world history terms about government and economics

29 terms by dk22

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constitutional monarch

system of governing in which the ruler's power is limited by law

cabinet

group of advisers or ministers chosen by the head of a country to help make gov. decisions

federal system

system of government in which pwoer is divided between a central authority and a number of individual estates

coup d' etat

sudden seizure of political power in a nation

conservative

in the first half of the 19th century, a European---usually a wealthy landowner or noble--- who wanted to preserve the traditional monarchies of Europe

liberal

european, usually middle class, who wanted to give more political power to elected parliaments

nationalism

the belief that people should be loyal mainly to their nation---that is, to the people with whom they share a culture and history---rather than to a king or empire

middle class

social class made up of skilled workers, professionals, and wealthy farmers

laissez faire

idea that government should not interfere with or regulate industries and business

socialism

economic system in which the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the well fare of all

communism

economic system in which all means of production are owned by the people; private property does not exist and all goods and services are equally shared

suffrage

the right to cote

home rule

a control over internal matters granted to the residents of a region by a ruling government

imperialism

policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially

protectorate

country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power

self-determination

the freedom of people to decide under what form of government the wish to live

simony

the selling or buying of a position in a Christian church

Inquisition

Roman Catholic tribunal for investigating and prosecuting charges of heresy

Magna Carta

document guaranteeing basic political rights in England, drawn up by nobles and approved by King John

parliament

body of reps that make laws for a nation

theocracy

1) government in which the ruler is viewed as a divine figure
2) government controlled by religious leaders

sultan

overlord or one with power; title for Ottoman rulers during the rise of the Ottoman empire

janissaries

member of an elite force of soldiers in the Ottoman empire

daimyo

Japanese feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai

kaabuki

type of Japanese drama in which music, dance, and mime are used to tell stories

colony

a land controlled by another nation

capitalism

economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit

mercantilism

economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought

absolute monarchy

a king or queen who has unlimited power and seeks to control all aspects of life

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