Any work of prose that is a product of the imagination
Develops a single incident of crisis in a compact, unified way
Time, place, and mood of the action of the story
The people, animals, or creatures that take part in the action of the story
The main character in the story
The person(s) in conflict with the main character. This isn't awalys the "villain" of the story.
The person telling the story. He/She may/may not be a character in the story.
The sequence of events in the story
Struggle between opposing forces that must be resolved in the plot of a story
4 Types of Conflict
Person vs. person, person vs. nature, person vs. self, person vs. society
Introduces the central conflict and devlops it in a story
Time, place, and mood of a story
The highest emotional point of the story
The final unraveling of the plot. It includes the falling action and is also known as the resolution.
Involves the methods a writer uses to provide the reader with information about the characters in a story
The author gives us direct information about a character in a story (ex: Lucy was tall for her age.)
The author shows us action and lets us draw our own conclusions about a character (ex: Even though Lucy was only 10 years old, she exceeded 5'5" and was thet tallest person in her grade.)
5 Methods of Characterization
What the character says, does, thinks/feels, looks like, and what others say about the character
A character that does not change his/her personality or emotions throught the story
A character who changes throughout a story. The character most likely experiences some kind of conflict and changes from this conflict.
First-Person Point of View
One of the characters narrates the story. Uses "I" in the story.
Limited Third-Person Point of View
The narrator describes what only one character sees, feels, and thinks in a story
Omniscient Third-Person Point of View
The narrator knows everything about every character and can describe what any character sees, feels, and thinks
When a writer uses objects or things to represent ideas or emotions
The use of clues to give readers a hint of events that will occur later on in the story
The main idea of a literary work; the universal truths suggested by specifics in a story; the message the author wants to communicate to the reader
The author's attitude toward his or her characters and the subject. Tone is conveyed through language.
A unique way of expressing an idea or emotion using highly concise, musical, and emotionally charged language
Written in vivid, musical language. It is verse that expresses a poet's thoughts and feelings about a single image or idea.
Tells a stroy. Includes plot, character, and setting
The repetition of the same consonant sounds at the beginning of words
The repetition of syllable sounds
The pattern of end rhymes in a poem
What poets use to create pictures with words
Focuses on the sounds the words in a poem make. It is the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Helps readers picture something familiar in a new way
A comparison using the words: like, as, than, resembles
Compares two unlike things directly, without using "like" or "as"
Used to give human qualities to an idea, animal, or object
The use of words that sound like what they mean. Ex: "Hiss" and "Slurp"
A formal division of lines in a poem and is considered a single unit. Many poems are divided into stanzas that are separated by spaces.