First Battle of the Marne
German advance was halted which turned into a stalemate and resulted in the western front., September 6, 1914
England and France's attempt to take over the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) by the way of Dardanelles Strait. 1915
Battle of Jutland
Biggest and only naval battle between subs and battleships; in the North Sea 1916
Battle of Tannenburg
Aug. 1914, Russia pushed into Germany, Russia lost significant losses
Battle of Britain
the prolonged bombardment of British cities by the German Luftwaffe during World War II and the aerial combat that accompanied it- 1940
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Attacked on December 7, 1941.
Battle of Coral Sea
A battle between Japanese and American naval forces that stopped the Japanese advance on Australia. May 7-8 1942
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.
Battle of El Alamain
1943 Rommel's British troops were stopped by the British forces. After his British troops retreated back across the desert, American forces forced the German and Italian troops to surrender. Eliminated Axis foothold in North Africa
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on a Soviet city during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
Battle of the Bulge
WWII battle in which German forces launched a final counterattack in the west December 1944- January 1945
Battle of Okinawa
Allied victory over Japan on an island 350 miles from mainland Japan; March-June 1945
Battle of Leyte Gulf
1944 World War II naval battle betweeen the United States and Japan. Largest naval engagement in history. Japaneze navy was defeated.
North African Campaign
Allies made plans to attack North Africa. Allies drove Germany out of North Africa in May 1943.
Invasion of Ethiopia
In 1935, Mussolini brutally attacked this country with bombers and tanks, while natives were left to defend their country with spears and outdated weapons. This all could have been avoided if the league of nations had declared an oil embargo on Italy.
The allied campaign to take this country. It took 18 months, from 1943-1944. The country surrendered after many beach landings and other dangerous tactics.
the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
bomb dropped by an American bomber on Hiroshima and Nagasaki destroying both cities
a "Chinese" attack on a Japanese railway near the city of Mukden (had actually been carried out by Japanese soldiers disguised as Chinese); used by Japan as an excuse to seize Manchuria
Paris Peace Conference
January 1919 The peace conference that decided the terms of WWI peace and Treaty of Versailles.
Meeting in 1938 in which France and Britain sought to appease German aggression and avert war- ended up giving Germany the Sudetenland
1943 Conference between FDR, Churchill and Chiang Kai-Shek to discuss post-war plans for Asia and allied positions against Japan
Casa Blanca Conference
Allies meet Jan 1943 decided on plans of Italian Campaign
December 1943 First major meeting between the Big Three (United States, Britain, Russia) at which they planned the 1944 assault on France and agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation after the war
February 1945 FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War
The final wartime meeting of Truman, Stalin and Churchill was held in July, 1945. They discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.
1948 Soviet attempt to starve out the allies in Berlin in order to gain supremacy. High point in the Cold War, and it led to the Berlin Airlift.
Greek Civil War
1946-1949. Greek gov. fighting against communist guerrillas; initially aided by Soviet Union; US eventually stepped in; first step towards containment
1905, peaceful protest to czar Nicholas II palace, led by Father Gapon, fired on by palace guards, 100s died
The revolution that began January 1905 with Bloody Sunday and ended with Nicholas II creating the October Manifesto.
In 1917 in Russia it was the first stage of the Russian Revolution of 1917. Its immediate result was the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, and the end of the Romanov dynasty. A provisional, non-Communist government under Alexander Kerensky.
The overthrow of Russia's Provisional Government in the fall of 1917 by Lenin and his Bolshevik forces.