a movement to end slavery
the forced removal of Africans from their homeland to serve as slaves in the Americas
Three African kingdoms, Ghana, Mali, and Songhai that were important in the trans-Sahara trade of gold form the west coast of Africa to North Africa and the Middle East. Their trade provided enough wealth to create the conditions necessary for cultural and intellectual achievement.
Believing that africa should be united to be able to push out the Europeans
African Slave Trade
African people were taken as slaves to be sold in America, in America they would work in mines & plantations. The profit went to europe where they built goods to then be sold to Africans. It was a triangle.
Government owns and operates major businesses and controls other parts of the economy
Laws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas.
A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules colonization of Africa
the refusal to purchase certain goods
crops that could be sold for money
a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country
Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily because of human actions like excessive crop planting, animal grazing, and tree cutting.
direct & indirect rule
Two types of rule used by Colonialists in Africa, Direct is when they remove a leader for one of their own officials and indirect is when they keep the leader but have control over him
a long period without rain
a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status
Empire of Ghana
a West African Kingdom that grew rich from taxing and controlling trade and established an empire in the 9th to 11th centuries A.D.
Empire of Mali
West African kingdom that obtained wealth through the gold trade, was ruled by a mansa, and made Timbuktu into a prosperous West African city, 13th-14th centuries AD
lack of food in a place; time of starving
God, Gold, Glory
three reasons that motivated europe to seek new trade routes to asia
Gold and salt made up trade and wealth in the African kingdoms because the Europeans wanted gold, and the Africans needed salt
Great Rift Valley
4,000 mile long fault line, slices thru eastern part of the contentent Red sea to the zambezi river, series of mts. and valleys formed millions or yrs ago, ferile volcanic soil, hot springs, 2 of the worlds deepest lakes
electricity generated by flowing water
A nationalist leader who fought to end oppressive laws against Africans; later became the first Prime Minister of Kenya
first Tanzanian president after they gained their independence and believed in one-party and wanted to end foreign influence
founder of Ghana's independence movement and Ghana's first president
all nutrients taken out of soil
Leopold Sedar Senghor
he was a poet, leader of the Negritude movment and he believed all africans should have pride in their heritage
this Mali king brought Mali to its peak of power and wealth from 1312 the 1337; he was the most powerful king in west africa
a violent movement against European settlers that eventually led to Kenya's decolonization from Britain
A nondemocratic rule in which the military intervenes directly in politics as the organization that can solve the problems.
people who work to spread their religious beliefs
an economic system based on money rather than barter
South African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation's first democratically elected president in 1994 (born in 1918)
people (or countries) who are not aligned with other people (or countries) in a pact or treaty
A group of peacekeeping soldiers form various African nations mandated to report violations of cease- fire agreements, atrocities and killings occurring in Sudan in Dafur.
Rule by one political party, with other parties banned or excluded from power.
literature that is spoken and handed down through generations
emphasized the unity of Africans and people of African descent around the world
Africa is called this because the Europeans knew so little about it
farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer without surpluses for marketing
Mali trading city that became a center of wealth and learning
movement of people from rural areas to cities
W.E.B. Du Bois
fought for African American rights. Helped to found Niagra Movement in 1905 to fight for and establish equal rights. This movement later led to the establishment of the NAACP
white man's burden
idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized
Zulu Nation (Shaka Zulu)
African leader who conquered most of southern africa he was considered a hero
a deceptive outward appearance; a misrepresentation
A deadly infectious disease that has killed millions across the globe. It has had the largest affect in sub-Saharan Africa where it has stalled poverty relief and is partially responsible to the continued increase in the poverty rate there.