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Passed in 1920, the _____ made it illegal for anyone to make, sell, or transport any drink that contained more than one-half of one-percent of alcohol by volume.

Volstead Act

The Democratic candidate in the election of 1928 was

Al Smith

Beyond stimulating the American economy the automobile also dramatically changed American life.

True

The African- American leader who promoted African-American business enterprises and pan-African unity was

Marcus Garvey

For the most part, industrial workers were better off economically than farmers in the 1920s.

True

Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon pushed for

Lower personal taxes for the rich

The root of the farmers problems in the 1920s was

Overproduction

Which of the following individuals was not prominent writer of the 1920s?

Alfred Kinsey

The American worker in the 1920s

Did not share fully in the new affluence

For the most part, writers in the 1920s shared a sense of hope and wrote optimistically of the promises of American life

False

The Red Scare of 1919

Was an outgrowth of the intense nationalism of World War I

The famous evolution trial of 1925 involved biology teacher

John scopes

The revolution in consumer goods

Disguised the decline of many traditional industries

The Democratic party in the 1920s

Was badly split between its urban and rural branches

The American economy in the 1920s saw explosive growth in

The consumer-good industries

During the Red Scare of 1919-1920,________led the attack on the alien threat.

A. Mitchell Palmer

The honesty and integrity of ____reassured the nation after the Harding scandals and Harding's death in 1923.

Calvin Coolidge

The chief figure in the Teapot Dome scandal was

Albert fall

The weakest area of the American economy in the 1920s was

Agriculture

The ______symbolized the flowering of African American culture in the 1920s.

Harlem Renaissance

Each of the following weakened organized labor in the 1920s except

Intensive government intervention in labor affairs

The key to the new affluence of the 1920s lay in

The discovery of new sources of raw materials

Which of the following groups were possible targets of Ku Klux Klan violence in the 1920s?

All of the above

The economic trends of the 1920s were almost entirely positive in character, with few signs that the economy might falter in the years to come.

False

The famous female evangelist of the 1920s was

Aimee Semple McPherson

During the 1920s, the National Woman's Party campaigned for

An Equal Rights Amendment

Which of the following groups was exempted from the provisions of the National Origins Act of 1921?

Mexicans

While industry grew significantly in the twenties, the national per-capita income actually decreased during the same period.

False

1. Young men hired to clear land, plant trees, build bridges, and fish ponds by the

CCC.

The major political impact of the Great Depression was to bring about a strengthening of the Republican Party.

False

The only consistently healthy sector of the economy in the 1920s was agriculture.

False

Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisers believed that to restore purchasing power to famers, production should be _______

Cut

The Social Security Act of 1935 included a program of national health insurance.

False

By 1935, the New Deal coalition included support from all of the following EXCEPT ________

Big Businesses

7. Roosevelt's "court packing" proposal

All of the above

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) was designed to

Bring modernization and jobs to desolate area of the upper rural South

The "Hundred Days" was

The period immediately after Roosevelt's first inauguration

The Indian Reorganization Act was designed to help Native Americans become self-sufficient farmers.

False

The Agricultural Adjustment Act

Was found unconstitutional in 1936

The National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act

Granted workers the right to organize and collectively bargain

The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was designed to

Loan money to financial institutions to prevent bankruptcies

In 1935, John L. Lewis organized the

Congress of Industrial Organizations

By 1932, what percentages of American workers were unemployed?

25

A short-lived agency that employed 4 million people to build roads, schools, playgrounds, and athletic facilities was the

CWA

The first woman Cabinet member was

Frances Perkins

18. The Congress of Industrial Organizations

Was opposed by President Roosevelt

Which of the following was NOT a program of the Hoover administration to ameliorate the Depression?

White House business conferences

Which of the following New Deal programs did the Supreme Court declare unconstitutional

Civil Works Administration

Roosevelt's Hundred Days banking legislation was designed to

Supports strong banks and eliminate the weaker ones

Hoover believed that unemployment relief

Should come from private charities

Which New Deal agency was designed to help American artists?

WPA

The Townsend Plan was a forerunner of the National Labor relations Act

False

Huey Long advocated

"Sharing the wealth"

During the Hundred Days, Roosevelt did all of the following, except

Propose government ownership of major industries

Francis Townsend advocated that the federal government pay 200$ each month to

All Americans over the age of 60

The fundamental cause of the Great Depression was that income had not been distributed evenly enough to give people the purchasing power to buy all the consumer goods being produced

True

1. During World War II, Germany, Italy, and Japan were collectively known as the ______ powers.

Axis

2. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected president

Four Times

3. President Truman's primary motive for using nuclear weapons against Japan was to

End the war as quickly as possible

4. During World War II, which group was placed in relocation camps in the United States?

Japanese Americans

5. The United States' strategy against Japan in the Pacific can be described as

Island hopping

6. The Senate Nye Committee hearings of the 1930s

Relied, in part, on the "merchants of death" thesis to explain United States participation in World War I

7. At the Yalta Conference in 1945, Stalin refused to commit the Soviet Union to joining the war against Japan

True

8. The Munich Conference considered Germany's demands on

The Sudeten region of Czechoslovakia

9. The naval armaments of the major world powers were significantly reduced

Seizing German territory

10. Britain and France responded to initial German aggression by

Attempting to appease Hitler

11. Which one of the following battles prevented the Japanese assault on Australia?

Battle of the Coral Sea

12. The Fascist dictator of Italy was

Benito Mussolini

13. The so-called "zoot-suit" riots in Los Angeles in 1943 were targeted at

Mexican Americans

14. Germany's use of tanks, armored columns, and dive bombers in close coordination was known as

Blitzkrieg

15. The Lend-Lease Act of 1941
Ensured the British easier access to

American war supplies

16. In the 1930s, Americans' memories of World War I were largely negative and had a significant effect on foreign policy

True

17. In 1931, the illusion of peace was shattered by the Japanese invasion of

Manchuria

18. At the end of World War II, Japan surrendered before Germany surrendered

False

19. Great Britain's leader during World War II was

Winston Churchill

20. Which Washington Conference treaty pledged to uphold the Open Door policy?

Five Power Treaty

21. To get American war supplies across the Atlantic, Great Britain

Relied on the American navy to escort their supply convoys

22. With the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939, President Roosevelt

Declared American neutrality

23. In the election of 1944, Franklin D. Roosevelt narrowly defeated Harry Truman for the presidency

False

24. In December 1941, the U.S. declared war on Germany because

Germany had declared war on the U.S.

25. The supporters of the Kellogg-Briand Pact hoped to

Initiate the process toward the outlawing of war

26. During 1940-1941, President Roosevelt attempted to halt Japanese aggression in Asia by

Applying economic pressure on Japan through a trade embargo

27. The Washington Conference signatories agreed to reaffirm the Open Door policy in China

True

28. Which one of the following was NOT a provision of the Neutrality Act of 1935-1937?

Complete trade embargo with all belligerent

29. The weakness of the League of Nations was revealed when Italy invaded

Ethiopia

30. The African American who proposed the 1941 March on Washington to end discrimination in defense employment was

James Meredith

1. At the beginning of the Korean War, North Korea was

Strongly supported by the Soviet Union

2. After World War II, the United States spent billions helping to rebuild the Soviet Union.

False

3. The American public reacted well when Truman relieved MacArthur from duty.

False

4. The passage of the National Security Act in 1947

Acted to coordinate and unify America's military establishment

5. During the Battle of Dien Phu in 1954, the U.S. provided air strikes in support of French troops.

False

6. Stalin was succeeded by

Nikita Khrushchev

7. When the Soviet Union shot down a United States spy plane in 1960, the event became known as the _______ crisis.

U-2

8. When the Soviet Union sealed off the city of Berlin in 1948, President Harry Truman

Organized massive airlift to resupply the city

9. The pamphlet shown above was typical of concerns that dominated which era of United States history?

The cold war

10. Senator Joseph McCarthy gained great credibility during the Red Scare of the 1950s because f his scrupulous attention to validated fact concerning Communist espionage activities in the United States.

False

11. American policy toward Japan after World War II

Brought the transition of the Japanese government into a constitutional democracy

12. The leading figure of the Red Scare of the early 1950s was

Joseph McCarthy

13. George Kennan's "containment" policy proposed

American vigilance regarding Soviet expansionist tendencies

14. During the Eisenhower administration, the U.S. military relied mainly on

The ability of the air force to deliver nuclear weapons

15. The Soviet Union first learned of the American atomic bomb

Through the use of espionage

16. A significant aspect of the American response to the Communist triumph in China was its

Decision to focus on Japan as its major Asian ally

17. Eisenhower's secretary of state was

John Foster Dulles

18. The Marshall Plan was a great political and economic success for the United States.

True

19. The Marshall Plan proposed

The infusion of massive amounts of American capital in Western Europ

20. The National Security Act of 1947 established the

Central Intelligence Agency

21. Overall, the Marshall Plan

Generated a broad industrial recovery in Western Europe

22. The Truman Doctrine was developed as a response to problems in

Greece and Turkey

23. The leader of the Dixiecrats in the election of 1948 was

Strom Thurmond

24. In 1949 Communist forces took control of China

True

25. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

Were executed for passing American atomic secrets to the Soviet Union

26. The most famous disclosure of espionage activities in the U.S. government in the late 1940s involved the case of

Alger Hiss

1. The tone for the so-called "beat" movement was set by the novelist

Jack Kerouac

2. The best description of Eisenhower's political perspective was

Modern Republicanism

3. A major obstacle to the continuation of creative programming in 1950's television was the

Disillusionment of advertisers with such programming

4. Harry Truman's Fair Deal
Was never enacted

Was never enacted

5. Truman's Fair Deal was a resounding success.

FALSE

6. The case of "Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka" overturned the

"Plessy v. Ferguson" Decision

7. By 1960, the most racially integrated institution in American society was

The military

8. Which of the following was NOT an important stimulus to American economy in the 40's

Direct government aid.

9. The 1950's in America where characterized by

A new affluence and economic good times

10. The beginning of active African-American protest occurred in

Montgomery, Alabama

11. Which of the following is NOT true of America in the 50's.

By 1960, more than 80% of women worked outside the home.

12. The one significant legislative achievement of Eisenhower was the

Highway act of 1956.

13. MLK Jr.'s philosophy of protest stressed

Nonviolent, passive resistance.

14. The first US. Satellite in Earth's orbit was

Explorer.

15. Compared with previous presidents, Harry Truman was strongly commited to civil rights

True.

16. Eisenhower had to send in federal troops in 1957 to enforcwe the

desegregation of public schools in
Little Rock, Arkansas.

17. The Deep South responded to court-ordered desegregation

with massive resistance

18. The growth of suburban populations in the 1950''s was linked to the boom in automobile sales.

True

19. In its decision in "Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka", the supreme cout

Declared separate educational facilities to be inherently unequal

20. The NAACP lawyer who argued the "Brown vs Board of Education" decision before the Supreme Court was

Thurgood Marshall

21. The economic abundance of the 1950's

Was not shared by older industries or farmers.

22. The Arkansas governor whio defied US supreme court orders to integrate public schools was

"Orville Faubus"

23. The Supreme Court decisions decklaring segregation illegal were readily and early accepted.

False

24. The Columbia University professor accused oc cheating on a television quiz show was

Charles Van Doren

25. The National Defens Educational Act was passed in response to

The launching of Sputnik by the Soviet Union

26. The individual who invented the concept of mass construction of suburban homes was

William Levitt

27. An organization founded by MLK Jr. to promote civil rights was the

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

28. In 1946, Dr. Spock wrote a bestselling book on

Infant and child care.

29. One of the few successes of Truman's Fair Deal program was the repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act

False

30. During the 1950's, city populations actually grew more rapidly than suburban populations.

False

31. In 1953, Eisenhower appointed _____ as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

Earl Warren

32. With respect to the New Deal, Eisenhower

Maintained its welfare programs but limited their expansion.

33. According to the social critic C. Wright Mills, the real villain in 50's American Society was

The corporation

1. The 1962 Supreme Court decision school prayer was

Engle v. Vitale

2. Civil rights leader _____ advocated "black Power"

Stokley Carmichael

3. Each of the following sought the presidency in 1968 except

Martin Luther King Jr.

4. John F Kennedy played down civil rights legislation because he

Feared the possibility of alienating Southern Democrats

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