the period of permanent cessation of menstruation
where the fertilized egg attaches
lining at the uterus that sluffs off each month
the first menstrual period; the establishment of menstruation
where fertilization occurs
membrane covering the entrance into the vagina
protective outer coverings to the vagina
the menstrual flow (the period)
where eggs are produced; has follicles containing eggs
the vascular structure in the uterus of most mammals providing oxygen and nutrients for and transferring wastes from the developing fetus
where sperm mature
What hormones cause secondary sex traits in boys?
What hormones cause secondary sex traits in girls?
What are some examples of secondary sex traits for boys?
broader shoulders, adam's apple, angular face, muscle mass, thicker body hair
What are some examples of secondary sex traits for girls?
developed breasts, wider hips, narrower wastes, rounder faces, earlier growth spurts
Why are the male reproductive organs outside the body?
sperm needs a cool environment in order to survive
What is semen?
sperm + seminal vesicle, prostate gland, and cowper's gland
When do women normally ovulate during their monthly cycle?
During a 30 day cycle, when would a women menstruate?
Where do women produce testosterone?
How do men produce estrogen?
with their excess testosterone
What two glands start the process of puberty?
pituitary and hypothalamus glands
What hormone stops the menstrual cycle during pregnancy?
What changes does seratonin produce in the pregnant mother?
feel better, look better, skin looks better, hair grows faster/thicker and is more shiny, all of this makes her more attractive to her mate and therefore encourages him to stay
Why do these changes occur?
all of this makes her more attractive to her mate and therefore encourages him to stay
How does the uterus get ready for birth?
Braxton Hicks contractions
What types of STD's can be cured?
gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis
What types of STD's will you always have?
Hepatitis B, genital herpes, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
What hormone causes contractions to begin when it is time for childbirth?