← History final exam Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Hernan Cortes
- Eleanor of Aquitaine
- Henry II of England
- a Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
- b King in 1154 and was responsible for creating the common law and jury systems. Had a conflict with the Church via Thomas Becket - Consolidated power in monarchy
- c king of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor, conqueror of the Lombards and Saxons (742-814)
- d Queen of France as the wife of Louis VII, powerful french duchess / Challenged monarchial power over the Church
- e Last ruling Inca emperor of Peru. He was executed by the Spanish.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- became abbess of a religious house for females in western Germany; first great woman composer/ Founder of Monasteries in Rupertsberg and Eibingen
- a statesman of Florence who advocated a strong central government (1469-1527),, (1469-1527) Wrote The Prince which contained a secular method of ruling a country. "End justifies the means." (is it better to be feared or loved?)
- the pope who fought to establish the supremacy of the pope over the Church and the supremacy of the Church over the state (1020-1085)/ Investiture Controversy (Dispute with Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor) - Affirmed the primacy of papal authority - Established the election of the Pope via the College of Cardinals
- was a Viking who found and named Greenland. Even thought this was a cold land Eric the Red named it Greenland to encourage people to come to this area to settle.
- pope who called for the First Crusade 1095 (1042-1099)
5 True/False Questions
Flagellants → People who whipped themselves to cleanse their sin--they thought Plague was God's punishment for sins.
Elizabeth I → was a Viking who found and named Greenland. Even thought this was a cold land Eric the Red named it Greenland to encourage people to come to this area to settle.
Louis XIV → king of France from 1643 to 1715; his long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles (1638-1715)
peninsular → member of the highest class in Spain's colonies in the Americas
Thomas Beckett → English statesman who opposed Henry VIII's divorce from Catherine of Aragon and was imprisoned and beheaded