Contact w/ the mystery of God. Faith begins as a freely given gift from God.
"to call out of". The Greek word for "Church" used in the New Testament. Referred to any legislative assembly.
Marks of the Church
One, holy, catholic, and apostolic.
"to be set apart"
Universal, in totality, in keeping with the whole. Church= describes the Church which accepts the leadership of the pope. church= the fact that the Church is for all people in all times and in all places.
Requires that no bishop teach anything that is contrary to what has been handed down by his predecessors.
A Vatican II document that describes the church as a cultivated field.
The attempt to reconcile or blend the beliefs and practices of various religions into one.
Another of the religious groups of Jews in Jesus' day. The Sadduccees were religiously conservative. They rejected all religious teaching which was not from the Torah, including belief in the resurrection of the dead. They were willing to accept many elements of Roman culture.
One of the four main religious groups of Jews in Jesus' day. The faith of the Pharisee was based on scripture and on Jewish oral tradition. The Pharisees believed that faith should shape everyday life. They were particularly concerned with making Judaism relevant under Roman rule.
The strictest of the four main Jewish groups of Jesus' day. The Essenes lived celibately, interpreted every law in the strictest way possible, and separated themselves from all who did not live as they did.
Jews living in Jesus; time who believed that God called them to overthrow the Roman government in Palestine.
A representative body of bishops assembled periodically by the pope to advise him on important Church concerns. It is not a legislative body.
Those Christians who refused to respond to Decius's decree to offer sacrifices to Roman gods.
Those Jews who were more open to Greek and Roman influences and who were more willing to allow their faith and religious practice to be shaped to some extent by the culture around them.
A term sometimes used to refer to all Jews. More specifically, Hebrews were those who insisted on maintaining the purity of Judaism, strictly adhering to all of the customs of their ancestors.
Those truths which the Church teaches have been specifically revealed by God. Acceptance of dogma is essential for complete faith and the deepest possible relationship with God. Denial of dogma is heresy.
An official teaching if the Church.
A name for those books which have been accepted by the Church as normative for faith.
The bishops, acting in unison with the pope, by virtue of their ordination, constitute the magisterium. The magisterium is the teaching authority of the Church.
"Defender of the faith." Christians who worked hard to dispel the false rumors about Christianity and to make Christianity appear both reasonable and acceptable to non-Christians.
A false belief that claimed that although Jesus had a human body, he had no human soul.
The term literally means "choice." A heresy is a conscious, deliberate, and persistent or public denial y a member of the Church of one or more of the truth of faith (dogma).
Literally, "of God."
A false belief that stated that Jesus was created by God but was not divine.
A gathering of all the Catholic bishops of the world. The word "ecumenical" pertains to a theological recognition of and willingness to learn from those of different faith traditions. Ecumenical councils determine those things which all the local churches (dioceses) will hold in common.
The most severe penalty within the Church. A person who is excommunicated is separated from the communion of other Catholics. He or she cannot receive the sacraments of hold certain positions within the Church.
Council of Trent
Ruled that Gentile Christians did not have to follow the entire Jewish law. Responded to Luther and the Protestant Reformers.
The story of God's action in human history. Refers to the events through which God makes humanity aware of himself and brings humanity into his kingdom. It begins with the creation of the world and will end with the Second Coming of Christ.
Council of Jerusalem
Ruled that Gentile Christians did not have to follow the entire Jewish law.
Second Vatican Council
1962. The largest of any ecumenical council. The Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy emphasizes the importance of the full participation of both the clergy and the laity in the liturgy. Declared that membership in the People of God is not limited to those who have been baptized. Guadium et Spes resulted from this council.
Established the basic Catholic understanding that Human progress is part of God's plan for creation.
Clement of Alexandria
Saw faith and reason as part of a single whole. Attempted to establish connections between Christianity and Greek philosophy.
Said that Christians were free to speculate in any area for which there was no specific teaching.
Said that the scriptures belong to the Church and heretics have no right to interpret them in a way that contradicts the Church.
Infallible Teaching (Infallibility)
A spiritual attribute possessed by the Church as a whole ensuring that the Church will never cease to be the body of Christ on earth. More commonly used to refer to the special attribute possessed by the pope and by the college of bishops in communion with the pope which ensures that when they speak on matters of faith and morals they are free of error.
Benedict of Nursia
Most significant contribution to monasticism was his Benedictine Rule which was based on prayer and work.
Francis of Assisi
Received permission from the pope to found his order (Franciscans).
Developed in response to the needs of a poor and mobile community.
In the NE United States and in Canada helped the Hurons identify many similarities between Christianity and their own religion.
Sharing the good news. Evangelization involves proclaiming the gospel in such a way that people's hearts and lives are changed
A style of Christian life which stresses communal living and communal worship along with private prayer, silence,poverty, chastity, and obedience.
Christians of about the 4th century who chose to live an ascetic life of prayer, fasting, and abstinence. The teachings of these men (and women) had a profound impact on the theology and spirituality of the Church and on the development of monasticism.
Strict self-denial as a means of spiritual discipline. Christian ascents imitate Christ's life of self-sacrifice in order to live the gospel more faithfully.
Liturgy of the hours
The prayer of the Church; it is also known as the divine office. The liturgy of the hours utilizes the scriptures, particularly the psalms, for specific times of the day from early morning to late evening.
The universal moral law which God has given to all people and which can be known by the power of reason alone.
St. Elizabeth Ann Seton
1st American born saint,was a single mother who dedicated her life to helping the poor and educating the young.
She is the 1st non-martyred American saint.She founded the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart.
John F. Kennedy
A strong believer in Catholic education. He convinced his fellow clergy to fund Georgetown.
One of the best known Jesuit missionaries, grew up in Asuncion and spoke the language of the native people. He taught European agriculture methods and the basics of Christianity.
He would assemble the people by standing in an open field and beating drum. When they had gathered he would tell them the story of Jesus' life, death, and resurrection, accompanied by music and song.
St. Anthony of Egypt
St. Thomas Aquinas
The Church's greatest theologian.
Used the church for his own ends; appointing bishops as he did generals. He was crowned by Pope Leo III.
Missionaries of Charity. Continued her religious life in Calcutta.
What are we saying when we say that we "believe in one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church"?
We believe in the Trinity, God and that the Church is one and holy altogether. We believe in the Church being universal and open to anyone and everyone, and that we are in practice in keeping with the apostles received from Jesus and handed on to others.
Explain why Catholics believe that faith in God cannot be separated from a relationship with the Church.
We believe that where the Church is, God is. They go hand in hand and would not function without the other.
What is faith? How does it begin?
The contact with the mystery of God. Faith begins as a freely given gift from God.
Why are formal structures such as creeds, doctrines, and rituals a necessary part of Christian faith?
They help establish, express, and maintain their identities as believers.
What are dogmas? What can and what cannot change in a statement of dogma?
Describe the spread of Christianity in three different times and places.
In what ways did Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria, Tertullian, and Origen shape Christianity?
What was St. Benedict's biggest contribution to the Church?
His Rule which was based on prayer and work.
What means of converting people to Christianity were used by the Jesuits in South America and in Canada?
Identify the Seven Catholic Social Justice Principles and apply a scenario to each.