Ch4 Meyers Practice

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An organism's complete set of genetic instructions is called the

genome

Compared with fraternal twins, identical twins are

more similar in their risk of Alzheimer's and more similar in risk of being emotional unstable

Adoptive parents are LEAST likely to influence the " " of their adopted children.

personality traits

Intense and reactive infants become unusually anxious and aroused when facing new or strange situations. This best illustrates the importance of

temperament

In emphasizing that heredity's effects on behavior depend on a person's home environment, psychologists are highlighting the importance of

nature-nurture interactions

Which of the following is a major source of genetic diversity?

mutations

The prevalence of genetically predisposed traits that have a reproductive advantage is best explained in terms of

natural selection

It has been suggested that older men in all cultures tend to marry women younger than themselves because men are genetically predisposed to seek female features associated with youthful fertility. This suggestion best illustrates

an evolutionary perspective

Premature babies are especially likely to gain weight if stimulated by

touch and massage

At a business meeting, people from one culture behave in a hurried and time-conscious manner that people from another culture consider to be rude and inconsiderate. This best illustrates the importance of being sensitive to differing

norms

Displays of self-effacing humility are most characteristic of those who value

collectivism

Ove the last century, Western parents have placed " " priority on teaching children to respect and obey their parents and " " priority on teaching them loyalty to their country.

decreasing; decreasing

Over the past decades, women have been increasingly expected to take responsibility for political leadership. This best illustrates a change in

gender roles

The acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role is called

gender typing

Concepts of masculinity and femininity that influence our perceptions are called gender

schemas

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