Egyptian Vocab. Mrs. Haley

46 terms by gnied123 

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A.D "Anne Domini" or "The Year of our Lord"

The number of years since the birth of jesus

anthropomorphic

having human form or characteristics

archaeology

the interdisciplinary study of human past including people, customs, and life of ancient times

ba

an Egyptian spiritual concept that can be roughly translated as one's soul. this is often depicted as a bird with a human's head

B.C.

Refers to the number of years before the birth of Jesus

B.C.E. Before Common Era

Refers to the same time period as B.C.

C.E. Common Era

The equivalent to A.D. or the numbers of years since the birth of Jesus

Cenotaph

a tomb or monument erected in honor of a person whose body is buried elsewhere

Cheops

a pharaoh that was often depicted as cruel and mean

Circa

"Around that time" Usually abbreviated ca or c

coregency

a practice in which the royal successor is chosen and rules alongside the reigning king to ensure a competent transition from one to the other

cuniform

wedge-shaped; a system of writing developed by the sumerians using a reed stylus to create wedge-shaped impressions on a clay tablet

Duat

the Egyptian netherworld of land of the dead

dynasty

a series of rulers from the same family

Egyptology

the study of ancient Egypt

Egyptomania

the fascination with the culture of ancient Egypt.

epigraphy

the art of recording inscriptions.

Exodus

the second book of the Old Testament: tells of the departure of the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt led by Moses

Genesis

the first book of the Old Testament: tells of creation and contains the story of Moses in Egypt

Graeco-Roman Period

refers to the time period during which the Romans and Greeks ruled Egypt beginning in 332 B.C.

Heb-Sed festival

rejuvenates king, occurred every 30 years to show the continuing vitality of the king

Hellenistic

relating to or characteristic of the classical Greek civiliHzation

Hieratic

a cursive form of Egyptian hieroglyphics

Hieroglyphics

egyptian writing system

inundation

the annual flooding of the Nile River, which produced a regular renewal of agricultural land

ka

the spiritual self of a human being in Egyptian mythology

maat

the Egyptian concept of truth, justice, and cosmic order, represented by a goddess, often portrayed with a feather upon her head

mastaba

Arabic for "bench", rectangular brick with sloping sides

Mitzraim

the Hebrew word for Egypt

monotheism

one god

natron

a naturally occurring white chemical substance that was used in the mummification process as a dehydrating agent.

necropolis

n. A city of the dead.

Neolithic

latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 10,000 BC in the middle east (but later elsewhere)

Nile River

the world's longest river (4180 miles)

nomarchs

the leaders or governors of nomes.

nomes

the various provinces of Upper and Lower Egypt

ostracon

a piece of broken pottery or a flake of stone that serves as a writing surface

Paleolithic Old Stone Age

age from 10,000 to 2.5 million years ago

Papyrology

the study of (primarily Greek) papyrus documents, typically from Egypt.

Papyrus

paper made from the papyrus plant by cutting it in strips and pressing it flat

Polytheism

belief in multiple Gods

Prehistory

time before written text

sarcophagus

a stone coffin (usually bearing sculpture or inscriptions)

stele

A stone slab or pillar with carvings or inscriptions

tell

a mound representing the accumulated debris of past human settlements. Also known as Kom

vizier

the highest office in the Egyptian governmental hierarchy below the king

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