circa 3000 B.C.
Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by King Menes
circa 5000 B.C.
Settlement along the Nile
First/oldest era of Egyptian history, when pyramids were built
Last of the eras of Egyptian history, when Rameses, Hatshepsut and Tut ruled
King Menes' other name; unifier of Egypt c. 3000 B.C.
Stone that contained carved messages in hieroglyphics, Greek and demotic. Led to translation of ancient hieroglyphics.
The Great Pharaoh; ruled for 67 years
Unimportant, but useful, Pharaoh
First female pharaoh
Greek conquerer of Egypt (circa 300 B.C.)
Alexander's general who made himself pharaoh, and started Ptolemaic Dynasty which ended with Cleopatra
Rome conquers Egypt
Large stone statue with the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh, located at Giza
Preservation of body for the afterlife
Lower class builders of pyramids (not slaves)
god or goddess
ancient Egyptian pictograph writing
body which has been preserved and wrapped in linen
upper class person; aristocrat; hoity-toity
reed plant used to make early form of paper
ancient Egyptian king
huge stone tomb for a pharaoh (or queen)
Unfree person; a person who is owned by another person and works without pay
dry or arid region with little or no vegetation
triangle shaped fertile area at the mouth of a river
a line or series of rulers from a single family
area of steep rapids in a river formed by cliffs and boulders
preserve a body after death