Cultural History Stages 35 - 38 CS Quiz CSCP

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Latin Quiz Cambridge Latin Source for the cultural readings from Stage 35 through Stage 38.

Villa

roman house

thermae

bath complex

hypocaustum

heating area in baths

apodyterium

entry / changing room in baths

caldarium

hot plunge bath (scalding)

tepidarium

warm (tepid) bath

frigidarium

large cold (frigid) pool

otium

leisure, time off

negotium

business (negotiations)

studium

intellectual pursuit (studies)

epistulae commendaticiae

brief introduction (a letter often delivered by travelers from influential persons)

cera

wax tablet

charta

page of papyrus

volumen

scroll (how books were kept)

amanuenses

secretaries (do the planning and speed up negotium)

notarius

scribe slave (slave of letters)

librarius

scribe slave (slave of letters)

servus ab epistulis

slave of letters (scribe slave)

SAL

salutem - greetings, hello

SD

salutem dicit - formal greeting

SPD

salutem plurimam dicit - happy about greeting a companion

SVBE

si vales, bene est, - conclusion of a letter, If you are good, it is well

vale

good-bye, end, conclusion (post body)

cura ut valeas

Take care that you are well (post body)

recitationes

public recitations

auditorium

listening (auditori'ing) room

recitator

reciter of the poem

praefatio

short (brief, often sharp) introduction by the recitator

epigramma

letter

consilium

Emperors council

amici principis

Friends of the Emperor (Emperors Council)

sententia

opinion (asked of each the consilium members for theirs)

cursus honorum

course of honor (in which Roman hierarchy of government is established)

Suo anno

to gain a position in one's year, at the earliest age they can possibly do so

Senatus

senate elected by counsels

Senatores

senators

equites

Equestrian Order (lower 2 classes of Rome)

Plebs

the general body of free land-owning Roman citizens. Includes patricians

magistratus

Elected officials of Rome. Included king

imperium

authority (or empire)

auctoritas

the level (authority) one has in society

fasces

bundle of sticks

patricii

A member of one of the noble families of the ancient Roman Republic, which before the third century b.c. had exclusive rights to the Senate and the magistracies

vigintivir

Every year 20 men elected as vigintivirs (junior officials) assisting with tasks

tribunus militum

In the following year each of them went abroad

quaestor

On returning home, if one desired to continue Cursus Honorum they were quastores (managing money, lasted one year, qualified men for senate)

tribunus plebis

After a year interval, an ex-quaestor would become one of 10 tribunes of the people (plebs)

aediles

ex-quaestors could be appointed one of 6 aedilis, responsible for public upkeep of buildings

praetor

ran Roman Law courts, or maybe govern one of twenty-eight provinces (excluding 10 most important). governors of province lasted three years

consul

highest position in cursus honorum. Two at a time, changed at one year intervals. Supervised government business

legatus

general in the Roman Army, member of senatorial rank

interrex

a ruler between (inter) kings for a short period

magister equitum

served as Dictators side kick

dictator

ruled the land entirely (prior to empire)

princeps

"first citizen" (during beginning of empire)`

imperator

emperor of the mid-late empire

Caesar Augustus

Octavius - the first emperor of rome died in 14 AD

paterfamilias

father

dos

dowry- a payment in money or property made by the brides family to the husbands

sponsalia

ceremony of betrothal or engagement

manus

control that man had in marriage

cum manu

earlier form of marriage where bride completely dissociates with her family and goes to her husbands

sine manu

partial disconnection of bride and her family

confarreatio

ceremony in which bride and groom share a cake made of grain (far)

far

grain that made up the cake

iunctio dextarum

the symbolic joining of hands

cena nuptialis

the wedding feast (at brides house)

bulla

a locket or chain removed by bride evening before wedding

lares

the shelter of the homes to which bullas and other childish belongings were dedicated

flammeum

the flame colored bridal veil

haruspex

sacrificed and made omens at wedding

matronae univrae

a woman who undressed the bride (this woman had only had one husband)

o hymen

song sung to rejoice that the hymen may now be broken

ubi tu Gauis, ego gaia

the traditional words of wife to her husband

Cicero

106 BC - 43 BC; was a Roman philosopher, statesman, lawyer, orator, political theorist, Roman consul and constitutionalist. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the equestrian order, and is widely considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists

Agricola

40 - 93 CE was a Roman general responsible for much of the Roman conquest of Britain.

Martial

was a Latin poet from Hispania (the Iberian Peninsula) best known for his twelve books of Epigrams, published in Rome between AD 86 and 103, during the reigns of the emperors Domitian, Nerva and Trajan. In these short, witty poems he cheerfully satirises city life and the scandalous activities of his acquaintances, and romanticises his provincial upbringing.

nuptiae

wedding

Pliny the Younger

better known as Pliny the Younger, was a lawyer, author, and magistrate of Ancient Rome. Pliny's uncle, Pliny the Elder, helped raise and educate him. They were both witnesses to the eruption of Vesuvius on 24 August 79 AD. He is known for his letters which survived

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