Giving in to the demands of an aggressor to keep the peace
Soviet Union divided the continent of Eastern Europe
State of tensions and hostilities among nations without armed conflict between major rivals
"North Atlantic Treaty Organization" A new military alliance formed by the US, Canada, and 9 other nations. (as tensions grew)
1) US would resist Soviet expansion in Europe or the world
2) The military and economic aid and advisers were sent to Greece & Turkey to help them withstand the threat
Military alliance formed by the USSR and its 7 satellites in response to tensions
Deliberate attempt to destroy an entire religious or ethnic group
Cold War policy of limiting communism to areas already under soviet rule
Lost the most amount of people in the war
First country Hitler invaded
WWII began with the invasion
British troops were trapped between advancing Nazis and the English Channel. All BOATS were sent to help British troops. The mission was dubbed.
Turning point- British general Montgomery finally stopped Rommel's advancement, pushing the axis power back across Libya and Tunisia
"The conquest of the Soviet Union" Hitler wanted raw materials throughout the USSR and in the Ural mountains (oil). Hitler also wanted to crush communism and defeat Stalin
Warned that "They had to choose between was and dishonor, they chose dishonor, they will have war."
Nationalist general who created a Fascist dictatorship in Spain
Supreme Allied commander in Europe
Ethiopian King who appealed to the league of nations for help
Germany's Desert Fox
President who issued a policy stating that Americans resist Soviet expansion
Signed the Munich Pact
Spanish Civil War
Guernica was a dress rehearsal for WW2
The date chosen by allies for the nation of France
Axis leaders were tried for crimes against humanity
Turning point in the Pacific / Why a turning point
Battle at Midway; The US was victorious at Midway Island in the Solomon Islands, after a serious of victories by Japan
How did war in Europe end?
On V-E Day at the Elbe River
British and French chose appeasement persuading Czechs to surrender Sudentenland
Battle of the Buldge
In Belgium, the last and best German Offense
Cold War rivals
The United States and the Soviet Union
Charles de Gaulle
Led a government in exile, which was set up by some French officers that escaped to Europe
Why were Japanese Americans interned in relocation camps?
Americans were scared that they were spies since the Japanese attacked their country
The former capitol of Berlin was divided into 4 zones. Stalin sealed off every part of the city. Western powers, for over a year supplied around the clock airlift. Cargo planes supplied west Berliners with food & fuel; forcing soviets to end the blockade
Roosevelt and Churchill met on a warship in the Atlantic and issued it, stating a set of goals for the "final destination of the Nazi tyranny" and for the postwar world
Why did Mussolini invade Ethiopia?
It was one of the only countries left independent and he didn't want to invade someone else's colony
What contributed to the Soviet victory at Stalingrad
The Germans were trapped without food or ammunition and with no hope of rescue
Why did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor?
b/c the US banned the sale of was materials to Japan
Where were atomic bombs dropped?
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Why did Hitler sign the nonaggression pact with Stalin?
Hitler wanted a free hand in Poland and did not want to fight the western democracies & the Soviet Union at the same time
A massive aid package that the US offered to help strengthen democratic governments
Why did Hitler seize Austria?
Wanted to complete the Anschluss and unite all Germans
Main purpose of the United Nations:
Give great powers the authority to ensure the peace
Formed the Rome- Berlin- Tokyo Axis
Germany, Italy, and Japan
During the first winter, French and British troops hunkered down behind the Maginot Line to wait
The German blitzkrieg was military strategy that depended on what advantage?
The German Luftwaffe
RAF stands for
Royal Air Force
Persuaded Congress to pass the Lend Lease Act
Lend Lease Act
Allowed Roosevelt to sell or lend was materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the US
the BIG THREE
Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin
As men joined the military, how did the war industries benefit women?
Provided millions of women with essential jobs
This battle was on of the costliest in the war
The Battle of Stalingrad
Name of the first 2 bombs dropped:
Fat man and Little boy
Five causes of WWII
1) Treaty of Versailles: redrew boundaries and created weak countries
2) Diplomatic Factors: alliances formed, neutrality act, policy of appeasement (peace at any cost)
3) Economical and Political: Great depression, League of Nations weak, Hitler seen as a defense against communism
4) Hitler's Leadership: nonaggression pact with Soviet Union, practice territorial aggression, promoted extreme nationalism, encouraged anti-semiotic scapegoating, mobilization tension
How were El Alamein and Stalingrad turning points?
El Alamein: In Egypt, British General Bernard Montgomery stopped Rommel's advancement, sets up the Allied invasion of Italy and allows them to defeat them in about a month
Stalingrad: Soviets finally defeat Germans and push them out of their country, sets up Soviet Union invasion of Germany
3 reasons why Truman dropped the atomic bombs
1) He was convinced Japan wouldn't surrender and there would be heavy losses on both sides
2) To impress the USSR
3) To see what it could do