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staff

The 5 lines and 4 spaces used to notate music.

beat

The pulse of the music

bar line

Divides the staff into measures

measure

the space between two bar lines

double bar line

Tells you the music is finished.

repeat sign

repeat the music within the double bar lines

G clef

Another name for Treble Clef.

F clef

another name for bass clef

EGBDF

The lines on treble staff

FACE

THE space of the treble clef

GBDFA

lines on bass staff

ACEG

The space of the bass clef

time signature

tells how many beats are in each measure and what kind of note gets one beat

sharp

raise pitch by half step

flat

lower by half step

natural

cancels a sharp or flat

key signature

tells you which notes to play sharp or flat

accidental

is a sharp, flat or natural that occurs in the music and changes the key signature for the rest of the measure.

whole NOTE

4 BEATS OF SOUNDS

dotted half NOTE

3 BEAT OF SOUNDS

half note

2 beat of sound

quater note

1 beat of sound

eighth note

1/2 beat of sound

sixteenth note

1/4 of sound

whole rest

4 beats of silence

half rest

2 beats of silence

eighth rest

1/2 beat of silence

sixteenth rest

1/4 of a beat of silence

phrase

A musical sentence

breath mark

a mark at the end of a phrase, telling you owhen to take a breath

duet

n. A composition for two instruments.

fermata

hold the note longer than its normal value

bird's eye

is also called a fermata

harmony

when two or more notes are played at the same time.

Pick-up-notes

are beats borrowed from the last measure and put at the beginning of a song.

dynamics

tells you how loud or soft to play

forte (F)

means to play strong (loud)

Mezzo Forte (MF)

Means to play medium strong (medium strong)

piano (p)

means to play soft

Crescendo

start soft gradually getting louder

decrescendo

start strong gradually getting softer

diminuendo

another word for decrescendo

tempo

speed of music

allegro

Fast tempo

Moderato

means to play at a medium speed

Andante

play slow

D.C. al Fine

return to the beginning and play to fine

D.C.

mean Da Capo

Fine

The End

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