English Spring Exam Vocab

18 terms by mosoto 

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personification

attributing human qualities and characteristics to objects or animals

apostrophe

figure of speech in which the speaker addresses someone absent as if he or she were present or an inanimate object as if it could reply

parallelism

balance of similar words, phrases, or clauses; the phrases are the same length and have the same structure

metaphysical poetry

unusual focus placed on intellectualism, theology, philosophy, science, and astronomy

conceit

comparison where the subject is compared to something that he/ she/ it would never normally be associated with

erudition

requires great intellectual effort to understand

paradox

apparent self- contradiction that reveals a sort of truth

metaphysical conceit

extended metaphor that makes a surprising or unexpected comparison

colloquial

everyday "common language"

aphorism

short, quotable sentence

satire

writing that uses humor to ridicule vices, follies and abuses

dialect

language and particularly the speech habits of a particular social class, region or group

elegy

lyrical poem or musical composition that laments death

inversion

reversal of normal word order

syncope

omitting letters or sounds within a word

pendant

companion poem

landed gentry

"gentlemen" in the early sense who owned extensive land in the form of estates; their sole job was to manage the land and support their family

realism

depiction of contemporary life and society "as they are"

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