social customs serve a valuable purpose
b)Rely on your own instincts
c)Meekness is the virtue that fosters self-awareness
d) Cruelty may be necessary to achieve philosophical goals

Rely on your own instincts

The prose excerpts show that Emerson never abandoned his belief in
a) simple ignorance
b) conformity
c)self-interest
d) unlimited human possibility

unlimited human possibility

Which of these quotations from "Nature" shows Emerson's concept of the Over-Soul?
a)In the woods is perpetual youth
b)I see all; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me...
c)I am the lover of uncontained and immortal beauty
d)In the woods, we return to reason and faith

I see all; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me

In "Nature", Emerson writes "Yet it is certain that the power to produce this delight does not reside in nature, but in man, or in a harmony of both." What philosophy does this statement support.
a)creationism
b)materialism
c)Transcendentalism
d)feminism

Transcendentalism

Which statements about Transcendentalism are accurate?
I) Transcendentalism was a philosophical movement
II) Transcendentalism was only a European movement
III) Transcendentalists were interested in the human spirit
IV) Transcendentalists thought that an exploration of nature helped people understand universal truths.

I, III, and IV only

Which of these quotations reflects a key idea of Transcendentalism
a) To be great means to be always misunderstood
b) The virtue in most request is conformity
c) With consistency comes greatness
d) Nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind

Nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind

In Self-Reliance, Emerson writes that society "loves not realities and creators, but names and customs." Which of these adjectives best reflects Emerson's attitude in that statement?
a) encouraging
b)forgiving
c) disapproving
d) accepting

disapproving

What aspect of his philosophy does Thoreau express in the following statement: "If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer.
a) love of nature
b) emphasis on simplicity
c) individualism
d) lack of materialism

individualism

In the excerpt from "Walden", Thoreau states that one of his chief reasons for going to live in the woods was to
a) simplify his life thoroughly
b) stop working at a job he detested
c) see if he could be self-sufficient
d)get away from people

simplify his life thoroughly

The excerpt from "Walden" by Thoreau primarily is concerned with
a) the routines of daily existence
b) a search for the essence of reality
c) the interesting faces of nature
d)isolation from human society

a search for the essence of reality

Which of these statements best reflects Thoreau's philosophy as expressed in Walden?
a) Wealth is desirable, but spiritual happiness is also important
b) Building a cabin in the woods is practical and inexpensive
c) Human beings are creatures of great complexity
d) Living a simple life close to nature lets a person concentrate on important things

Living a simple life close to nature lets a person concentrate on important things

The man who hears a "different drummer" is best described as
a) a philosopher
b) a lover of nature
c) a nonconformist
d) an alienated individual

a noncomformist

Walden's closing image of the morning star leaves readers feeling
a) inspired
b) hopeless
c) argumentative
d) exhausted

inspired

What does Thoreau maen in the following sentences?: "I don't wish to be any more busy with my hands than is necessary. My head is hands and feet."
a)He views thinking as an important part of his work
b) He doesn't like working very hard
c) He prefers a desk job to manual labor
d) His partial paralysis makes walking impossible and also makes it difficult to work with his hands

he views thinking as an important part of his work

Thoreau wrote in a concrete style and tested what he believed. T/F?

True

As part of Transcendental Protest, Thoreau refused to pay his poll tax and went to jail. T/F?

True

Thoreau spoke in defense of the abolitionist, Terry McClain, when it was not politically correct to do so. T/F?

False

Thoreau concluded that his experiment of living in the woods was a failure. T/F?

False

Thoreau went to live in the woods so that he could confront the essential facts of life. T/F?

True

Thoreau advised people to follow their intuitions, however unusual those intuitions seem to be. T/F?

True

Thoreau had a high regard for civilized urban life. T/F?

False

In "Nature", Emerson states that there are absolutely no possibilities for man to grow spiritually. T/F?

False

Emerson sees in nature evidence of God's presence. T/F?

True

As a result of communion with nature, Emerson tells us that his egotism grows by leaps and bounds. T/F?

False

In "Nature", Emerson claims that he becomes part or particle of God. T/F?

True

According to "Self-Reliance", the greatest obstacle to self-trust is society. T/F?

True

In "Self-Reliance, Emerson refers to the source of virtue and life by using the following words: instinct and intuition. T/F?

True

In "Self-Reliance", Emerson exhorts human beings to strive for absolute consistency. T/F?

False

In "Self-Reliance", he urges people to trust themselves. T/F?

True

Transcendentalists believed that man could reach God by communing with statues. T/F?

False

Unitarians believed in the basic goodness and innate free will of the individual. T/F?

True

Utopian communities were founded by the Unitarians. T/F?

False

Unitarianism rejected Original Sin and Determinism. T/F?

True

Transcendentalism was in opposition to Rationalism which was all brain and no spirit. T/F?

True

Unitarianism believed in a Binary God. T/F?

False

Transcendentalism believed in the goodness of man, the glory of nature, the importance of free individual expression, and awareness of reality and truth reached through intuition rather than through reason or logic. T/F?

True

Emerson was originally a Puritan minister. T/F?

False

Emerson brought the idea of Transcendentalism back to America from Europe. T/F?

True

Emerson was the fountainhead of Transcendentalism in American Literature. T/F?

True

Emerson was the first American author to call for independence of expression in American Literature. T/F?

True

Emerson's works are very abstract and difficult to follow. T/F?

True

In "Song of Myself" when the speaker says "I, now 37 years old in perfect health begin, / Hoping to cease not till death," what do you think he is beginning?
a) writing poetry
b) reading poetry
c) communicating with nature
d) a family

writing poetry

Which of the following elements prevents "Song of Myself" from becoming an exercise in ego and selfishness?
a) the title
b) the poem's linking of the individual self to a universal self
c) the diction, or word choice
d) the exuberant, optimistic tone

the poem's linking of the individual self to a universal self

In "I Hear America Singing", Whitman implies that Americans are all of the following except
musical geniuses
competent
mainly cheerful
confident

musical geniuses

The phrase "barbaric yawp" in Song of Myself is an example of Whitman's
british roots as a poet
love of nature
informality
pessimism

informality

Based on the details in Song of Myself and I Hear America Singing, what can you infer about Whitman's attitude toward other people?
He is bossy and likes to control the people around him
He does not like to be around people
He thinks that most people are very foolish
He feels affectionate toward other people

He feels affectionate toward other people

based on his poetry, what can you infer about Whitman's attitude toward nature?
I) He admires nature
II) He learns from nature
III) He considers himself to be part of nature.
IV) He likes to spend time outdoors

I, II, III, and IV

the central comparison in "A Noiseless Patient Spider" is between
the spider and the speaker's soul
the spider and the filament
the spider's filament and the soul's gossamer thread
the spider's promontory and the speaker's isolated location

the spider and the speaker's soul

structurally speaking, what makes Song of Myself a typical Whitman poem?
its use of regular stanzas
its complex meters
its use of lines of fixed lengths
its use of the natural cadences of human speech

its use of the natural cadences of human speech

"The singing" the speaker hears in "I Hear America Singing" is
the songs from foreign lands brought to America by immigrants
the poetry of Whitman and other American poets
the language of different ethnic groups in the American melting pot
the individuality of Americans in different walks of life

the individuality of Americans in different walks of life

Which of the following is the main literary device used in "A Noiseless patient Spider"?
metaphor
allegory
synecdoche
repitition

metaphor

Whitman's free verse in Song of Myself uses all of the following devices except
rhyme
vivid pictures
strong diction
strong conversational rhythms

rhyme

What situation in By the Bivouac's Fitful Flame prompts the thoughts of life, death, and people far away?
encountering the darkness of the woods
being in the midst of war
recognizing the familiarity of the terrain
being mesmerized by the fitful flame

being in the midst of war

which of the following was not a prime reason why Whitman chose to write in free verse?
to convey a sense of freedom
to imitate earlier poets he admired
to express his individuality
to celebrate democracy

to imitate earlier poets he admired

What can you infer about the poet's attitude from these lines in Song of Myself?: These are really the thoughts of all men in all ages and lands, they are not original with me, / If they are not yours as much as mine they are nothing, or next to nothing....
Whitman is pleased to acknowledge that he borrowed ideas in Song of Myself from another poet.
Whitman believes that he can predict what people who read his poetry in the future will think
Whitman thinks that his poetry is worthless if readers disagree with him
Whitman believes that his observations are, in some sense, universally shared

Whitman believes that his observations are, in some sense, universally shared

According to the first stanza, what situation does not allow the speaker to experience "luxury"?
separation from her lover
conflict with her lover
"Wild Nights"
lack of money

separation from her lover

What is the subject of the second stanza?
a sailing ship
a calm sea
a lost love
a found love

a lost love

How many lines of the poem have the same exact rhyme?
five
three
four
two

five

In line 6, what is meant by "a heart in port"?
someone who loves boats
someone who does not wish to venture outside
someone who loves a person on shore
someone who has found love

someone who has found love

In line 5, what are futile winds?
a strong desire to drift through life
a weak desire to remain in one place
no desire to find a different person to love
a powerful desire to find a different person to love

no desire to find a different person to love

Which is not a true statement?
The poem contains exact rhymes
The poem is written in free verse
the poem has stanzas
the poem contains slant rhymes

the poem is written in free verse

To which senses do the images in the stanza appeal?:
There's a certain Slant of Light
Winter Afternoons--
That oppresses, like the Heft
Of Cathedral Tunes--
a) sound, smell, and touch
b) sight, sound, and smell
c) sight, smell, and taste
d) sight, sound, and touch

Sight, sound, and touch

"The Brain--is wider than the Sky--" compares the physical size of the brain to that of the sky and the sea. What point is Dickinson making when she uses these images?
the brain is an empty space
The human brain is physically larger than any other animal's
The brain is infinitely large in understanding
The brain is blue, like the sky and the sea

the brain is infinitely large in understanding

In My Life Closed Twice Before Its Close, the 3 closings mentioned in the title refer to
the parting of two loved ones followed by the speaker's death
two great disappiontments followed by the speaker's death
3 great disappointments in the speaker's life
the deaths of 3 loved ones in the butcher's family

the parting of 2 loved ones followed by the speaker's death

In Because I Could Not Stop for Death, Death is personified as
a rough and harried carriage driver
a well-informed tour guide
a weary gravedigger
a polite gentleman

a polite gentleman

In "The Soul selects her own Society", the soul is compared to
a woman who stays in her house no matter who comes to visit her
a nation of people who do not like to travel to other nations
a man who is very choosy about his friends
an emperor who rides in chariots and pauses outside a gate

a woman who stays in her house no matter who comes to visit her

In "I heard a Fly buzz when I died", why is there a stillness in the room?
The people in the room have stopped talking in order to listen to the fly
The people in the room are waiting for the speaker's final moment
the storm outdoors has momentarily ceased its "heaves"
the people in the room are waiting for the speaker to make her will

the people in the room are waiting for the speaker's final moment

Which of the following images is the central image in "Because I could not stop for Death"?
children playing
a carriage ride
the setting sun
the horse's heads

a carriage ride

Which of the following poems focuses most strongly on a lesson that can be learned from nature?
Because I Could Not Stop For Death
There's a Certain Slant Of Light
My Life Closed twice before its Close
There is a Solitude of Space

There's a Certain Slant of Light

Which of these statements best expresses the central message of "My Life Closed Twice Before Its Close"?
Parting is heavenly when you are glad to be rid of someone but hellish when you know you will miss the person
parting may be the closest we come in life to understanding death
Death is followed by immortality
Our lives are divided into 3 parts, and death is the last one

Parting may be the closest we come in life to understanding death

Whitman brings unity to his poems by the repetition of a rhyme scheme. T/F?

False

Whitman pays tribute to various common workers of America in the poem "I hear South America Singing". T/F?

False

Whitman's book of poetry Leaves of Grass was a financial failure and was considered crude and gross. T/F?

True

The poem appearing in Leaves of Grass that consisted of 52 stanzas of celebrating the poet was Song of Myself. T/F?

True

In A Noiseless Patient Spider, Whitman compares the spider to the poet's own soul. T/F?

True

Whitman experimented with the Sonnet Form. T/F?

False

In the line "The veried carols I hear" from I Hear America Singing, one can see the use of Anastrophe. T/F?

True

Whitman embraced the ideal of Puritan ethic. T/F?

False

Dickinson always dressed in white. T/F?

True

In her poems, Dickinson frequently examines the relationship between events of everyday life and the things of the Spirit. T/F?

True

Dickinson used slant rhyme but no formal rhythmic meter of any kind ever in her work. T/F?

False

the poem by emily dickinson suggest that she was much preoccupied with her many friendships. T/F?

False

in her mid 20s, dickinson entered harvard. T/F?

false

dickinson did not want any recognition. T/F?

true

emily dickinson was born, raised, and lived her life in MA. T/F?

true

a characteristic of dickinson's poems that immediately strikes the reader is her frequent use of rhyming couplets. T/F?

false

emily dickinson wrote only 100 poems. T/F?

false

the 4 people who drink the doctor's water are symbols for
medical science
youth
age
nature

age

why does Dr. Heidegger caution the four elderly people to draw up rules?
he fears they will want more water than he has
he doesn't want one to have an unfair advantage over the others
he fears they will revert to old behaviors and waste the gift
he wants them to approach the experiment in an orderly fashion

he fears they will revert to old behaviors and waste the gift

what does the water symbolize?
knowledge
eternal youth
refreshment
medicine

eternal youth

Dr. Heidegger suggests that the experiment could benefit
the four friends' future
young people
the cause of science
the doctor's reputation

young people

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