Patient Care chpt 13 - 15

Created by bkbrogdon 

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Base of Support

Foundation on which a body rests or stands; when a person is standing, the feet and the space between them

Biomechanics

study of the laws of physics, specifically the laws of mechanics, as they apply to living bodies at rest and in motion

Center of Gravity

hypothetical point around which all mass appears to be concentrated

Mobility Muscles

muscles that are found in the four extremities and that are designed for movement; biceps femoris

Orthostatic Hypotension

Drop in blood pressure when a person stands up quickly from a sitting or supine position

Stability Muscles

muscles that support the torso and are designed to provide postural stability; latissimus dorsi

Ambulatory

able to walk

Anteroposterior

direction of x-ray beam from front to back

Artifact

substance or structure not naturally present but of which an authentic image appears on a radiograph

Axial Projection

Any projection not at right angles to the long axis of an anatomic structure

Empathy

recognition of and entering into the feelings of another person

Flexion

Act of bending or condition of being bent

Geriatric

Pertaining to the treatment of the aged

Immobilization

Act of rendering immovable

Neonate

newborn infant

Pediatric

Pertaining to the branch of medicine that treats children

Plantar Surface

sole of the foot

Rapport

relation of harmony and accord between two persons

Restraint

hindrance of an action (movement)

Trauma

wound or injury

Apnea

cessation of spontaneous ventilation

Auscultation

listening to sounds of the body, typically through the use of a stethoscope

Atelectasis

absence of gas from part or the whole of the lungs as a result of failure of expansion or reabsorption of gas from the alveoli

Body Temperature

measurement of the degree of heat of the deep tissues of the human body

Bradycardia

slowness of the heartbeat as evidenced by slowing of the pulse rate to less than 60 beats per minute

Bradypnea

abnormal slowness of breathing

Diaphoresis

profuse sweating

Diastolic

pertaining to dilation, or a period of dilatation, of the heart, especially of the ventricles

Dyspnea

difficult or labored breathing

Febrile

pertaining to or characterized by fever

Homeostasis

constancy in the internal environment of the body, naturally maintained by adaptive responses that promote healthy survival

Hypertension

persistently high arterial blood pressure

Hyperthermia

abnormally high body temperature, especially that induced for therapeutic purposes

Hypotension

abnormally low blood pressure; seen in shock but not necessarily indicative of shock

Hypothermia

low body temperature

Hypoxemia

decreased oxygen tension (concentration) in the blood

Hypoxia

the reduction of exygen supply to the tissue

Intubation

Insertion of a tubular device into a canal, hollow organ, or cavity

Pleural Effusion

increased amounts of fluid within the pleural cavity, usually the result of inflammation

Pneumothorax

presence of air or gas in the pleural cavity

Pulse Oximeter

photoelectric device used for determining the oxygen saturation of the blood

Sphygmomanometer

instrument for measuring blood pressure

Systolic

pertaining to contraction, or a period of contraction, of the heart (myocardium), especially that of the ventricles

Tachycardia

rapidity of the heart action, usually defined as a heart rate greater than 100 beats per minute

Tachypnea

abnormal rapidity of breathing

Ventilation

mechanical movement of air into and out of the lungs

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