Organelles in a cell and what they do

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nucleus

the organelle that contains the cell's DNA and is the control center of the cell. It knows how to make the cell's proteins- which sends messages

chromosomes

holds all information about the cell

nucleolus

this makes all of the cell's ribosomes

ribosome

the organelle in which amino acids are hooked together to make proteins- which then communicates

endoplasmic reticulum

the organelle that makes lipids, breaks down drugs and other toxic substances, and packages proteins for the Golgi complex which the ribosomes on part of it makes

mitochondrion

the organelle that breaks down food molecules to make ATP in the process of cellular respiration. THE MAIN POWER SOURCE FOR THE CELL

chloroplasts

the organelle that uses the energy of sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to make food (glucose)

Golgi complex

the organelle that processes, packages and transports proteins and other materials out of the cell by having it pinch of in small vesicles from it. Also lipids and proteins are delivered to it

Large central vacuole

the organelle that stores water and other materials; everything else that needs to be stored in the plant

vacuole

stores digestive enzymes

lysosome

the organelle that digests food particles, wastes, cell parts, and foreign invaders. Destroys damaged or worn-out organelles

cell membrane

a phospholipid layer that surrounds the cytoplasm and controls what goes in and comes out of a cell

cell wall

this is only in plant cells. It gives support to the cell and protects it. maintains its shape. it is what gives veggies their crispiness

cytoskeleton

keeps the cell membranes from collapsing and helps them retain shape. Supports the cell. it helps them move

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