What happened to Korea after World War II?
it became a divided nation at the 38th parrallel, which passes Korea at 38 degrees north. two nations developed, one being communist north and the other being non-communist south, the two sought to reunify
What happened in Korea on June 25, 1950?
North Koreans did surprise invasion on South Korea
What was Trumans reaction to NK's invasion?
He needed to contain NK due to his policy of containment, UN ended up sending an international force headed by General Douglas MacArthur to Korea to stop the invasion
What happened in September of 1950?
NK had practically all of Korea, when MacArthur launched a surprise attack, causing NK to retreat and the international force to take most of NK's land
What was China's reaction to the Korea conflict?
China sent 300,000 troops to aid NK, driving UN forces southward and captured South Korean capital, Seoul.
What happened to Douglas MacArthur and what happened instead of his proposition?
he proposed a nuclear attack on China's cities but Truman disagreed and ended up firing him, the UN forces then gradually pushed Chinese forces back to 38 parallel
What happened in July 1953?
UN forces and North Korea signed a cease-fire agreement, border set near the 38th parrallel
After the Korean conflict, what happened in NK?
Kim Il Sung, the dictator, nationalized and build up military power, his son Kim Jong Il then developed nuclear weapons
After the Korean conflict, what happened to SK?
economy prospered, dictators rules growing country, SK later established free elections, talks continue between the two countries but NK still does not favor reunification
What is Tom Connally's opinion on Korea?
he believes in fighting for Korea but he thinks there is a large possibility SK will fall to NK.
Why did President Truman send troops to Korea in the first place?
he believed communism was very powerful and therefore spreads quickly, so he needed to abide by US's policy of containment, he must set an example for other countries
Why did Truman fire MacArthur?
MacArthur is too much of a dictator, he needs to follow constitution, Truman cannot let military rule the govt
What is MacArthur's reaction to Truman firing him?
he disagrees with Truman not using nuclear weapons on China and says that we must win no matter what, we cant just talk as diplomats, we must actually fight
What is Truman's response to MacArthur's reaction?
he claims that the US cannot start more conflict and winning a battle usually doesnt accomplish much if anything