"Even a child makes himself known by his acts, by whether his conduct is pure and upright."
The idea of manners is based on 3 principles:
1. Respect for others' authority; 2. Respecting worth of others; 3. Integrity of the family
finding humor in body (crude)
Identify 3 ways in which was was fought differently than it is today.
1. Only warriors fight, not citizens; considered bad if citizens fought in wars. 2. Wars needed a just and acceptable reason to be fought. They weren't just for fun. 3. People who fought needed to obey laws (warriors).
T/F Chivalry is a behavior of long ago and far away. It does not exist today.
False. People still use Chivalric behavior today, although it is not as common anymore.
List the 4 Feudal estates in the medieval period and identify the responsibility of each.
1. Nobility: Responsible for government and military (King/Emperor...) 2. Clergy: Responsible for dedication to Church (Patriarchs/Bishops...) 3. Yeoman: Responsible for trade and farming (Peasants/Merchants...) 4. Disenfranchised: Bound to someone over you. Responsible for labor (Mendicants/Liege...)
Identify the 2 main vows that Monks would take.
Poverty and Chastity
Where Monks lived; where they had chapel. Had dining halls, garden, scriptorium, etc. Also served as hospitals.
Monk who copied books
Room where a monk copies his books
Religious ceremonies of the church
List the 3 sacraments which a priest had authority to administer.
Marriage, Baptism, and the Lord's Supper (communion)
Describe the function and purpose of a monastery.
Place where monks could be separated from the world to worship and serve God. served as hospital. where monks lived and had chapel. Had kitchens, dormitories, laboratories, etc.
How was the caste system of the Medieval Period different from all other caste systems?
Because it was relationship based, everyone in Medieval Caste system was connected and responsible to and for someone
How did the Gospel radically transform the society of Europe and Northern Africa during the Medieval Period
Before Gospel - depression, 98% slaves, After Gospel - Christianity brought freedom to slaves and others
Why did so few people own books during the Medieval Period?
only rich people and monks/clergy owned them. Everyone else went to hear them be read.
Early books were written on...
Papyrus, parchment, rag paper, and vellum
Describe the process in which vellum was made.
animal skins soaked in water then lyme powder. then hair is scraped off from skin and dried in sun. process repeated until it was flexible and able to write on
Pens were natural quills from
geese, crow, and turkey
what color ink was available?
black blue red and gold
list the 3 main books found during the Medieval Period
Bible, Psalters, Book of Hours
Why did most books not have the name of the copyist or the date that it was copied?
So the glory would go to God and not to themselves. and God is timeless.
Monks worked in small cubicles called ______. They spoke the words _____ _____ as they wrote them.
carols, out, loud
A manuscript was called illuminated when it had
an artistic design on the page
light (bright, shine)
pictures helped _____ ________ to the meaning of the text
a true illuminated text will have not just color, but
light ________ off this gold and thus illuminated the page
why were illuminated letters used?
pictures give light to the meaning of the text
unique styles of illumination developed in different parts of Europe, but there were 6 basic forms of decoration:
animal and human figures, branches with leaves and berries, geometric designs, ornamental letters, plaits and braids, and scrollwork
side where you enter the cathedral
eastern termination of a cathedral
entry hall area
walkway around the apse
carved doorway into the cathedral
area where congregation sits
compex at the end of a cathedral that includes amulatory, apse, and chapel
sides off the crossing that form a cross where nave, transepts, and choir intersect
north and south transepts
smaller area for worship and prayer
decorated screen dividing the nave from the choir
center area where the Lord's Table is
area where monks once lived; walkway around a center garden
where preaching takes place
intersection of nave, transepts, and choir
where the Scriptures are read
Three storied structures
third floor of a triforium structure
romanesque architecture feeling
gothic architecture feeling
cathedrals were used as a place of worship and usually located in
the center of a town
every aspect of a cathedral was meant to serve as a
testimony of Christ
romanesque architecture was known for _____ walls and _____ _____ ceilings with few windows
short, very, low
flying buttresses were found on the _____ of the cathedral