AP IV English Combined Vocabulary List

417 terms by Jangort 

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oikos

the household; implying an estate, like a manor with family and servants, all centering on and dependent upon a marriage

polis

the ordered, consciously constructed city where the aim is to establish justice

physis

nature, the flow of things, the rhythm of being

nomos

law, custom, convention; the custom of the community; man-made ordinances, but based on divine order, including unwritten laws

cosmos

the order of the universe, a world

hybris

overweening pride and insolence; wanton violence; in tragedy, the human attempt to

hubris

bypass mortal limits and to be a god

nemesis

just indignation; retribution; a supernatural force that tracks down those who have committed an offense

ate

ruin, blind folly; infatuation; a curse passed down in a family line

eros

the motivating desire (love) that flows through all things, binding them together; in humans it can be a source of madness

themis

the ancient right order of things, justice as a tradition: the earth, the "mothers"

dike

justice that is arrived at by thought and reflection; the right order of Zeus; and incarnation of justice

moira

fate - that which fallas to the lot of anyone; one's portion; a due and regular share

tyche

chance, fortune, luck; irrational contingency; that which "happens"

sophrosyne

the ideal of the classical Greeks: balance, harmony, beauty, wholeness, purity

megalopsychos

the great-souled man of whom Aristotle writes; the ideal tragic hero

kairos

the right time for action; critical moment; due season; the moment of divine inspiration

chronos

time as the unfolding of all things; the successive movement of events; the beholder, conserver, and revealer of human actions

telos

the end, purpose, and final ordering of an action

praxis

action in the sense of doing

poiesis

action in the sense of making

theoria

action in the sense of contemplating

pathos

the state of being acted upon; passion, suffering

mimesis

imitation, in the sense of making a representation, an image, or a model

catharsis

the purging and illuminating that tragedy effects through pity and fear

hamartia

the "tragic flaw"; missing the mark; a blindness

peripeteia

reversal of the situation; peripety; a turnabout

anagnoris

the revelation, enlightenment, which occurs in the course of a tragedy

mythos

plot

ethos

character

aristeia

display of superior prowess and skill

peitho

persuasion; charming speech

tetralogy

a group of four dramas, three tragedies and one satyr play

satyr

one of a class of woodland deities, attendant on Bacchus, represented as part human, part horse

miasma

a dangerous, foreboding, or deathlike influence or atmosphere

aggregation

a group or mass of distinct or varied things, persons, etc.

chthonic

of or pertaining to the deities, spirits, and other beings dwelling under the earth

adroitly

cleverly skillful, resourceful, or ingenious

pianissimo

very softly

reticulation

arrangement resembling a net or network

patrimony

an estate inherited from one's father or ancestors

usurpation

wrongful or illegal encroachment, infringement, or seizure

catechism

an elementary book containing a summary of the principles of religion, esp. as maintained by a

matricide

the act of killing one's mother

theodicy

a vindication of the divine attributes, particularly holiness and justice, in establishing or allowing

armada

any fleet of warships

citadel

a fortress that commands a city and is used in the control of the inhabitants and in defense during

bridle

anything that restrains or curbs

saffron

yellow-orange

libation

an intoxicating beverage when drunk in ceremonial or celebrative situations

bastion

anything seen as preserving or protecting some quality, condition

yoke

an emblem or symbol of subjection, servitude, slavery, etc.

rapine

the violent seizure and carrying off of another's property; plunder

unction

an excessive, affected, sometimes cloying earnestness or fervor in manner

tribunal

court of justice

acropolis

a raised area holding a building or cluster of buildings

adjutant

staff officer who assists the commanding officer

allay

to put (fear, doubt, suspicion, anger, etc.) to rest; calm; quiet

acanthus

a plant having spiny or toothed leaves and showy, white or purplish flowers

assiduous

constant; unremittin

astern

in a position behind a specified vessel or aircraft

augury

an omen, token, or indication

bilge

rounded area that forms the transition between the bottom and the side on the exterior of a hull

buffett

to force one's way by a fight, struggle

bullock

a young bull

castigate

to criticize or reprimand severely

clamber

climb with effort or difficulty

compunction

contrition; remorse

cozen

to cheat, deceive, or trick

cuirass

defensive armor for torso, a breastplate and backplate

din

a loud, confused noise

eddying

moving or whirling

feign

put on an appearance of

festal

pertaining to or befitting a feast, festival, holiday, or gala occasion

filial

of, pertaining to, or befitting a son or daughter

flank

the side of an animal or a person between the ribs and hip

flay

to whip or lash

flotilla

a group of small naval vessels

gale

a very strong wind

harpy

a ravenous, filthy monster having a woman's head and a bird's body

hawser

a heavy rope for mooring or towing

hinterland

the remote or less developed parts of a country; back country

hummock

a knoll or hillock

ilex

a holly

immedicable

incurable

implacable

not to be appeased, mollified, or pacified

incendiary

tending to arouse strife, sedition; inflammatory

inviolable

incapable of being violated; incorruptible

marjoram

any of several aromatic herbs belonging to the genus Origanum, of the mint family

mollify

to mitigate or reduce; soften

nymph

a beautiful or graceful young woman

palter

to bargain with; haggle

pinion

to disable (someone) in such a manner; shackle

placate

to appease or pacify

prodigious

extraordinary in size, amount, extent, degree, force

propitious

presenting favorable conditions; favorable

quail

to lose heart or courage in difficulty or danger; shrink with fear

rabble

a disorderly crowd; mob

resplendent

shining brilliantly; gleaming; splendid

rondure

a circle or sphere

scabrous

indecent or scandalous

skein

anything wound in or resembling a coil

spelt

a wheat

staunch

firm or steadfast in principle, adherence, loyalty

trident

the three-pronged spear forming a characteristic attribute of the sea godPoseidon, or Neptune

abridge

to shorten or diminish

abrogate

to abolish

afoot

developing or in the process of happening

anomaly

irregularity; straying from the norm

antiquated

obsolete; out of fashion; no longer usable

baseness

the quality of lacking higher values

bestial

brutal without reason; having the attributes of a savage

bourgeois

pertaining to the middle class

brazen

shameless; insolent; disrespectful

carnal

marked by sexuality that is often frank and unrelieved by higher emotions

chary

careful; cautious

chide

to voice disapproval; to scold

circumscribed

restricted or limited

clemency

leniency

cognate

related

communal

pertaining to a group or community

compliance

a yielding; acquiescence

confound

to cause one to become confused

conjecture

guesswork;an inference or conclusion drawn or deduced by surmise or

consonance

agreement or harmony

convocation

an assembly where there is a coming together

cursory

superficial

desultory

disconnected; rambling

dexterous

skillful and active with the hands; manually adroit and skillful

discord

a lack of agreement; strife; tension

edifying

spiritually or morally instructing and improving

ensconce

to place securely; to conceal

entreaty

a plea; an earnest request

equivocal

ambiguous, usually intended to deceive

extant

still in existence

factitious

artificial

felicitous

happy or delightful

felling

cutting down or knocking down a tree; killing

forbearance

patience, lenience

forestalled

prevented or delayed beforehand

fret

to worry or be annoyed

galling

very irritating

germane

important to the issue at hand; pertaining to

gilded

covered with gold or having a golden color; having a background of wealth

grate

to cause irritation

gratis

free

gravity

seriousness; importance

heed

to give attention

hie

to go quickly; to hasten

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