Radiant energy that exhibits wave-like behavior and travels through space at the speed of light in a vacuum
the distance between two consecutive similar points on a wave
the number of waves per second that pass a given point in space
a "particle" or "packet of energy" of electromagnetic radiation
speed of light
a display of all forms of electromagnetic radiation in order of frequency, wavelength and energy
energy of a photon
(𝛥- is a triangle...)
energy levels that can only equal certain allowed values (not continuous)
planetary model (Bohr)
Atomic model that postulates electrons move around the nucleus in specific orbits
spectrum in which all frequencies of light are seen
spectrum in which only certain specific frequencies of light are seen
the energy level in which an atom has no excess energy (least potential energy)
energy levels in which an atom has excess energy (more potential energy)
probability maps of three-dimensional regions of space that describe where an electron can be expected to be found
pauli exclusion principle
an atomic orbital can hold a maximum of two electrons, and those two electrons must have opposite spins
electrons occupy empty orbitals before they pair up to fill the orbitals in a sub level
electrons in the outermost (highest_ principal energy level of an atom that are involved in bonding
inner electrons that are no involved in bonding atoms to each other
elements that tend to lose electrons in order to form positive ions
elements that tend to gain electrons in order to form negative ions
elements that have some properties of metals and some properties of nonmetals
the most stable type of electrons configuration
sections of the periodiv table that include elements in the s-block and the p-block
section of the periodic table that includes elements in the d-block
the energy required to remove an electron from an individual atom in the gas phase
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