a group of words beginning with a preposition and ending with a noun or a pronoun
two types of prepositional phrases
prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronoun
That tall building with the (red tower) is our new library.
Ordinarily, Cecily plays a game (of Tetris) before going to sleep.
propositional phrase that modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb
Louisa May Alcott wrote (with great care).
adverb phrases answer the question
*To what extent?
*verbals are formed from verbs
*they act like verbs, but are not used as verbs in the sentence.
three types of verb phrases
can serve as verbal adjectives, verbal nouns or verbal adverbs
phrase containing a participle and any complements or modifiers it might have
word ending in -ing that is formed from a verb and used as a noun
a gerund can be used as
an indirect object
a predicate nominative
an object of a preposition
phrase consisting of a gerund and any modifiers or complements it may have
verb form, usually preceded by TO, that can be used as a noun or a modifier
TO give is praiseworthy.
Samuel Johnson like TO argue.
Darius Green's ambition was TO fly.
Darius Green's attempt TO fly was failure
It was too raw TO eat.
Difference between infinitive and prepositional phrases.
to the game
The infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive and any complements or modifiers it may have.
*She wanted to visit her aunt.
*He must try to eat properly.