English Chapter 1

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SOS English Chapter 1

What is meant by "citing a source?"

naming the source of the information

It is necessary to cite a source because:

it is academically correct, it is proper to give the author credit, the idea, work, or material is someone else's

Ideas, works, and words that are someone else's must be documented because:

they are someone's hard work, ideas, or words, they do not belong to the student, they are not original with the student

True or False? Citing a source is correct academic documentation of other people's ideas, words, or works.

True

True or False? Plagiarism damages reputations and relationships.

False

True or False? To be charged with plagiarism is a minor offense.

False

True or False? Plagiarism is an issue of a person's honesty and character.

True

True or False? There is no difference between paraphrasing and summarizing.

False

True or False? A paraphrase, when used in an essay, must be cited because, although it is in your own words, it is still another's ideas or work.

True

True or False? A good, clear, complete paraphrase must be cited.

True

True or False? A summary of a paragraph is much shorter than a paraphrase.

True

True or False? A summary does not need to be cited as to its source because a summary is your own words.

False

is made during research to tell the facts about the source one is using.

Documentation

Which information goes on a note card?

author's name and page number for information found

A word that modifies or describes a noun or pronoun is called a(n)

adjective

What is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea?

noun

Words are classified as parts of speech according to their

use in a sentence.

A particular person, place, or thing within a general class is named by a

proper noun.

A common noun that refers to a quality, state, idea, or action rather than a physical object

abstract noun

A noun naming a physical object that can be perceived by the senses.

concrete noun

A noun that combines two or more words as a single noun.

compound noun

A noun that names a group of more than one person, place, or thing.

collective noun

An example of an abstract noun is:

love (emotion)

Cupful is an example of a(n)

compound noun

Nouns that name things that you cannot perceive by the senses are

abstract nouns

A noun that combines two or more words as a single noun is a(n)

compound noun

A compound noun may be written as:

one word, two or more words, or as a hyphenated word

The plural form of syllable

syllables

The plural form of brush

brushes

The plural form of report

reports

The plural form of dress

dresses

The plural form of tax

taxes

The plural form of buzz

buzzes

The plural form of peach

peaches

The plural form of rodeo

rodeos

The plural form of studio

studios

The plural form of trio

trios

The plural form of hero

heroes

The plural form of tomato

tomatoes

With some exceptions, the plural of nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant is formed by adding

-es.

The plural of a noun ending in o preceded by a vowel is formed by adding

-s.

The plurals of nouns ending in s, x, z, ch, and sh are formed by adding

-es.

Form the plural of a noun ending in y preceded by a vowel by

adding -s

Form the plural of a noun ending in y preceded by a consonant by

changing the y to i and adding -es

To form the irregular plural of some nouns ending in f or fe,

add -s.

To form the plural of many nouns ending in f or fe,

change the f or fe to v and add -es

The plural form of monkey

monkeys

The plural form of toy

toys

The plural form of valley

valleys

The plural form of ally

allies

The plural form of life

lives

The plural form of belief

beliefs

The plural form of child

children

The plural form of man

men

The plural form of father-in-law

fathers-in-law

The plural form of post office

post offices

The plural form of cupful

cupfuls

The plural form of chalkboard

chalkboards

The plural form of railway

railways

Form the plural of compound nouns with more than one word or in hyphenated form by adding the appropriate plural inflection, -s or -es, to the

main part of the compound.

True or False? Form the plural of some nouns by changing the spelling of the singular form of the word.

True

True or False? Form the plural of compound nouns written as one word by adding the appropriate plural sign -s or -es to the first part of the word.

False

alumna: Singular or Plural? She is an alumna of Iowa State University.

Singular

alumna: Singular or Plural? The alumnae are having a fund-raising dinner

Plural

basis: Singular or Plural? The basis of their friendship was a common interest in travel.

Singular

basis: Singular or Plural? The bases for salvation rest upon Jesus' offering of forgiveness and a person's acceptance of his offer.

Plural

nucleus: Singular or Plural? Nuclei of cells are located in different positions in different kind of cells

Plural

nucleus: Singular or Plural? A cell needs a nucleus in order to grow and divide into other cells.

Singular

analysis: Singular or Plural? An analysis of the situation will help solve the problem.

Singular

analysis: Singular or Plural? The experts prepared written analyses of the traffic problem.

Plural

means: Singular or Plural? What are the means by which you are going to solve the problems?

Plural

means: Singular or Plural? Quick thinking is the means by which trouble is often avoided.

Singular

series: Singular or Plural? A series of rainy days spoiled the camping trip.

Singular

scissors: Singular or Plural? He sharpened all the scissors in the schoolroom.

Plural

civics: Singular or Plural? A study of civics is helpful in preparing a student for life as an adult.

singular

riches: Singular or Plural? All the riches in the world cannot buy happiness.

plural

athletics: Singular or Plural? Athletics is recommended for high school students.

Singular

The possessive form of horse

horse's

The possessive form of friend

friend's

The possessive form of teacher

teacher's

The possessive form of dogs

dog's

The possessive form of girls

girls'

The possessive form of guests

guests'

The possessive form of businessmen

businessmen's

The possessive form of sisters-in-law

sisters-in-law's

The possessive form of Secretaries of State

Secretaries of State's

The possessive form of oxen

oxen's

The possessive form of "The fathers of Theresa and Marilyn."

Theresa's and Marilyn's fathers.

The possessive form of "The mother of Millie and Mike."

Millie and Mike's mother

Added to or following another as an explanation or identification.

appositive position

Located among the words that express something about the subject.

predicate position

Two or more words, joined by a hyphen, used as a single adjective to modify a noun

compound adjective

Standing next to (in front of) another.

attributive position

What adjective form or position is the stared word or phrase? "Snoopy is my favorite comic-strip character."

compound

What adjective form or position is the stared word or phrase? "A warm, humid breeze is blowing."

coordinate

What adjective form or position is the stared word or phrase? "The beautiful girl is smiling."

attributive

What adjective form or position is the stared word or phrase? "The tree, green and slender, bent in the summer breeze."

appositive

What adjective form or position is the stared word or phrase? "The woman at the desk is competent."

predicate

True or False? Superlative means of the highest (or lowest) kind.

True

Make the word an adjective. "hero"

heroic

Make the word an adjective. "self"

selfish

Make the word an adjective. "boy"

boyish

Make the word an adjective. "act"

active

Make the word an adjective. "pass"

passive

Make the word an adjective. "help"

helpful

Make the word an adjective. "fame"

famous

Make the word an adjective. "nerve"

nervous

Make the word an adjective. "velvet"

velvety

Make the word an adjective. "enjoy"

enjoyable

Make the word an adjective. "nature"

natural

Make the word an adjective. "Asia"

Asian

Which adjectives are more likely to use more or most in forming comparatives and superlatives?

three-syllable adjectives

Which adjective is not superlative? least, more, clearest,

more

True or False? A proper noun names a particular person, place, or thing within a general class

True

True or False? The word cupful is an example of an abstract noun.

False

True or False? To form the plural of a noun ending in y preceded by a vowel, simply add s.

True

True or False? To form the plural of a noun ending in y preceded by a consonant, simply add s.

False

True or False? All nouns that have plural forms are plural in meaning.

False

True or False? The plural form of some nouns is the same as the singular form

True

True or False? There are nouns that appear only in the plural form.

True

Form the possessive of most singular nouns by adding:

's

Form the possessive of plural nouns that end in s by adding:

'

Form the possessive of plural nouns that do not end in s by adding:

's

When two or more words are used as a single adjective to modify a noun, that adjective becomes a ___ adjective.

compound

An adjective that precedes the noun it modifies is in the ___ position.

attributive

An adjective that follows the verb and modifies the subject is in the ___ position.

predicate

An adjective that expresses the highest or lowest degree of comparison among three or more nouns is in the ___ degree.

superlative

Names referring to Deity, the Bible, and divisions of the Bible are_____________nouns and ____________be capitalized.

proper and should

select the abstract nouns. "iron, vanity, faith, Bible, perseverance, lamb, grace, tooth"

vanity, perseverance, faith, grace

The word assembly is an example of a(n)

collective noun

The word newspaper is an example of a(n)

compound noun

The plural of church is

churches

The plural of sky is

skies

The plural of monkey is

monkeys

The plural of wharf is

wharves

A compound noun may be written:

as one word, as a hyphenated word, or as two words

A word used to modify verbs, adjectives, or adverbs.

adverb

Indicates the time of the action or being.

tense

A word used to express action or being.

verb

A verb that either has no receiver of the action named or expresses no action.

intransitive verb

Indicates whether the subject names the actor or the receiver of the action expressed by the verb.

voice

Indicates whether an act is presented as a fact, contrary to fact, a wish, or a command.

mood

A verb that has a receiver of the action named. It transfers the action from the actor to a direct object

transitive verb

Present:_______ Past________ Past Participle: (have) ridden

ride and rode

Present: obey Past:__________ Past Participle:___________

obeyed and (have) obeyed

Present: bring Past:__________ Past Participle:__________

brought and (have brought)

Present:____________ Past:___________ Past Participle: have got (gotten)

get and got

Present: swing Past:_________ Past Participle__________

swung and (have) swung

Present: bear Past: bore Past Participle:___________

(have) borne

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