ulysses s grant
military leader for the north. war in the west. captured four henry and four donelson.
george mc clellan
union commander. this mans strategy was used to take richmond in the peninsula campaign. often hesistant to commit his men to battle
anaconda plan. control of the mississppi river would enable them to penetrate deep into the other territory.
quick attack. shatter the others morale aand disrupot communications. win european support and bring the war to a speedy end
huge population. enjoyed the economic advantag. could move troops and supplies with ease. nations railroad. us navy
100,000 jobs for women in arsenals, factoties and sewing rooms. volunteer groups to raise money
patriotic events/parades. public figures urged men to join the army and wealthy members of scoiety pledged money to buy arms and uniforms
battle of antietam
bloodiest battle in american history. two union soldiers found lees battle plans wrapped around his cigar pack and counterattacked
battle of gettysburg
picketts charge. meade vs lee. lee attacked in virginia. critical turning point in the war. union victory
attack of fort sumter
the south needed the fort in order to control access to this major port city. souther victory
all slaves living in areas still rebelling against the united states would be free. only applied to southern states.
type of posionous snake. were mainly northern democrats who sympathized with the south but did not actively interfere with the war effort
aided the milliions of sotuherners that were left homless and hungry after the civil war
jim crow laws
laws required states sepearate railways cars for african americans and whites. seperation of races
would give a full pardon to all southerners who would swear allegiance to the us constituiton and accept federal laws ending slavery
civil rights act of 1866
the first civil rights law in the nations history. declared taht everyone born in the uniter states was a citizen with full civial rights BUT did not guarantee voting rights
tenure of office act
act that johnson violated, causing himself to be impeached. fired a senator. required senator approval of a replacement before the president could remove an appoiined offical who had been confirmed by the senate.
northerns that moved to the south during reconstruction looking fir wealth, land or to help the freed black men
compromise of 1877
end of reconstruction. the republicans afreed to withdraw the remaining federal troops from the south
laws preventing blacks from achieving social, political, and economic equalirt with southern whites
plessy vs ferguseen
a lawsuit borught in 1896n after african american was denied a seat in a first class railway car. SEPERATE BUT EQUAL!
gave everyone the right to vote and southerner should be punished for no allowing voting
the system uner which the government or worker coopedratives own most factories, utiliti9es, and transportation adn communication systems