TOEFL p128~135

92 terms by ittyoume817 

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potent

力強い、有力な
the cement is -- and should be mixed with water

concession

譲歩

coherent

首尾一貫した
he could not present a coherent defense of his theory

allotment

割り当て、配当

iceberg

氷山

Neptune

海王星

seclusion

隔離、孤立、引きこもること

glossary

用語解説、用語辞典

scrape

こすり取る、磨く、削る
he scraped the mud from his shoes.

lick

なめる
animals have a habit of licking their wounds

soothe

和らげる、なだめる
in palliative care, the doctors soothe their patient's pain

particle

粒子、細片

definitive

最終的な、決定的な
he made a definitive decision

sprinkle

(水を)まく
one hot day, in the back lanes of Ginza,the residents sprinkled water to let the ground cool

devoid

~を欠いている
he is not popular in his class because he is devoid of
humor

rebel

反逆者

rally

集会、ラリー

be clad with

~でおおわれている
the mountain is clad with snow

invoke

呼び覚ます、祈願する、嘆願する、(法に)訴える
the speech of the dean invoked our challenging spirit

oblivion

忘却

appraise

鑑定する、評価する、判断する
the expert appraised the ancient pot.

amiable

愛想の良い、好意的な
his amiable smile attracted many people.

despise

軽蔑する、馬鹿にする
the newly inaugurated president despises bureaucrats.

mineralogy

鉱物学

appendix

付録

throne

(バラなどの)トゲ

exhaustive

消耗させる、徹底的な、完全な
the work is really exhaustive

itinerary

旅行日程(表)

reclaimed land

埋立地、開墾地

scapegoat

他人の罪をかぶる人、身代わり

transplant

移植

dissent

異議を唱える
i dissented from the decision to proceed with the project

consolidate

合併(統合)する
Bank A and bank B consolidated.

precise

はっきりした、几帳面な、まじめな

extort

強要する、無理強いする
that store extorted high prices for trinkets

inflame

燃え上がらせる
the price increase inflamed tempers among the farmers.

segregation

隔離、差別すること

founder

(計画などが)失敗する、つぶれる
the new enterprise foundered.

forehead

sober

地味な

ingrate

恩知らず

discerning

明敏な、洞察力のある
his discerning judgment helped us.

abstain

慎む
the man abstained from smoking.

tuberculosis

結核

saturate

すっかり濡らす、満たす
the lawn was saturated with water.

perish

死ぬ、滅びる
she perished in the flood.

arbitrary

独断的な、気ままな
the president made an arbitrary decision.

blast

爆破する

somber

薄暗い、陰気な
she always wore clothes of somber colors to show her sadness

conspicuous

目立つ、派手な
she is conspicuous for her beauty

strain

引っ張る、引き締める
he strained at the rope with all his strength.

archaeology

考古学

erroneous

誤った、間違った
the meteorological agency made forecasts on the basis of - global surface temperature date

momentum

運動量、はずみ

centrist

中道主義者

tempt

誘惑する、そそのかす
the Dutch governor tried to tempt Native Americans to sell Manhattan with trinkets.

deploy

(軍を)配備{展開}する
the commander of the Union deploys his forces immediately

detect

見つける、看破する

temporary

一時的な、つかの間の
he suffered a temporary loss of memory from the accident.

wander

ぶらつく、放浪する
he had nothing to do but - around the park.

perspective

眺望、前途、遠近法

frontier

国境、辺境、フロンティア

bolster

高める、支持する
the polls showed that the president's speech - his popularity

comply

従う
we must - with the law

leopard

ヒョウ

bankruptcy

倒産

precede

~に先立つ
the guide preceded the passengers to the bus

proliferation

激増、拡散

consecutive

連続的な、引き続く
the - recessions depleted most of the wealth of the nation

plenitude

十分、豊富

insane

正気でない、狂気の
what he had done to us was insane

petty

ささいな、価値の少ない、取るに足らない
the cause of the war was a - matter

hearth

(暖炉の)炉

stimulant

刺激物

criterion

基準、標準

exert

努力する、用いる、発揮する
he exerted himself and discovered the actual extent of his ability

swamp

沼地

jurisdiction

(司法などの)管轄権

glitter

キラキラ輝く
all that glitters is not gold

ethnology

民族学

frugal

質素な、倹約する
he leads a frugal life in the countryside

trim

手入れする、刈り込む
she trimmed herself up before she held interviews with reporters

expose

(日光などに)さらす
it is not good for you to expose your skin to sunlight for a long time

spiral

らせんの

erratic

不規則な、むらのある
mail delivery there is erratic , making it hard for business

affliction

苦痛、災難

setback

妨げ、逆転、後退

compel

強制する
the dictatorial leader compelled the colonist to pay taxes

enmity

敵意、憎しみ

endorse

裏書きする、支持する
will you endorse the check and show me your ID, please?

frown

まゆをひそめる
the chairman frowned at the critical evaluations of his members

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