Justice means being treated
What basic belief do all Americans share?
What actions are voluntary for American citizens?
Working toward the common good, voting, holding government office, participating in election campaigns, influencing government, and serving the community.
Which two rights must Americans balance when they debate religious values?
Speech and Religion
How long is the term of office for a member of the House of Representatives?
What is political socialization?
The process of learning how to behave politically.
What are duties? Examples?
What does "consent of the governed" mean?
What is a Monarchy?
A form of government in which all or most of the power is in the hands of one individual, the monarch, whose authority is hereditary.
What are our rights are American citizens based on?
The Bill of Rights.
Who makes the final decision about innocence or guilt in most criminal trials?
What role did colonists have in self-government?
They could elect representatives.
Why did the colonists accuse the Royal Governors of tyranny?
They abused their powers.
What did the colonists and the English government disagree about?
Taxation without representation.
Where id most of the power remain under the Articles of Confederation?
Who had final authority over the colonists?
What did the Declaration of Independence list?
Grievances against the king
What did the states do after they became free and independent?
Create Article of Confederation.
Why did the Constitutional Convention gather?
Revising the Articles of Confederation.
What did the Virginia plan propose?
A two-house legislature; representation based on each state's population.
Why were the delegates afraid of a strong national government/
They were afraid of tyranny.
What were the intentions of the framers regarding the Supreme Court?
Wanted a national court system to settle disputes between states.
What did the arguments in The Federalist support?
A strong federal government.
According to the Constitution, what are the requirements to become President of the United States?
Be at least 35 and a natural-born citizen. Must also have lived in the U.S. for 14 years.
What did the Anti-Federalist want added to the Constitution?
Bill of Rights.
How many individual freedoms are protected under the First Amendment?
Judges in our nation's courts interpret
What did the Dred Scott decision interpret the Constitution as allowing?
How is the number of representatives from each state determined?
What amendment did the Suffragists push for?
Who has final say in the interpretation of the Constitution?
The Supreme Court
What can change a Supreme Court decision?
A decision writing
How does the Supreme Court help adapt the Constitution to our changing society?
What finally ended the slavery issue?
Why is increasing trade a goal of United States foreign policy?
The U.S. could form alliances with other countries.
What is the most important job of Congress?
What is a requirement of all members of Congress?
Live in the state they represent
What Presidential roles have been created by tradition?
Commander of Chief, Chief of Party, and Party leader.
What has defined the role of the President?
Why must we have a system of committees in Congress?
There are too many laws to study
What can happen after a President vetoes a bill?
Congress can override with 2/3 votes
When a bill dies in committee
They didn't recommend it.
What is compromise bill a result of?
Failing to override a veto.
What judicial powers does the President have?
He can pick Supreme Court judges.
What is the President's most important job?
To set goals for the nation and develop policies.
What happened as a result of Nixon refusing to turn over the Watergate tapes?
What does the system of check and balances help to ensure?
How do Federal Court Judges come to serve?
The President nominates them.
The U.S. Supreme Court is also known as
the highest court of Appeals
What was the "Warren Court" best known for?
Defense of due rights of people of accused crimes.
How does Congress "check" the power of the President and the Supreme Court?
What power does judicial review give the Judicial Branch?
They can reject laws that conflict with Constitution
Which branch of government is least likely to be influenced by public opinion?
Why would a unitary system of government now work in the United States?
The people are too diverse
What responsibilities do the national and state government share?
Collect taxes, borrow money, and set up courts
What is the purpose of a categorical grant?
For specific purposes
A state's Lieutenant Governor can be best compared with the U.S.
What are Executive Departments? Examples?
They fulfill President duties. Department of Energy and Department of Homeland Security.
Who are the top officials in the nation and state?
President and Governor
Where is an impeachment trial of an official held?
What is the goal of council-manager plan?
To run government like a business
What is the major job of a country board?
An American citizen is someone who
Why are people who take part in civil disobedience punished?
To enforce laws
Why are Constitutions considered collections of laws?
They tell us what we can and can't do
Who is the Chief Executive Officer at the state level?
What are civil laws?
The group of laws that help settle disagreements between people
What are crimes? Examples?
Any behavior that is illegal because of the government considers it harmful to society. Stealing
What happens when an official is accused of a crime?
He or she will get impeached.
What do violent crimes involve?
Someone getting hurt or potentially hurt
What are examples of crimes against the government?
Treason and terrorism
What is an indictment?
A formal charge against an accused person
What is the purpose of rehabilitation?
To teach inmates how to live productive lives
What is plea bargaining?
When a defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for a lesser charge or a lighter sentence.
Which President was impeached and almost convicted after the Civil War?
Why is there more at risk at a criminal trial than a civil trial?
You can get the death penalty
Which groups are influenced by lobbyists and special interest groups?
What is the purpose of discovery in a civil trial?
To gather evidence
What is a problem with taking a civil case to trial?
It cost a lot of money
How can members of Congress use interest groups?
Use peoples' certain expertise to create laws
How do you become a member of a political party?
What happens at a national convention?
Delegates debate and discuss the candidates
How can a person become a candidate in an election?
Be self-election, write in, and filing a petition
What pressures does a member of Congress face when deciding how to vote on an issue?
The lobbyist and constituents
When are Presidential elections held/
Every 4 years
What happens in a primary election?
Why do people hand out leaflets about candidates before an election?
To persuade people to vote for them
What advantage does an incumbent have in an election?
What are polling places?
Places where people go vote
What is the most important role of an Ambassador?
Represent our country
In what ways does the President shape foreign policy?
Commanders in Chief, the armed forces, and nations chief diplomat.