AP World History Final Exam Review

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It's the home stretch, friends

Which of the following was a major effect of the Neolithic Revolution?

The establishment of sedentary village communities

Which of the following occurred as a result of the development of agriculture in societies that previously relied on hunting and gathering?

Population density increased.

Which of the following was an important reason for the fall of the Roman, Han, and Gupta Empires

Intensified invasions and security issues along their frontiers

Before 500 CE Judaism and Hinduism were similar in that both

had written scriptures and an ethical code to live by

The photograph above of a mosque (first erected in the fourteenth century) in the modern-day West African country of Mali best exemplifies which of the following historical processes?

Spread of religion along trade routes

The spread of Bantu-speaking peoples over southern Africa before 1400 CE can best be explained by their

knowledge of agriculture

(Two Giant Passages) The second passage does not support the first passage because the second passage

presents an incident in which a military order supported a Muslim traveler

Inca and Aztec societies were similar in that both

acquired empires by means of military conquest

Which of the following factors represents the most significant cause of the growth of cities in Afro-Eurasia in the period 1000-1450?

Increased interregional trade

(Map of Trading Networks) The map above shows what significant economic developments?

Trading networks that promoted the growth of new cities from 600 CE through 1450 CE.

Which of the following changes best justifies the claim that the late 1400s mark the beginning of a new period in world history?

The incorporation of the Americas into a broader global network of exchange

The Columbian Exchange involved which of the following new connections in the era 1450-1750?

African population to the Western Hemisphere; Western Hemisphere food to Europe and Africa; African and European diseases to the Western Hemisphere

In the period 1450-1750, which of the following, produced on large plantations by slave labor, were significant commodities in the growing world market?

Cash crops such as sugar and tobacco

Which of the following is likely to have influenced eighteenth-century population trends in both Europe and China?

Introduction of Western Hemisphere crops

Which of the following factors best explains why the Portuguese did not engage in direct trading relations with West African states until the fifteenth century?

Lack of the necessary navigational and maritime technology

In recent decades, many world historians have challenged the commonly held view that Europeans controlled the largest share of world trade in the seventeenth through the eighteenth centuries. Which of the following evidence from the period would best support this historical reinterpretation?

European merchants transported only a fraction of the goods shipped globally.

Which of the following would be the most useful source of evidence for research about the profits of Portuguese and British slave traders in the period 1600-1800?

European slave traders' account books

(Introduction by an African Griot) The introduction by the griot is intended to serve which of the following purposes?

To establish the griot's authority by connecting him to the past

Which of the following statements is true about both the Mughal and Ottoman empires in the sixteenth century?

Both empires expanded through the use of gunpowder weapons and extensive bureaucracies.

Most world historians would agree that the key to European predominance in the world economy during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was

the Industrial Revolution

(some graphs) Which of the following developments in the period 1878-1922 best explains the change in Japanese trade patterns shown in the graphs above?

Japanese manufacturing output rose as a consequence of industrialization.

In contrast to initial industrialization, the second Industrial Revolution in the last half of the nineteenth century was particularly associated with the mass production of which of the following?

Electricity, steel, and chemicals

All of the following factors contributed to significant growth in worldwide population from 1750 through 1900 EXCEPT

new grain crops developed in the Green Revolution

Between 1750 and 1900, which of the following industrializing states created an empire?

Japan

In the late nineteenth century, European involvement in both Africa and China was characterized primarily by

competition among imperialist powers

Which of the following European developments is most closely associated with the revolution in Haiti?

The French Revolution

The North and South American independence movements of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries shared which of the following?

Revolutionary demands based on Enlightenment political ideas

What was the leading cause of the unprecedented increase in global population in the twentieth century?

The impact of medical innovations and public health measures

"Quote". This quote by Egyptian Gamal Abdel Nasser (in power 1952-1970) best expresses support for

nationalism

Which of the following describes a major change in international relations in the 1980s and 1990s?

The reduction of confrontations between communist and noncommunist countries

Which of the following correctly matches the river with the civilization that developed around it?

Tigris and Euphrates: Mesopotamia

The Twelve Tables and Hammurabi's Code are important examples of

written laws.

"Quote". The above quote from the Confucian Analects stresses the idea that

the real leader focuses on work, rather than recognition.

In a patriarchal society,

power resides with the men.

Which of the following statements accurately compares Hinduism and Islam?

Both religions believe in a powerful creator god.

Which of the following statements about the slave trade between 1450 and 1750 is NOT true?

By the late 1700s, the slave trade had been abolished in Asian and Islamic nations.

Which of the following did NOT play a role in the Crusades?

The establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine

The Roman Emperor Constantine influenced the spread of Christianity in the way that the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka influenced the spread of

Buddhism

The only nation that did NOT engage in mercantilism during the 1600s and 1700s was

Italy

Harrapa and Mohenjo-Daro were examples of

indus river valley cities.

The civilizations of the Sumerians, the Phoenicians, and the Maya were similar in that each

developed extensive writing systems

(Passage). The author of this passage would agree most with which of these statements?

With the proper education, women have the ability to be as smart as men.

All of the following were impacts of the Industrial Revolution EXCEPT

an increase in the number of independent nations

Which of the following was NOT a result of the Black Death?

Rise of feudalism in western Europe

The Columbian Exchange involved which of the following?

Peanuts from South America; tomatoes from Europe

Which of the following ruled the Middle East and North Africa at the same time that the Tang Dynasty ruled China?

Abbasid Caliphate

A significant consequence of the Mongol invasions was that

trade and communication along the Silk Road flourished.

Ibn Battuta, Marco Polo, and Rabban Sauma are all examples of

travelers who were able to travel great distances and record their journeys.

The Four Noble Truths are associated with

Buddhism

Which of the following is an accurate list of important trading cities in the time period 600 to 1450?

Venice, Samarkand, Changan

The self-sufficient economic system that developed in Western Europe during the time period 600 to 1450 is known as

manorialism.

All of the following statements regarding the Black Plague and its impact are accurate EXCEPT

in the Middle East, many Muslims abandoned their faith and blamed Muslim clerics for not being able to contain the disease.

(Pyramid). The chart above represents the social class structure in

Spanish America.

The purpose of the encomienda system was to

supply Europeans with a steady supply of labor.

The Neolithic Revolution was characterized by the

change from nomadic herding to settled farming

Which of the following was NOT exchanged from the Americas to Europe?

Cattle

Which advancement from the Scientific Revolution is matched correctly with its inventor?

Newton: Physics

In the mid-1300s, Mansa Musa created a strong centralized Islamic government in

Mali

Which of the following statements most accurately describes the silver trade in the time period 1450 to 1750?

Chinese demand for silver drove the trade.

All of the following were features of the civilizations in Mesopotamia, Mesoamerica, the Indus River Valley, and the Yellow River Valley EXCEPT

religious systems that included sacrifice rituals

Which of the following belief systems were characterized by a belief in prophets and were spread through missionary effort?

Christianity and Islam

Which of the following is true of both the Han Empire and the Gupta Empire?

Both saw a number of technological advances.

The Buddhist social order included

opposition to caste systems

Which of the following was most characteristic of the Neolithic Revolution?

Greater numbers of settled communities

The Mongols were successful in creating the world's largest empire because

the civilizations that were conquered often had weak or declining political power.

Which development heightened trans-Saharan trade in the first millennium BCE?

The domestication of the camel

All of the following were true of the Silk Road EXCEPT

economies of the Middle East were connected with East Asia and Southeast Asia

In which of these societies were merchants and traders placed in a lower social class than farmers and artisans?

Han China

In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, indentured servants

received free passage to their destinations

Which statement best describes Mongol rule in Russia?

The Mongols ruled primarily from afar and rewarded Russian princes who submitted to their authority.

Which of the following is true of the Byzantine Empire in 600 CE?

Economic prosperity and political stability enabled it to continue the legacy of the Greeks and Romans.

Although little is known about the Olmec, there are indications that

they were ruled by a king, who combined religious and secular roles

All of the following were present in ancient Mesopotamia EXCEPT

coined money

Which of the following lasting contributions to the societies of the Americas was made by the Chavín?

Metallurgy

The most readily available and versatile metal in West Africa from 600 to 1450 was

iron

Which of the following explains why the Roman Republic failed?

The number of peasant farmers declined, causing a shortage of men who owned the necessary property required for military service.

The term Middle Passage refers to

the journey on slave ships from West Africa to the Americas.

The Colombian Exchange caused all of the following EXCEPT

African diseases were introduced to Europe.

All of the statements below refer to which empire in the period 1450 to 1750? (Lucrative Trans-Saharan trade, all emperors were Muslim, Islamic universities at Timbuktu)

Songhay

The Ming dynasty halted the voyages of Zheng He because

the voyages were expensive and the world beyond China was deemed of little value.

Which of the following statements is an accurate comparison of the Aztec and Mongol Empires?

Both groups expanded their empire by conquering and dominating neighboring areas.

Which of the following is the most accurate statement about the Atlantic slave trade between 1450 and 1750?

The trade was part of a larger triangular trade pattern.

Which of the following empires existed more than 500 years after the other four?

Song

All of the following were tributary states of China EXCEPT

India.

All of the following were advancements that occurred during the Tang or Song dynasties EXCEPT

the decimal system.

All of the following are true statements about Islam EXCEPT

a clear line of succession was established after Muhammad's death.

"The unexamined life is not worth living." This quotation was an important part of philosophy in which classical civilization?

Greece

A result of the competition for African colonies in the 19th century was

the Berlin Conference of 1885.

The Spanish were able to conquer the Incan Empire in part because

other native groups helped them in the defeat.

According to Confucius, the most important role of the scholar-gentry class was to

promote harmony through the administration of the state.

Dharma and karma are important concepts in which of the following two religions?

Buddhism and Hinduism

The earliest monotheistic religion was

Judaism

(Map of Africa) The map above shows that between 600 and 1450, trade networks primarily linked sub-Saharan Africa with

the Islamic world

The successful construction of large-scale Egyptian monuments can best be attributed to

a large labor force directly controlled by the pharaoh

All of the following were characteristics of classical civilizations EXCEPT

democratic institutions.

The photograph of the Taj Mahal above is representative of which type of architecture?

Islamic

As the Ottomans dominated much of the Middle East and North Africa during the time period 1450 to 1750, which of the following empires dominated South Asia?

Mughal

Between 1450 and 1750, European interest in American colonies was primarily motivated by

the chance to make a large profit from cash crops.

A common feature of both Japanese and European feudalism was

a strict social structure.

All of the following were results of industrialization EXCEPT

the ability to maintain the family unit as an economic unit.

From the founding of each religion, Christians and Muslims shared a belief in

a single omnipotent deity.

The sixth-century CE Buddhist statue complex shown above, found in China, is an example of

cross-cultural interaction.

(Excerpt). The excerpt above from the Code of Hammurabi illustrates which of the following about Babylonian society?

It was marked by social inequalities.

Which of the following contributed significantly to the fall of both the western Roman and the Han empires?

Invasions by borderland peoples

(Graph). The graph above shows the effect of which of the following?

Plague on the populations of Asia and Europe

Which of the following describes a major effect of the Bantu migrations?

The spread of Islam across sub-Saharan Africa

Inca and Aztec societies were similar in that both

acquired empires by military conquest

Which of the following changes best justifies the claim that the late 1400s mark the beginning of a new period in world history?

The incorporation of the Americas into a broader global exchange

Which of the following was a major similarity among European colonial empires in the Americas in the period 1450-1750?

Enslavement of African peoples and subjugation of Amerindians

Which of the following European developments is most closely associated with the revolution in Haiti?

The French Revolution

"Racist Quotation". The quotation above by an early-twentieth-century Chinese revolutionary illustrates the influence of

Social Darwinism

The quotation above by Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser (in power 1952-1970) best expresses support for

nationalism

Most early civilizations before 600 BCE shared which of the following characteristics?

Urban centers, growing populations, and writing systems

Before 500 CE, Judaism and Hinduism were similar in that both

had written scriptures and ethical code to live by

Between 200 BCE and 200 CE, the Silk Roads facilitated commodity trade between which of the following pairs of empires?

The Roman and Han

The development and spread of Christianity and Buddhism before 600 CE had all of the following in common EXCEPT

the founders of both presented themselves as divine

Before 1450 CE, which of the following is true of sub-Saharan Africa's commercial economy?

Sub-Saharan Africa exported gold to the Middle East and Europe.

Which of the following consequences of the Columbian Exchange most affected Amerindians in the sixteenth century?

Diseases caused pandemics.

The Mughal Empire and the Ottoman Empire before 1700 CE shared which of the following characteristics?

Both empires were religiously and culturally diverse.

(Excerpt of the Declaration of Independence of Vietnam). The excerpt above was written in response to which of the following?

The failure of French colonizers to apply their ideals in Indochina

An important reasons for China's rapid population increase in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was

the introduction of new crops from the Americas

Which of the following was a widespread social consequence of industrialization in the 1800s?

The creation of a wage-earning working class concentrated in urban areas

Which of the following best describes how nineteenth-century European industrialization affected European women's lives?

Married women found it increasingly difficult to balance wage work and family responsibilities.

After the Second World War, countries around the world did which of the following to restore the global economy?

Established new financial institutions, such as the World Bank.

Nationalist leaders in Africa and Asia, such as Ho Chi Minh, Jomo Kenyatta, and Kwame Nkrumah, had which of the following in common?

Opposition to colonial rule

Which of the following statements is true about the world at the end of the twentieth century?

The pace and intensity of international contacts accelerated as a result of transportation and communication breakthroughs.

Which of the following best explains why myths are useful to historians?

Myths provide insights into the values and traditions of their societies.

The development of Indian Ocean trade routes trade routes in the period 600 BCE to 600 CE and the development of transatlantic trade routes in the period 1450 CE to 1600 CE were similar in that both depended on

understanding of currents and wind patterns

Which of the following best supports the contentions of the world economic theory in the passage?

Latin America exported sugar and silver and imported manufactured items.

Which of the following statements would challenge the arguments mad win the passage?

Strong governments in the slave-exporting regions of West Africa

Which of the following best describes the 1936 lithograph entitled The Hero by German artist George Grosz?

A post-First World War print expressing antiwar sentiment

Before 600 CE, large centralized empires, such as the Han, Persian, and Roman empires, extended their military power by

developing supply lines and building infrastructure, including defensive walls and roads

Which of the following factors represents the most significant cause of the growth of cities in Afro-Eurasia in the period 1000-1450?

Increased interregional trade

The founding of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is best understood in the context of which of the following?

The Cold War

Historians argue that the twentieth century marks a significant break in world history for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:

Low-wage laborers migrated from continent to continent.

(Map of Major Afro-Eurasian Long Distance Trade Routes) Which of the following about Afro-Eurasian trade is supported by the map above?

The Ottoman Empire was located at the intersection of major trading routes.

(Graph of The Atlantic Slave Trade) The trend shown on the graph above is best explained by

increased production of cash crops like sugar

Which of the following groups was Bolívar most trying to influence with the Jamaica Letter?

Creole elites

Bolívar was describing the ffects of which of the following economic policies in the Jamaica Letter?

Mercantilism

The expansion of communication and trade networks in Afro-Eurasia from 600 CE to 1450 CE resulted in the spread of which of the following from South Asia?

Technological and scientific concepts, such as the decimal and zero

Which of the following is a major difference between the social structures of China and India between 600 BCE and 600 CE?

Confucian social hierarchy privileged government officials.

The African proverb, "Until the lions have their historians, tales of hunting will always glorify the hunter", conveys which of the following?

History usually reflects the viewpoint of the victors.

(Map of fourteenth century north and west africa). The map above indicates that

Mali was a major source and hub of the gold trade.

(World Map). The trade patterns shown on the map above depict

British imports of raw materials and exports of finished goods during the nineteenth century

(Map of Asia) The Map above shows which of the following empires at its greatest extent?

The Mongol Empire

The United States Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen reflect a shared concern for

protection of private property

A historian researching the effects of Christian missionaries' activities on local social structures in late-nineteenth-century Africa would probably find which of the following sources most useful?

African accounts on converting to Christianity

What was the leading cause of the unprecedented increase in global population in the twentieth century?

The impact of medical innovations and public health measures

In the fictionalized account of the origins of Buddhism outlined in the passage above, Ya Huan's purpose was most likely to

assert the superiority of Chinese culture over non-Chinese cultures

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