Medical Root Words

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197 terms

Adenoid/o

Adenoids

Aden/o

Glands

Amni/o

Amnion

Adomen/o

Abdomen

Acr/o

Extremities

Adip/o

Fat

Alb/o

Albino

Abumin/o

Albumin

Amyl/o

Starch

Angi/o

Vessel

Ankyl/o

Crooked/fused

Anter/o

Anterior/before

Aort/o

Aorta

Append(ic)/o

Appendix

Arteri/o

Artery

Arthr/o

Joint

Articul/o

Joint

Atel/o

Imperfect

Ather/o

Yellow, fatty plaque

brachy

short

bronch(i)/o

windpipe

bucc/o

cheek

burs/o

bursa

calc/i

calcium

calcane/o

heel

carcin/o

cancer

cardi/o

heart

carp/o

carpus/wrist

caud/o

tail

cec/o

cecum

cephal/o

head

cerebr/o

brain

cervic/o

neck

chlor/o

green

chol/e*

bile (but usually used to refer to gallbladder)

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

chondr/o

cartilage

chori/o

fetal covering

clavicul/o

clavicle

coccyg/o

coccyx

col/o

colon

colp/o

hollow/vagina

cost/o

rib

crani/o

cranium/skull

cry/o

cold

crypt/o

hide/conceal

cutane/o

skin

cyan/o

blue

cyst/o

cyst, bladder

cty/o (-cyte)

cell

dactyl/o

finger, toe

dent/i, dent/o

teeth

derm/a, dermat/o

skin

dextr/o

right

dips/o

thirst

disc/o

disk/disc

dist/o

distant from origin

dors/o

direct on/toward the back

duoden/o

duodenum

ech/o

sound

electr/o

electricity

encephal/o

brain

enter/o

intestine

erythr/o

red

esophag/o

esophagus

esthesi/o

feeling

femor/o

femur

fet/o

fetus

fibr/o

fiber

fibul/o

fibula

front/o

forehead/front

galact/o

milk

gastr/o

stomach

genit/o

genitals

glomerul/o

glomerulus

gloss/o

tongue

glyc/o

sweet/sugar

gnath/o

jaw

granul/o

grain/particle

gynec/o

female

hem/a, hem/o, hemat/o

blood

hepat/o

liver

hist/o

tissue

hom/o

same, common

humer/o

humerus

hydr/o

water

hyster/o

uterus, womb

ile/o

ileum (sm. intestine)

ili/o

ilium (hip bone)

infer/o

lowermost/below

intestin/o

intestine

irid/o

colored circle/iris

ischi/o

ischium (hip)

jejun/o

jejunum

labi/o

lip

lacrim/o

tear/crying

lact/o

milk

lapar/o

flank/abdominal wall

laryng/o

larynx

later/o

side

leuc/o, leuk/o

white

lingu/o, gloss/o

tongue

lip/o, adip/o

fat

lith/o

stone

lob/o

lobe

lumb/o

lower back

lymph/o

lymph/lymphatics

mamm/o, mast/o

breast

medi/o

middle

melan/o

black

men/o

month

mening/o

membrane

metr/i

uterine tissue

mon/o

one/only

muc/o

mucus

muscul/o, my/o

muscle

myc/o

fungus

myel/o

marrow/ spinal cord

narc/o

sleep/numbness

nas/o

nose

necr/o

dead/corpse

nephr/o

kidney

neur/o

nerves

odont/o

teeth

odyn/o

pain/distress

onc/o

bulk/tumor

oophor/o

ovary

ophthalm/o

eye

or/o

mouth

orchi/o

testicle

orth/o

straight

oste/o

bone

pancreat/o

pancreas

patell/o

patella

path/o

disease

pelv/i

pelvis

periton/o

peritoneum

pharmac/o

drugs/medicine

pharyng/o

pharynx

phleb/o

vein

phon/o

sound/voice

phot/o

light

phren/o

mind/diaphragm

pleur/o

pleura

poster/o

posterior/toward back

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