Large Animal Med 7 - Test 1

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3 ENGLISH BREEDS (DOMINANT)
-Horned or Polled

shorthorn (polled or horned)
angus (ONLY POLLED)
Hereford (polled or horned)

Romagnola
-Color
-Hearty?
-Significant Finding
-Horned or Polled

Grey
-VERY HEARTY
-DEWLAP
-HORNED (but often removed)
-

Belgian Blue and White

DOUBLE MUSCLED

Piedmont Tease

DOUBLE MUSCLED

Charolais
-Significant Finding
-A __ breed
-Color
-Beef or Dairy

DOUBLE MUSCLED
-Continental
-RED (BUT HAVE GENE that DILUTES color and appears WHITE)
-BEEF
-

3 double muscled breeds --HAVE LEANER MEAT

Piedmontease
Belgian Blue and White
Charlois

Sussex Cattle appearance
-Butcher at what age

Completely brown
-22 months

Limousine
-Color
-Hearty?

Red
-Not as hearty as CHAROLAIS

http://www.virmp.org/

internship stuff

Sheep vs Goat

Sheep tail points down

Belgian Blue and White
-Colors
-Traits
-Problem with Breed
-How to correct problem

Color= blue/white but can be black/white
-DOUBLE MUSCLED
-100% CALVING Difficulty
-70% born by CAESAREAN SECTION
-BREED pure breed with a NON-PURE BREED

Salers
-Breed or Dairy
-Color
-Known for

-Beef Breed= great meat
-RED BREED (heat tolerant )

More heat tolerant Red or Black breeds

RED

Simmental
-Looks like

White/(red/brown)
-

Chianina
-Color
-Known for?

tallest breed of cattle
6 feet tall or more
-Gray or Black

Piedmontese
-Known for?

Gray DOUBLE MUSCLED (myostatin gene)

Santa Gertrudis
Cross of?
-City created?
-Known for?
-Person
-Issue

shorthorn + brahma
-KINGSVILLE (1ST AMERICAN CATTLE)
-IMMUNITY TO PARASITES (HEARDY)
-Richard Cleburn
-Texas Cattle Fever (issue)

Braford -cross of?

Brahma + Hereford
White face/red +

Brangus- cross of?

Polled
(brahma + angus)

Charbray-cross of?

Charlarois + Brahma

Beefmaster - cross of?

hereford + Shorthorn + brahma
(FERTILE /DOCILE)
-Few problems

Beefalo-cross of?

Bison / Cattle Cross

Double muscle gene

myostatin

Texas LongHorn
-Today is bred for?
-Commericially at birth?

Length of horns
-Small calf (easily calved)
-

Senepol looks like
-created where
-Known for

Red without Horns (polled)
-CREATED IN VIRGIN ISLANDS
-Heat Tolerant

Holstein Friesan is __breed of cow
-Colors
-Known for
-Dystocia incidence

DAIRY
-RED/White or BLACK/white
-Butter/Protein (usually lower)
-20% incidence of dystocia

Jersey
-Size
-Milk production
-Known b/c

Smaller than Holstein
-Outproduce Holstein in milkload & butterfat
-ONLY BREED that is INCREASING in NUMBER in the WORLD

Guernsey
-Produce what type of Milk
-Known b/c
-Milk is high in

ALPHA 2 MILK (better than regular milk)
-MAKING a comeback in US
-Keratine
-Red and White

Breed that produces ALPHA 2 milk

Guernsey

Ayrshire
-Known for

-Very digestible milk (GOOD FOR BABY)
-MORE PROTEIN and MORE FAT than holstein

Brown Swiss
-Known for

-HIGH BUTTER FAT
-KNOWN for BLACK HOOVES
-Higher INCIDENCE OF LAMENESS

Miniature Cattle are..

Dexter cattle

Dairy Shorthorn

-Dual purpose (beef /dairy)

Lice of Cattle
-Most common -
-Exacerbated by?
-Major problem
-Treatment

WINTER TIME
-Poor nutrition / overcrowding
-SUCKING LICE Anemia (MAYBE with high loads of sucking lice)
-Usually POUR ON at 2 WEEK CYCLES
(MUST TREAT ALL ANIMALS IN HERD)

Mite of Cattle
-Common

RARE

Tromicula
-AKA __mite
-Found where?

ITCH MITE
-FOUND IN BEDDING
-MAY BITE leg and cause reaction

Sucking louse of cattle

-Haematopinus eurysternus
-Linognathus vituli

Biting louse of cattle

Damalinia Bovis

Signs of lice

Rough/Shaggy hair coat
-Patchy/NON-PRURITIC ALOPECIA
-MORE LIKELY TO SEE NITS (eggs) than LICE ITSELF

Mites in cattle most likely to be seen in
-Mite with INTENSE PRURITUS

WINTER
-CHORIOPTES/SARCOPTES

This mite will cause WHEELS in skin and wrinking

SARCOPTES

Screw-worm is..
-AKA
-Signs

Cochliomyia Hominivorax
-ERADICATED from US
-REPORTABLE
-CUTANEOUS MYIASIS

BlowFlies Include

-House Fly - musca domestica
-Flesh Fly
-Blue Bottle Fly
-Green Bottle Fly
-Sheep Blow FLy

Most economic LOSS IN CATTLE
-Feed how
-causes
-Transmits

HORN FLY (HAEMATOBIA IRRITANS)
-Pasture Fly
-NON-BITING
-UPSIDE DOWN (on SIDE / BELLY)
-Causes BLOODLOSS
-transmitsSTEPHANOFILARIA (on ventral midline)

Face fly
-transmits

Musca Autumnalis
-Transmits PINKEYE
-NON-BITING

3 flies that can transmit Anaplasma

-Stable fly -stomoxys Calcitrans
-Horse fly (tabanus)
-Deer Fly (Chrysops)

FLY CONTROL PROGRAM
-When to institute

Pyrethroid and Organophosphate ROTATION
-Rotate EAR TAG (2 ears tags + Pour-On)
-200-250 flies per animal

Economic Threshold when to institute FLY CONTROL

200-250 flies

Other ways to treat FLIES (2)

ORAL MEDS (that passes with feces)
-TINY WASPS (with shorter life cycle that FLY)
(lay eggs on fly pupa and wasp eats it)

ORGANIC FARM way to treat flies

TINY WASPS

Stephanofilaria transmitted by
-Clinical significance
-Lesion

Ventral MIDLINE of CATTLE (alopecia)
-No clinical signficance
-Transmitted by HORN FLY

Most common tick causing problem in St. Kitts..causes

Amblyomma (causing infection with dermatophilus)

Dermatophilis is ..

ZOONOTIC

Warble fly is..
-Unique
-AKA
-Can cause
-TO TREAT?

Hypoderma Bovis
-Can cause NEUROLOGIC SIGNS
-Flies lay eggs on legs and migrate to SPINAL CORD
-NO MOUTH
-IVERMECTIN to TREAT

Cat Fleas from..

Cats sleeping with CALF
-Fleas on cat jump to CALF and CAUSE ANEMIA
-

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