people chose leaders
belief that reason is the path to knowledge
gov. gives support for needy, sick
ppl with shared ancestry language and customs
average No of children born
where kings give land to nobles in exchange for military service
german king that united much of western europe
country with ppl of common culture and history
where all citzens share in running government
christianity was center to ppls lives in middle ages
roman catholic church spread catholicism and roamn law to western europe
most of western europeans were poor peasants who farmed the lands of kings, nobles, and church leaders in exchange for housing and protection
crusades did not increase trade between christian and muslim worlds
feudalism was stregthened as kingdoms grew stronger and larger
renaissance thrived in italian city-states such as florence, rome, and venice
europe has few ethnic groups
industrial revolution changed europe into a rural society
europeans value schooling and higher education can result higher incomes
higher incomes force europeans to give up leisure time
chirstianity has had very little impact on european life
most european christians are roman catholic
europeans have become more religious since the 1700s
in 1989, communismcam to an end in many eastern european countries
greats britian is seperated from europ by the atlantic ocean
most scandinavians are luteran
france is the largest country in europe
false, ukraine is
german has the largest population in europe
since the 1950s, italy has changed from primarily an agricultural economy to an industrial leader
the worlds first democracy
latin was the basis for many modern languages
rome-instead of ruling by force...
it allowed many conquered peoples to become citizens
greeces gret thinkers...
were socrates, plato, and aristotle
one of romes achievements was...
developing the code of laws
in 509 BC, rome became a...
in AD 395, rome was...
divided into eastern and western parts
rivers have been vital to this country's growth.
they are used to transport things to market.
danube and elbe are important, but rhine is most.
most of it is covered by meseta, the soil there is poor and rain is scarce. farming is difficult.
farming is easier is the NW and S, where citrus fruit, olive ans grapes are grown
an internationsl banking and financial center with four national languages
mild warm climate is ideal for farming. agriculture is specialized.
it specializes in growing grapes, making wine and producing cheese
since 1950s it has changed from primarily an agricultural economy to an idustrial leader.
gatekeeper between N and S Europe; neutrality
largest country in europe
reunified; federal republic
large and flat andscape made the country an easy target for invading armies.
dnieper river divides the country into two regions
tourism is important industry;provides 1in 12 jobs
four seperate regions, constituional monarchy, parliamentary demcracy
after WWII was united with neighbor country until '93
250 yrs ago, inventors and scientists sparked industrial revolution.
lush green fields, rich in peat
ruled by dictator; democracy in late 1970s
extends from balkin pennisulas into the meditteranean sea. 2000 islands
vatican city is inside of it
1980s-wprkers and farmers formed solidarity.
seperates africa from europe, links medittereansea with atlantic sea
straits of gibraltar
human made waterway that allows ships to pass from meddit. sea to red sea
narrow gap trade route in hidu kush between SW asia and other asia stuff
are of fertile soil left by river floods
oil is found in
european russias major river
warriors from central asia who conquered kievan rus
farm laborers who could be bougth and sold with the land
worlds deepest fresh water lake
soviet leader who attempted to poen up soviet society and loosen economic policies
serve as dividing line between the european and asian parts of russia
with his followers, led a revolt and created the soviet union
transfer of ownership of businesses from the government to individuals
thinker who believed that industrialization created an unjust system in whicih factory owners held great pwer, and workers very little
large port city near baltic sea
pricne of muscovy who rejected mongol rule and declared russian independence
ivan the great
harsh ruler who declared himself czar of russia
ivan the terrible
czar who expanded the russian empire to the pacific ocean
peter the great
second largest ethnic group in russia
largest inland body of water in world
brutal dictator who used secret polic to keep order, imprisoned and killed enemies, and forces many people to stave in the name of moderinzation
largest ethnic group in russia
in 1991 the soviet union broke up into russia and other independent republics
most russians live in cities west of the ural mountains
most russians own their homes
russias highway and communications sytems are among the best in the world