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Sarton

American Poet.
Easter, 1968.

Shakespeare

Elizabethan era.
Addresses half is sonnets to a young man and the other half to a dark lady.
Critics question his sexuality and if he wrote all these works.

Donne

Jacobean era.
Chief secretary to Sir Thomas Egerton.
Secretly wed Egerton's niece, Anne More.
Became Anglican priest and was appointed Royal Chaplain.

Milton

Jacobean era.
went completely blind by age 44 from Glaucoma.
used classical (ancient Greek and Roman) references as being from the Renaissance Era, also uses Christian themes from the Reformation Era.

Blake

Romantic era.
Poet, painter, engraver.
Posthumous poet.
Heavily influenced by Milton.
Illustrated many of his poems.
Wrote about innocence versus experience.

Wordsworth

Romantic era.
Felt lonely/isolated as a child, much of his poetry focused on his solitude.
Believed in Pantheism.
With Coleridge, wrote Lyrical Ballads which is the foundation of the Romantic Era in poetry.

Coleridge

Romantic era.
Opium addiction.
Lived in the Lake District close to Wordsworth.
Worked on poetry with Wordsworth.

Shelley

Victorian era.
Ozymandias.
Ode to the West Wind.

Keats

Romantic era.
Only wrote poetry the last few years of his life.
His letters are as well known as his poetry.
Died from TB.
Gravestone didn't say name, said "here lies one whose name was writ in water."

Tennyson

Victorian era.
Total mastery of sound and rhymes of English language.
Nostalgic tones.
First to use dramatic monologue.

Browning

Victorian era.
Use of dramatic monologue.

Arnold

Victorian era.
Dover Beach.

Hardy

Victorian era.
Hap.
Darkling Thrush.

Hopkins

Victorian era.
Jesuit priest.
Saw God in all things.
Used sprung rhythm.

Yeats

Victorian era.
Sailing to Byzantium.

Auden

Modern era.
Musee de Beaux Arts.

Thomas

Modern era.
Fern Hill.
Do Not Go Gentle Into that Good Night.

Bradstreet

Early American Poetry.
Upon the Burning of my House.

Emerson

Early American Poetry.
Use of transcendentalism.

Longfellow

Early American Poetry.
Cross in Snow.

Whitman

Early American Poetry.
Use of transcendentalism.
Contributed greatly to free verse.
Often called the poet of democracy/father of American poetry.
His poems celebrate American values of democracy, equality, and individualism.

Dickinson

Early American Poetry.
Troubled by idea of death at a young age/many family members died.
Felt excluded from her family's strict Calvinist practices.
Believed in God's presence in the beauty of nature rather than in established religion.
Became physically isolated from the community, remained socially active through poetry and letters.
Saw death as a friend.
Controversy over sexuality.
Use of conscious corpse.

Frost

American Poet.
Born in San Francisco.
Teacher, cobbler, and editor of the Sentinel.
Mental illness ran in the family.
Recited a poem at JFK's inauguration.
Gravestone said "I had a lover's quarrel with the world."

Sandburg

American Poet.
Known as "people's poet."
Served in the Spanish American War, used veteran status to receive free education.
Member of "Poor Writers" club.
Socialist.
Was a hobo for a short time.
Labor organizer and journalist, on Hoover's FBI watch list.

Millay

American Poet.
Spring.

Jeffers

American Poet.
Hurt Hawks.
Birds & Fishes.

Eliot

American Poet.
Discovered by Ezra Pound.
Spent much of his life in England.
1st marriage was to a woman who was mentally insane.
Had to overcome physical challenges and limitations as a child (congenital double hernia).
This caused him to be isolated and unsocial.
Fought over by Americans and English.

Cummings

American Poet.
American poet, painter, essayist, author, and playwright.
One of the most popular poets in the 20th century.
Experimented with typography and compound words.

Hughes

American Poet.
Based his poems on the Harlem Renaissance.
Championed civil rights.
American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist.
Integrated Blues music into poetry.
Accused of being Communist.

Ginsberg

American Poet.
Supermarket in California.

Piercy

American Poet.
Barbie Doll.

Plath

American Poet.
Lived in constant fear that people would find out that she was depressed.
Her father was German, but she wasn't positive about his specific origins.
Was an English teacher for 1 year, then receptionist in psychiatric unit of MA General Hospital.
Wrote confessional poetry.
Attempted suicide 3 times throughout her life.
Married a man like her father (Ted Hughes) but got divorced.
Final attempt at suicide was successful, put head in oven and died from carbon monoxide.

Olds

American Poet.
Victims.
Elder Sister.

Komunyakaa

American Poet.
Facing It.

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