Latin 3 H - Final Exam Figures of Speech

20 terms by oxguy3 

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Definitions of major figures of speech from Appendix B in "Horace: A Legamus" (except for "brachylogy", "ellipsis", and "polyptoton")

alliteration

the repetition of the same letter or sound, usually initial, in two or more words

anaphora

the repetition of a word or words, often at the beginning of successive clauses

anastrophe

an inversion of the usual order of words

asyndeton

the omission of conjunctions

chiasmus

the arrangement of corresponding pairs of words in opposite order ABBA

enjambment

the running over of a phrase, clause, or sentence from one line to the next

hyperbaton

the radical displacement of words

hyperbole

rhetorical exaggeration

juxtaposition

the placement of two words that form a contrast next to each other

litotes

(or understatement) usually involves the assertion of something by denying its opposite

metaphor

an implied comparison

metonymy

the substitution of one word for another that it suggests

personification

an attribution of the element of personality to an inanimate thing

simile

a figure of speech that likens or asserts an explicit comparison between two different things in one or more of their aspects

synchysis

an interlocked order of words ABAB

synecdoche

the use of a part for the whole, or the reverse

tmesis

the separation of a compound word

transferred epithet

an adjective that has been transferred from the word to which it strictly belongs to another word connected with it in thought

tricolon

the use of three parallel clauses or phrases occurring together in a series

tricolon crescens

tricolon where the third clause is longer than the ones before

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