Compounds in foods that sustain your body processes. There are 6 classes: carbohydrates, fats (lipids), proteins, vitamins, minerals, & water.
Measurement of energy in foods. Commonly referred to as "calories"
Numerous reactions that occur within the cell. The calories in foods are converted to energy in the cells of the body.
Nonnutritive compounds in plant foods that may play a role in fighting chronic diseases.
Science that studies how the nutrients & compounds in foods that you eat nourish & affect your body functions and health.
Energy containing essential nutrients that you need in higher amounts: carbohydrates, lipids (fats), & proteins.
Essential nutrients that you need in smaller amounts: vitamins & minerals.
Substance that speed up reactions in your body.
Not containing carbon. Inorganic compounds include minerals, waters & vitamins.
Portion of plant foods that isnt digested in the small intestine.
Carrying extra weight on your body in relation to your height.
Carrying an excessive amount of body fat above the level of being overweight.
Opinion of a group of experts based on a collection of information.
Stepwise process used by scientists to generate sound research findings.
An idea generated by scientists based on their observations.
Research jounal in which fellow scientists (peers) review studies to assess if they are accurate and sound before they are published.
Scientific experiment conducted in a labratory. Some labaratory experinments involve animals.
Research that involves looking at factors in two or more factors of subjects to see if there is a relationship to certain outcomes.
Research that looks at populations of people; it is often observational.
Research involving at least 2 groups of subjects.
group given a specific treatment.
group given a placebo.
sugar pill that has no impact on the individual's health when ingested.
Double blind placebo controlled study
When the scientists & subjects in a research experiment can't distinguish between the treatments given to the subjects & dk which group of subjects recieved the treatment.