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acute

sudden, sharp, severe

biopsy

surgical removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination

chronic

opposite of acute
pertaining to time
long term
slow progression

diagnosis

determination of the cause and nature of the disease

disease

lack of ease
pathological condition of the body that presents with a series of symptoms, signs and laboratory findings

excision

process of cutting out
surgical removal

incision

process of cutting into

malignant

formation of a bad kind
growing worse, harmful, cancerous

necrosis

abnormal condition of death tissue

paracentesis

surgical puncture of a body cavity for fluid removal

prognosis

a state of forknowledge
prediciton of a disease and recovery rate

prophylactic

preventing or protecting against disease or pregnancy

geriatrics

study of aspects of aging

pediatrics

pertaining to the treatment of children

Dx

diagnosis

Hx

history

inflammation

bodys defense against injury, infection, or allegery
4 signs: swelling, redness, pain, heat

internal medicine

medical specialty concerned with the overall health and well being of adults

-aglesia

condition of pain

-cyte

cell

-genesis

formation / produce

-logy

study of

-therapy

treatment

-ia

condition of

-osis

abnormal condiiton

-edema

swelling

-itis

inflammation

-oma

tumor

-pathy

disease

-rrhage

bursting forth

-rrhea

flow discharge

-trophy

nourishment
development

-centesis

surgical puncture

-ectomy

surgical excision
surgical removal
resection

-gram

weight

-graph

instrument for recording

-graphy

recording

-meter

instrument to measure

-metry

measurement

-scope

instrument for examining

-scopy

visual examination
to view
examine

epithelium

structure that covers the internal and external organs of the body and the lining of vessels, body, cavities, glands, and organs

hypertrophy

excessive nourishment

infection

process whereby a pathogenic microorganism invades the body, reproduces, multiplies and causes disease

trauma

physical injury or wound caused by external force, violence or a toxic substance

history

a record of past events as they relate to person and his or her medical background

-iasis

abnormal condiiton

-ist

refers to someone who specializes

lesion

injury or wound

a-,an-

no
witout
lack of
apart

anti-

agianst

dys

bad
difficult
painful
abnormal

eu-

good.normal

hetero-

different

micro-

small

psuedo-

false

peri-

around

endo-

within, inner

epi-

upon
above
over

hyper-

above
beyond
excessive

hypo-

below
under
deficient

inter-

between

intra-

within, into

sub-

below
under
beneath

bi-

two
double

milli-

one thousandth

multi-

many
much

hemi-

half

tri-

three

hypoplasia

underdevelopment of tissue, organ, or body

sign

any objective clinical evidence of an illness or disordered function of the body
can be seen, heard, measured or felt by the examiner

symptom

any perceptible change in the function of the body that indicates disease

Sx

symptoms

syndrome

group of signs, symptoms, laboratory findings, and psychological disturbances that are linked by a common history

trans-

across
over
beyond

cyt/o

cell

hist/o

tissue

path/o

disease

somat/o

body

viscer/o

body organs

homeostasis

state of equilibrium that is maintained within the bodys internal environment

mitochondria

involved in cellular metabolism and respiration
provides the principle source of cellular energy and is the place where complex, energy releasing chemical reactions occur continuously
aka power plants

tissue

a grouping of similar cells that together perform specialized functions

epithelial tissue

sheetlike arrangement of cells, sometimes several layers thick, that form the outer surfaces of the body and line the body cavities and the principle tubes and passageways leading to the exterior

connective tissue

most widespread and abundant of the body tissues
forms the supporting network for the organs of the body, sheaths the muscles, and connects muscles to bones and bones to joints

muscles tissue

3 types: skeletal, smooth, cardiac

nerve tissue

nerve cells and supporting cells called neuroglia.
has the properties of exitability and condunctively and functions to control and coordinate the activities of the body

organ

multiple different tissues serving a common purpose or function make up structures

superior

above
in an upward direction
toward the head

inferior

below
downward direction
more toward the feet or tail

anterior aka ventral

in front of
before
front side of the body

posterior aka dorsal

toward the back
back side of the body

medial

nearest the midline
middle

lateral

to the side
away from the middle

proximal

nearest the point of attachment
near the beginning of a structure

distal

away from the point of attachment or far from the beginning of a structure

thoracic cavity

area of the chest containing the heart and the lungs

abdominopelvic cavity

the combination of the abdominal and pelvic cavities

9 region of abdominopelvic cavity

right hypochondriac
left hypochondriac
epigastric
right lumbar
left lumbar
umbilical
right iliac
left iliac
hypogastric

tars/o

ankle

brach/i

arm

thorac/o

chest

cephal/o

head

cervic/o

neck

anatomy

to cut up/ cut apart
study of the structure of an organism such as humans

cranial

pertaining to the cranium

cytology

study of cells

histology

study of tissue

internal

within or inside

pathology

study of disease

physiology

study of the function of living organisms anatomy and physiology is the combination of the study of the anatomy and physiology of the human body

systemic

pertaining to the body as a whole

visceral

body organs enclosed within a cavity, especially abdominal organs

therapeutic

used in treatment of a disease or condition such as an allergy
to relieve the symptoms or sustain the patient until other measures are instituted

prophylactic

certain drugs such as immunizing agents are used to ward off or lessen the severity of a disease

peripheral

located further from the center

derm/o

skin

dermat/o

skin

erythr/o

red

kerat/o

horn

melan/o

black

myc/o

fungus

epidermis

outer protective covering of the body that can be divided into five strata

dermis

nourishes the epidermis
provides strength
supports blood vessels

subcutaneous tissue

supports, nourishes, insulates, and cushions the skin

sebaceous gland

lubricates the hair and skin

sudoriferous gland

secretes sweat or perspiration, helps cool the body by evaporation.
also rids the body of waste

basal cell carcinoma

epithelial malignant tumor of the skin that rarely metastasizes.
usually begins as a small, shiny papule and enlarges to form a whitish border

cicatrix

scar left after the healing of the wound

cyst

closed sac that contains fluid, semifluid or solid material

debridement

removal of foreign material or damaged or dead tissue especially in a wound. it is used to promote healing and prevent infection

erythema

redness of the skin
may be caused by capillary congestion, inflammation, heat, sunlight, or cold temperature

exudate

production of pus or serum

gangrene

an eating sore
it is a necrosis or death of tissue or bone that usually results from a deficient or absent blood supply to the area

pruritus

severe itching

rosacea

chronic disease of the skin of the face marked by varying degrees of papules, pustules, erythema, telangectasia, and hyperplasia of the soft tissues of the nose
usually occurs in middle aged and older ppl

seborrhea

excessive flow of oil from the sebaceous glands

sebum

fatty/oily secretion produced by the sebaceous glands

squamos cell carcinoma

malignant tumor of squamos epithelial tissue

ulcer

open lesion or sore of the epidermis or mucous membrane

varicella

contagious viral disease characterized by fever, headache, and a crop of red spots that become macules, papules, vesicles, and crusts
aka chicken pox

xeroderma

dry skin

antibiotic agents

agents that destroy or stop growth of microorganisms
prevents infection associated with minor skin abrasions and to treat superficial skin infections and acne

BCC

basal cell carcinoma

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