Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communists after 1924, and dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition.
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy. (p. 786)
This fascist dictator was the leader of the Nazi Party. He believed that strong leadership was required to save Germanic society, which was at risk due to Jewish, socialist, democratic, and liberal forces.
Hitler's expansionist theory based on a drive to acquire "living space" for the German people
Germany and the Soviet Union signed this pact and promised not to attack each other. Germany offered Stalin control of Eastern Poland and the Baltic States.
Battle of Britainan
Aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance.
Battle of Guadalcanal
(1942-1943) First Offensive in the Pacific
World War II battle in the Pacific; it represented the first Allied counter-attack against Japanese forces for Japanese held territory ; Allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon the island
the japaense attacked the american forces with four savage attacks and were repulsed, with horrendous losses on both sides
War Starts For US!
Axis Attack: United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
Lend Lease Act
Approved by Congress in March 1941; The act allowed America to sell, lend or lease arms or other supplies to nations considered "vital to the defense of the United States."
Miracle at Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a TURNING POINT in World War II
A German word for broken glass; an event that occured on the nights on November 9 and 10 in which Hitler's nazis encouraged Germans to riot against Jews, and nearly 100 jews died.
final solution of the Jewish question-murder of every single Jew-had begun-mass arresting, and trafficking of Jews to the concentration camps-mass killings occurred as well in the gas chambers
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
World War II (1942), British victory in Africa; defeat of Rommel; Britain and America given upper hand in Africa
Clark Airbase attacked, POWs taken to prison camp on the Bataan Death March
The secret plan to develop the Atomic Bomb
Italy, Germany, Japan
US, USSR, Italy, France, Britain
extermination of Jews, Poles, Russians, and gypsies by the Nazi's during WWII
relocation camps for Japanese-Americans during WWII
Carried out through Executive Order 9066, which took many Japanese families away from their homes and into internment camp. Motivated (somewhat) by racisim and fear of spies
Bataan Death March
Japenese forced about 60,000 of americans and philippines to march 100 miles with little food and water, most died or were killed on the way
Allied forces under dwight d. eisenhower landed on the beaches of normandy in history's greatest naval invasion.
Site of 1st Atomic Bomb, killing 70,000+ Japanease citizens
Site of 2nd Atomic Bomb, killing 40,000+ Japanease citizens
Japanese attack Pearl Harbor; U.S. enters WWII
Balance of Power
the theory and practice of distributing politically and military strength evenly among several nations so that no one of them becomes too strong or dangerous
Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
Japanese name for the Asian empire they hoped to gain; based on cooperation and success, but in reality was brutally oppressive to all but Japanese
Area to the west of Germany; deemed nonmilitarized by Treaty of Versailles;1936, Germany marches troops in; French angry, Britain more worried about Russia, U.S. still isolationist
1938 - Germany, Britain, France, Italy; all want to appease Hitler and make him stop advancing; Hitler agrees in exchange for part of Czechoslovakia
Alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability. Example = Munich Conference.
Efforts to get Hitler to stop by giving him a little of what he wanted.
Neutrality Act of 1939
Allowed European democracies to buy American war materials on a "cash-and-carry" basis.
Fall of France
Made the United States realize that only Britain stood between Hitler and a US invasion.
• World War II opened with the German invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939
WAR STARTS FOR EUROPE
• After Poland had been overrun, a government-in-exile, an armed forces, and an intelligence service were established outside of Poland
• These organizations contributed to the Allied effort throughout the war. The Polish Army was recreated in the West, as well as in the East (after German invasion of the Soviet Union)
Destroyers for Bases Deal
Roosevelt's compromise for helping Britain as he could not sell Britain US destroyers without defying the Neutrality Act; Britain received 50 old but still serviceable US destroyers in exchange for giving the US the right to build military bases on British Islands in the Caribbean.
Battle of the Coral Sea (1942)
Allied naval and air power stopped the Japanese advance and also relieved Australia from the threat of invasion. This victory was followed by the Battle of Midway Island.
What event starts war for Europe?
Gemany and later Soviets invade/destroy Poland
What event starts war for US
Pearl Harbor: the Axis Attack
What was the turning point for Allies?
Miracle at Midway: June 1942
What was the first offensive in the Pacific for Allies?
WWII strategy of conquering only certain Pacific islands that were important to the Allied advance toward Japan
(1942)The German advance into Russia was stopped at Stalingrad by the cold and cruel Russian winter and stiff Russian resistance. With the German defeat at Stalingrad, Hitler lost all hope of defeating Russia.
North African invasion (1942)secret attack, largest waterborne effort, axis powers (germans and italians) surrendered
Italian campaign (1943)The allied campaign to take Sicily/Italy. It took 18 months, from 1943-1944. Italy surrendered after many beach landings and other dangerous tactics.
Battle of the Bulge
Battle of the Bulge (1945)Last Major Offensive by Germans, Largest Battle with US. Hitler tries o take out US with another Dunkirk tactic. US punch out cross Rhine and moved to Germany. Once Skies were clear, Germans were done.
SLOWS ADVANCE DECEMBER OF 1944
Causes of WWII
Inventions key to WWII
Radar and Sonar
What supplies (EMBARGO) did US cut off from Japan?
steel and oil
Battle of the Bulge
December, 1944-January, 1945 - After recapturing France, the Allied advance became stalled along the German border. In the winter of 1944, Germany staged a massive counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile "bulge" into the Allied lines. The Allies stopped the German advance and threw them back across the Rhine with heavy losses.
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
Mussolini's invasion of Ethiopia, Hitler's invasion of Czechoslovakia, and Franco's overthrow of the republican government of Spain were all part of what?
Fascist aggression in the 1930s