The father of the Zionist Movement.
The dispersion of the Jews from Palestine by the Romans in the year 70.
An ancient region in the Middle East on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean. It was originally home to the Jews, and today is the site of the nation of Israel.
A 1917 British document that promised land in Palestine as homeland for Jews.
A nation established in 1948 as a homeland for Jews. It is found in the Middle East in what was once Palestine.
The Arab occupants of the land of Palestine.
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Leader of Egypt in the 1950s who assumed control over the Suez Canal. He leaned toward the Soviet side during the Cold War.
Military attack on Egypt by Britain, France, and Israel in 1956 after Egypt seized the Suez Canal. The United States and Soviet Union threatened to intervene if the crisis escalated.
Palestinian Liberation Organization
Originally a Palestinian terrorist organization led by Yassir Arafat, it later evolved in to a political party that gave up the use of violence.
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel. It was signed by Anwar El Sadat of Egypt and Menachem Begin of Israel.
An uprising by Palestinian Arabs (in both the Gaza Strip and the West Bank) against Israel.
The Israeli Prime Minister who agreed to grant the Palestinians their own land. In 1995, he was killed by Jewish extremists who disagreed with his attempt at peace with the Palestinians.