Biology Proteins and Enzymes

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Hexokinase

Phosphorylates glucose

Lactate Dehydrogenase

Dehydrogenates lactate

Cytochrome c

Transfers electrons

DNA Polymerase

Replicates and repairs DNA

Ovalbumin

Egg-white protein

Casein

A milk protein

Ferritin

Iron storage in spleen

Gliadin

Seed protein of wheat

Zein

Seed protein of corn

Hemoglobin

Transports O2 in blood of vertebrates

Hemocyanin

Transport O2 in blood of some invertebrates

Myoglobin

Transports O2 in muscles

Serum Albumin

Transports fatty acids in blood

B1-Lipoprotein

Transports lipids in blood

Iron-binding globulin

Transports iron in blood

Ceruloplasmin

Transports copper in blood

Myosin

Thick filaments in myofibril

Actin

Thin filaments in myofibril

Dynein

Cilia and Flagella

Antibodies

Form complexes with foreign proteins

Complement

Complexes with some antigen-antibody systems

Fibrinogen

Precursor of fibrin in blood clotting

Thrombin

Component of clotting mechanisms

Clostridium botulinum

Cause bacterial food poisoning

Diphtheria toxin

Bacterial Toxin

Snake venom

Enzymes that hydrolyze phosphoglycerides

Ricin

Toxin protein of castor bean

Gossypin

Toxin protein of cottonseed

Insulin

Regulates glucose metabolism

Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone

Regulates corticosteriod synthesis

Growth hormone

Stimulates growth of bones

Viral-coat proteins

Sheath around nucleic acid

Glycoproteins

Cell coats and walls

a-Keratin

Skin, feathers, nails, hoofs

Sclerotin

Exoskeletons of insects

Fibroin

Silk of cocoons, spider webs

Collagen

Fibrous connective tissue

Elastin

Elastic connective tissue

Mucoproteins

Mucous secretions, synovial fluid

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