Civil War Kal test

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South Carolina

last state to take down the confederate flag from their capital

Slavery

"Peculiar Institution"

Ordinances of Secession

documents adopted by SC in a special convention to secede

Montgomery, AL

Southern Delegates met here to organize the Confederacy

Richmond, VA

Capital of the Confederacy

Horace Greeley

"Let the erring sisters go in peace"

Buchanan

"Lame Duck" president

President Buchanan

It was unconstitutional to stop the states from leaving the union

Crittendon

Proposed a compromise to solve the issue

Lincoln

"To this fact I hold chains of steel" about the non extension of slavery

"copperheads"

anti war northerners who supported the south cause

"Peace Democrats"

Southern sympathizers who weakened the northern cause

General Winfield Scott

One of the only generals of the north that had military experience

Winfield Scott

said to Lincoln that Robert E Lee should lead the Northern Army

Robert E. Lee

said he "could not go against his country" meaning Virginia

Anaconda Plan

The military plan drafted by Winfield Scott with Irvin McDowell and Lincoln

Taking Richmond

Most important thing in the anaconda plan

Gideon Wells

Called the northern cause of blockading the southern ports a "Paper Blockade"

David G. Farragot

Took New Orleans for the north

Winfield Scott

Quickly resigned to Lincoln after drawing up the Anaconda Plan

General Irvin McDowell

led the Army of the Potomac at Bull Run, then was replaced

Army of the Potomac

The name of Union army

General McClellan

was considered a great trainer of troops but often hesitated and overestimated the size of the enemy in battle

General McClellan

"Young Napoleon"

General McClellan

hated lincoln, and wanted his general position to jump him to the presidency

General McClellan

"Little Mack"

Premonitory orders

commands given directly by the president to a certain person or general

General McClellan

"I could become a dictator if I wanted to, but luckily I dont want to"

General Pope

His first battle was 2nd Manassas, lost miserably

General Pope

replaced McClellan after he failed to recognize Lincoln's orders

McClellan

replaced Pope after 2nd Manassas, but was removed again right before Fredricksberg

General Burnside

Lead the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Fredricksberg, replaced McClellan

General Thomas Hooker

Replaced Burnside, lead the Union at Chancellorsville

Thomas Hooker

Wanted to have Lee set up with his Niece

General Meade

Replaced Hooker

General Meade

Lead the Army of the Potomac at the battle of Gettysburg, but was replaced after allowing Lee to get back to VA

Ulysses S. Grant

called "butcher" by Mrs. Lincoln and others

Ulysses Grant

Led Union Army to victory, and replaced Meade

Generals William Sherman and Sheridan

Assisted Grant in winning the Civil War

Joseph Brown

Governor of Georgia who was opposed to having non Georgians lead a Georgia unit in the war

General Benjamin Butler

MA politician that once backed Jefferson Davis as president

Benjamin Butler

"The Fugitive slave act did not effect a foreign country"

Benjamin Butler

Had permission to hold fugitive slaves and employ them in Union Army

Irvin McDowell

"This is not an army" regarding the union army

Irvin McDowell

wanted to cut the railroad at Manassas and move towards richmond

General Beauregard

Knew about McDowell's plan of cutting the railroad at Manassas in advance

Rose Greenhow

Spy who told Beauregard the plans of the North at Bull Run

Union Army

"Bristling Monster"

Wilmur McLean's house

General Beauregard made headquarters at Bull Run here

McDowell

"We were surrounded by a valley of musket tree, my first thought was a peculiar image of bullets"

Appomattox Courthouse

Place where Wilmur McLean moves his family

Stonewall Jackson

instilled confidence in the Confederates at Bull Run with reinforcements

The Rebel Yell

War cry used by the confederate army in battle, got it from the battle of Jericho in the Bible

General WW Blackford

"The surgeons had implied upon the union, the surgeons were splattered with blood armed with large saws, throwing the mangled legs into a bin"

Josiah Laveal

"We stopped many times to give some a drink, but we were threatened with the horrors of war"

Bull Run/Manassas

First Battle of the War, confederates win it

Jefferson Davis

"My fellow citizens, your little army has met the grand army of the enemy and it now flies in retreat, we have now taught them a lesson in going into the land of Virginia"

George Templeton Strong

Called the day after the Battle of Bull Run/Manassas "Black Monday"

Frederick Douglass

"The pride, the stupid prejudice, and folly that rules the hour"

Lord Palmerston

England's Prime Minister

The Trent

The English Ship that the Union captured that had Confederate diplomats on it

James Mason & John Slidell

The confederate diplomats on "The Trent" english ship that got captured by the Union

George McClellan

"I can do it all"

Ulysses S. Grant

"As we approached the hill my heart got higher and higher until I thought it was in my troop, the enemies troops were gone, it occurred to me at once that he was now afraid of me as I am of him"

Harriet Tubman

Served as a Southern cook to be a northern spy

Thomas Stonewall Jackson

"Old Blue Light"

Patoka, NY

City that Ulysses S. Grant and co . took at the start of the war, Grant was returned to desk duty after this because of his soldier's actions

William Tecumseh Sherman

Was instituted in an insane asylum when he was removed as head officer in the West when he said at least 20000 men were needed

Sullivan Ballou

wrote a very eloquent letter to his wife sarah before Bull Run

Sullivan Ballou

"Dear Sarah, the indications are very strong that we will move in a few days... I want to pay my debt, but my love for you is debtless...forgive my many faults, but oh sarah if the dead can come back to the earth, I will be with you always... Don't mourn my death, for we shall meet again"

George Templeton Strong

"It has been a gloomy year of departure, but 1862 will not be much better"

Point Pleasant, OH

Birthplace of Ulysses S. Grant

Jesse Grant

Ulysses S. Grant's father

Hannah Simpson

Ulysses S. Grant's mother

Georgetown, OH

Place where the Grant family moved to when Ulysses was 7

Hiram Ulysses Grant

Ullysses Simpson Grant's first name before changing it twice

Grant

"One of the most unjust wars against a weaker nation" regarding the Mexican American War

Ulysses S Grant

Friends called him "Sam"

Julia Dent

Ulysses S Grant's wife

Whitehaven, MO

Julia Dent's home where she met Grant

Sackets Harbor, NY

Place where Grant and his wife moved to

Hardscrabble Farm

Land that Julia Dent's father gave U. Grant, grant's failed farm

Simon Bolivar Buckner

Lent Grant money, eventually surrendered to him at Fort Donelson

Bill

Ulysses S. Grant's slave/personal helper

Willard's hotel

Place where Grant would stay during his military career

21st IL volunteer regiment

1st group Grant was appointed commander of

Belmont, MO

first battle for Grant

Andrew Foote

Commander whose gunboats Fort Henry fell to

Fort Henry and Fort Donelson

Grant and his men tried to take both of these forts from the Confederates

John Floyd and Gideon Pillow

Confederate generals who escaped during the night at Fort Donelson, and left Simon Bolivar Buckner in charge of the fort

Grant

"My supreme duty was to my flag"

John Rawlins

"He dropped a stoop short of walking"

Yankee Doodle

The only song Grant said to recognize

Grant

"Sometimes I want to resign, but Poverty, Poverty begins to stare at me in the face"

Dover Hotel

The place Simon Bolivar surrendered Fort Donelson to his friend U.S. Grant at

"Unconditional Surrender Grant"

Nickname for Grant after the taking of Ft. Donelson

Albert Sydney Johnston

Commanded the Confederate Troops at the Battle of Shiloh

Albert S. Johnston

"Today we will water or horses in the lands of Tennessee"

Don Carlos Buell

Was supposed to bring in Union reinforcements at the Battle of Shiloh, but came late

Ulysses S. Grant

He was so focused on taking Corinth, that he neglected his defenses

The Hornets Nest

"Maddened Demons" at the Battle of Shiloh

Benjamin Prentice

Commanded the Hornet's Nest at Battle of Shiloh

The Hornet's Nest

Did not do much damage at Battle of Shiloh, but delayed the Confederate forces for 6 hours in time for Union Reinforcements

The Hornet's Nest

A group of Illinois farm men that helped the union army stall the Confederacy at the Battle of Shiloh with their relentless pressure

PGT Beauregard

Took over for Albert Johnston after he was killed in the Battle of Shiloh as commander of the Confederate Forces

"Dixie"

The song that played when Don Carlos Buell brought in his reinforcements for the Union at the Battle of Shiloh

PGT Beauregard

Brought reinforcements in for the South at the Battle of Shiloh

Nathan Bedford Forrest

Lead the last cavalry charge into the union army at the Battle of Shiloh

Battle of Shiloh

After this Battle, people called for Grant's resignation because of the number of casualties

Henry Halleck

Man who took command of the TN, OH, MS armies from US Grant after Battle of Shiloh

Shiloh

Hebrew for "Place of Peace"

Nathan Bedford Forrest

"Born to be a soldier like John Keats was born to be a poet"

Sherman

"Forrest must be hunted down and killed"

Nathan Bedford Forrest

Founder of the Klu Klux Klan

Henry Adams

"Science will cause humans to blow up the world - It takes precedent over tactics"

Claude Minie

Inventor of the rifle and spinning bullet

John Rawlins

Grant's chief of staff

Robert E Lee

born in Stratford, VA

Robert E Lee's father

"Lighthouse Harry"

Mary Custis

Lee's wife

Arlington, VA

Place of Lee's Mansion

Lee

"I did only what my duty demanded"

Robert E Lee

"Those People" referring to the union army

Robert E Lee

"King of Spades"

Robert E Lee

"Granny Lee"

Robert E Lee

"Marsh Robert"

Robert E Lee

"Bobby Lee"

Robert E Lee

"Real-life King Arthur"

Henry Adams

"It is always the good people who do the most harm in the world"

Core of Engineers

Lee was appointed to this

Horace Greeley

"It seems to us that whatever strengthens slavery is attempted to divide the union"

Abraham Lincoln

"If I could save the union without freeing a slave I would do it"

Prime Minister Pomerstan

"The proposal would naturally be made, with a view on the basis of separation"

Harrisburg, PA

The place of the railroad that the confederates wanted to attack at

"Oh Maryland, My Maryland"

The song the confederates came while marching threw Maryland

Longstreet

"Lee's Warhorse"

Battle of Antietam

Northern name for Battle of Sharpsburg

Sharpsburg

Southern name for Battle of Antietam

Longstreet

"The number increased to as far as the eye could see, to the tops of the mountains down to the stream, and you could see the great army of the union"

Captain Edward Hastings Ripley

"That night I watched the grimy columns as they drove up upon the scene from an inferno, they were devilish, their shuffle of their badly shot sounded like the hiss of a great serpent"

Hagerstown Pike

Place where the Union army attacked Stonewall Jackson at the Battle of Antietams first part

Dunker Chapel

Church that was located near the 1st part of the Battle of Antietam

Joseph Hooker

"Fighting Joe"

Joseph Hooker

Commander of the Union troops at the first part of the Battle of Antietam

John Bell Hood

Commander of the Confederate's last reserves at the 1st part of the Battle of Antietam

Joe Hooker

"The dead laid in the field in the same rank and order as they had been when living"

Elijah Hunt Rhodes

"I had never seen such a sight, in one sight I saw a batter of men all dead sitting around a tree"

Stonewall Jackson

"God has been every kind to us this day" regarding the south at the 1st part of the Battle of Antietam

The Sunken Road

The Center of Lee's line at the Midday battle of the Battle of Antietam

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