a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.
division of powers
Basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions by which governmental powers are divided on a geographic basis (in the United States, between the National Government and the States).
The powers of the national government in foreign affairs that the Supreme Court has declared do not depend on constitutional grants but rather grow out of the very existence of the national government
powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution
powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution
powers that can be exercised by the National Government alone
Makes National law supreme over state laws in constitutional affairs
Steps in admitting a new state
1. Enabling Act, 2. State Constitution prepared 3. Popular Vote 3. Act of Admission
the first step in the state admission procedure which enables the people of a territory to prepare a constitution
Act of Admission
an act creating a new state
powers saved for the states
powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
grants of federal money or other resources to the states or their cities, counties, and other local units.
Giving money back to the state and local government with no strings attached
Grant for which Congress appropriates funds for a specific purpose
one type of federal grants-in-aid for some particular but broadly defined area of public policy
grants made to States, private agencies for projects
An agreement among two or more states. Congress must approve most such agreements.
Full faith and Credit Clause
Constitution's requirement that each state accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state
the surrender of an accused or convicted person by one state or country to another (usually under the provisions of a statute or treaty)
Privileges and immunities clause
no State can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in other States