muscular system medix

60 terms by hollystella 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

myosclerosis

Hardening of a muscle

torticollis

stiff neck

myorrhaphy

suturing of a muscle

epimysium

outter covering of a muscle

perimysium

outer covering of small bundles of muscle fibers

endomysium

covering of each muscle fiber

synergist

a muscle functioning in cooperation with another muscle

agonist

a contracting muscle

antagonist

a muscle that oposes the agonist

tendon

attaches muscle to bone

ligament

connects bones to other bones at a joint

myocele

hernation of a muscle

myotrophy

wasting away of a muscle

muscle

tissue composed of fibers that are capable of contraction

myalgia

pain in the muscle

myocyle

muscle cell

myogenesis

formation of muscle cells

myology

study of muscle

myopathy

disease of a muscle

myoplasty

surgical repair of a muscle

myorrhexis

tearing of a muscle

myomalagia

oftening of a muscle

myolysis

destruction of a muscle

sprain

traumatic injury to tendons, muscles, or ligaments around a joint

strain

overstretching of a muscle

achilles tendon

major tendon of the heel

sartorius

muscle that extends from pelvis to calf

muscle tone

partial state of contraction

contracture

permanent contracting of a muscle

tendonitis

infalmmation of a tendon

myoischemia

lack of oxygen in muscle tissue, due to lack of blood supply

myoedema

swelling of a muscle

physical therapy

branch of medicine that deals with the restoration of strength and function to injured structures

myodynia

pain in the muscle

striated

striped appearance of muscles

fascia

band of fibrous connective tissue that covers, supports, and seperates muscle

kinesology

study of muscular activity and movement of body parts

tonus

normal state of balanced muscle tension present in body when one is awake

flexion

decreasing the angle between two bones or bending a limb at a joint

extension

increasing the angle between two bones or straightening a joint

hyperextension

overextension of a limb or body part beyond its normal limit

elevation

lifting a body part

depression

lowering a body part

rotation

circular movement around an axis

circumduction

circular movement of a limb at the far end

supination

rotating the arm or leg so the palm of the hand or sole of the foot is turned upward or forward

pronation

rotating the arm or leg so the palm of the hand or sole of the foot is turned downward or backward

muscle origin

place where the muscle originates

muscle insertion

place where the muscle ends

electromyography

records the strength of muscle contractions as the result of electrical stimulation

epicondylitis

inflammation of tissues around the elbow

ataxia

inability to coordinate the muscles in the execution of voluntary movement

hypertrophy

over development of a muscle

myofibrils

skeletal muscle fibers

atonic

lacking normal muscle tone

dystonia

abnormal muscle tone

myotonia

delayed relaxation of a muscle after a strong contraction

myasthenia gravis

autoimmune disorder characterized by muscle weakness, chiefly of muscles innervated by cranial nerves

myonecrosis

death of individual muscle fibers

viseralgia

pain in the visvera

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set