Second Semester US History

63 terms by jworthy14 

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Bracero

Mexican farmers who came to the US to work.

Nisei

Japanese people who were born in America.

Interned

camps in remote areas far from the coast

Banzai Charge

when a soldier would attack as much of the enemy as they could before they got killed themselves.

Fatman / Little Boy

the two atomic bombs dropped on Japan

Where did the Bataan Death Marches take place in?

Philippines

what was the research for the Atomic Bomb called ?

Manhattan Project

Okinawa

considered to be the most costly of all Pacific engagements

Okinawa was closer to Japan than ...

Iwo Jima

Tuskegee Experiment

the flight training of African American during WWII

at the battle of Guadalcanal we suffered from

enemy sniper fire

many zoot-suiters were jailed as a result of

the zoot suit riots

the invasioin of ________ was estimated to take 1 million men and would have half a million casualties

japan

when was V-J Day ?

August 15, 1945

when was V-E Day?

May 8, 1945

two planes that dropped the atomic bombs

Enola Gay & Box Car

War Relocation Authority

the american government set up a committee to take care of the Japanese living in the US.

War Relocation Authority sent many "aliens" to

internment camps

two cities the atomic bombs were dropped on

Hiroshima & Nagasaki

island hopping

the strategy of selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others

The Japanese didn't believe in

surrendering to the enemy

Cold War

a political and military rivalry between two nations that stop before full -scale war.

Berlin Airlifts lasted for

10 months

which country didn't join it's forces with the other allies in West Germany?

USSR

why was the Berlin Blockade implemented?

to get rid of an western sector in Eastern Germany

Joseph McCarthy got condemned for ...

conduct unbecoming of a senator

how did the allies get around the Berlin Blockade ?

Airlift

United States productivity was up after..

WWII

during 1950s people thought that everyone was

spies and sympathizers every where

the Marshall Plan was more expensive than

The Truman Doctrine

North Atlantic Treaty Organization & Warsaw Pact

the two major groups / alliances during the cold war

another name for the Marshall Plan

European Recovery Plan

the name of the division between North and South Korea

38th Parallel

another name for the Korean War

the Forgotten War

Arthur Miller drew parallels between McCarthyism and ______ which he wrote in his book

Salem Witch Trials

how many people were on McCarthy's lists of potential communists?

it was ever changing

Dwight D. Eisenhower

took over office after President Truman

Marshall Plan

to rehabilitate the economics of 17 western and southern European countries

Truman Doctrine

give aid to any country that didnt want to be communist (Greece & Turkey)

Tunnel Rat(s)

soldiers who went down into tunnels to destroy

Guerillas

small groups that did surprise attacks on bigger groups

Punji Trap

a hole in the ground with spikes in them. spikes had poison on the tips. usually hidden so you could not see them.

The Limited Test Ban Treaty

banned nuclear testing above ground

My Lai Massacre

vietnam soldiers who were overstressed acted out in this event

The Golf of Tonkin Resolution

a piece of legislation that gave Johnson the power to conduct military attacks in Vietnam

Blockaded Cuba

US retaliation to the missiles on Cuba

The Golf of Tonkin

didnt really happen

many Buddhists were upset with Diems rule in

South Vietnam

The US was better supplied than

The Viet Cong

Kennedy was shot from a

book depository

Napalm was used extensively in

Vietnam

The Bay of Pigs

where the Cuban exiles land for their invasion of Cuba ( not successful)

Yuri Gagarin

first man in outer space

Lee Harvey Oswald

credited for the assassination of JFK

Jack Ruby

killed Lee Harvey Oswald

17th Parallel

the name of the division between North & south Vietnam

Ho Chi Mihn Trial

a supply route that passed through Laos and Cambodia

Napalm

a jellylike substance was dropped from airplanes and would burn uncontrollably

Agent Orange

it would kill leaves and thick undergrowth

first two satellites put into outer space

Sputnik I & Explorer I

Tet

the Vietnamese New Year

why Nixon looked so bad during TV debates

1. looked pale. refused make-up 2. had a bad 5 o'cock shadow & used cheap cover up, made it worse. 3. had a staph infection

what did the US do to catch up to the Soviet Union when it came to the space race?

1. started pumping $ into Math and Science 2.emphasized the study of math, science & foreign lang. 3. national defense education act

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