Chapter 5 vocabulary

29 terms by gwenmills 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

barrier islands

low, narrow, sandy islands that form offshore from a coastline.

benthic

The bottom of a sea or lake

biomes

a broad, regional type of ecosystem characterized by distinctive climate and soil conditions and a distinctive kind of biological community adapted to those conditions.

bogs

an area of waterlogged soil that tends to be peaty; fed mainly by precipitation; low productivity; some bogs are acidic.

boreal forest

A broad band of mixed coniferous and deciduous trees that stretches across northern North America (and also Europe and Asia); its northernmost edfe, the taiga, intergrades with the artic tundra

chaparral

Thick, dense, thorny evergreen shrub found in Mediterranean climates

cloud forest

High mountain forests where temperatures are uniformly cool and fog or mist keeps vegetation wet all the time

conifer

Needle-bearing tree that produce seeds in cones

coral reefs

Prominent oceanic features composed of hard, limy skeletons produced by coral animals; usually formed along edges of shallow, submerged ocean banks or along shelves in warm, shallow, tropical seas

deciduous

Trees and shrubs that shed their leaves at the end of the growing season

deserts

a type of biome characterized by low moisture levels and infrequent and unpredictable precipitation. Daily and seasonal temperatures fluctuate widely.

estuaries

a bay or drowned valley where a river empties into the sea

fens

areas of waterlogged soil that tend to be peaty; fed mainly by upwelling water; low productivity

grasslands

A biome dominated by grasses and associated herbaceous plants

mangroves

Trees from a number of genera that live in salt water

marshes

wetlands without trees; in North America, this type of land is characterized by cattails and rushes

pelagic

Zones in the vertical water column of a water body

phytoplankton

Microscopic, free-floating, autotrophic organisms that function as producers in aquatic ecosystems

reefs

Consist of colonies of minute, colonial animals that live symbiotically with photosynthetic algae

southern pine forests

United States coniferous forest ecosystem characterized by a warm, moist climate

swamps

wetland with trees, such as the extensive swamp forests of the southern U.S.

taiga

The northernmost edge of the boreal forest, including species-poor woodland and peat deposits; intergrading with the arctic tundra

temperate rainforest

The cool, dense, rainy forests of the northern Pacific coast; enshrouded in fog much of the time; dominated by large conifers

thermocline

In water, a distinctive temperature transition zone that separates an upper layer that is mixed by wind (the epilimnion) and a colder, deep layer that is not mixed (the hypolimnion)

thorn scrub

a dry, semi-desert dominated by acacias and other spiny shrubs

tropical rainforest

Forests in which rainfall is abundant - more that 200 cm (80 in) per year - and temperatures are warm or hot year-round

tropical seasonal forests

semievergreen or partly deciduous forests tending toward open woodlands and grassy savannas dotted with scattered, drought-resistant tree species; distinct wet and dry seasons, hot year-round

tundra

Treeless arctic or alpine biome characterized by cold, harsh winters, a short growing season, and potential for frost any month of the year; vegetation includes low-growing perennial plants, mosses and lichens

wetlands

Ecosystems of several types in which vegetation is surrounded by stand water during part of the year

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set