COMMUNITY HEALTH TEST # 2

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i left out question 21, it was a multiple multiple, question 31 the answer was "unable to determine", 35 was a math type of question, ******* i only have 75 questions printed out!! so if you know that you had another question PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE add them to this so that i can study them too!!*****

accommodation

a Mexican American mother insists on using special candles to help he daughters ear infection. the nurse asks the mother if she would also give her daughter antibiotics. this is called cultural

cultural preservation

when nurses support the use of those aspects of the client's culture that promotes health behaviors, they are using:

competence

when nurses practices nursing care based on the uniqueness of the person's culture the practice is called cultural:

race

a persons skin color is an example of

culture

the way a person communicates with another is an example of

cultural brokering

when the nurse advocates and intervenes between the health care system and the clients cultural beliefs on behalf of the client, the nurses action is called

stereotyping

the nurse labels a patient an alcoholic because of the patient's ethnicity. this is called:

imposition

a client comes into the clinic and tells the nurse he goes to acupuncturists for pain. the nurse says he should take pain medication instead. this would be called cultural:

social organization

Hispanics tend to believe that the needs of the family take priority over those of the individual. this is an example of cultural variations of:

environmental control

Asians may perceive illness as disharmony with other forces and conclude that medicine is only able to relieve the symptoms rather than cure the disease. they may look to naturalistic solutions and acupuncture to resolve or cure health problems. this is an example of cultural variations of :

biology

Asian men tend to have a greater sensitivity than white Europeans to codeine and they experience significantly weaker effects of the drug. this is an example of cultural variations of :

toxicology

the basic science applied to understanding the health effects associated with chemical exposures is

mercury

the nurse working with maternity patients would tell the mothers-to -be to limit their fish consumption to once a week because it may contain

pesticides

which of the following is known to cause water and air pollution and is consumed through food products.

name the chemical and how it is used

a client comes to the local public health clinic complaining of red itchy rash that he attributes to a chemical he is using at work. that is the first thing the nurse should do?

motor vehicle

the greatest single source of air pollution in the U.S. is

Carbon Dioxide Poisoning

a client presents with muscle weakness and dizziness. During the assessment the nurse notices a bright red hue of the mucous membranes. the nurse should suspect which of the following:

secondary level of prevention

the public health nurse checks the blood vessels of all children entering the well child clinic. this strategy could be:

radon

a substance that seeps in homes through creaks in foundations, showers or inhale gaseous form and is associated with lung cancer is known as:

environmental justice

the term used to describe communities of minority populations and low income communities who see themselves as bearing as disproportionate burden of pollution is called:

clean water act

environmental law that sets basic structure for regulating pollutants to U.S. waters

greater sensitivity

children are generally at greater risk than adults from the effect of lead because children have a

early indications of lead poisioning

inappropriate classroom behavior, impaired hearing and speech, Fatigue and lethargy and irritability are characteristic of

populations

to understand the causes of health and disease, which of the following does epidemiology study?

determinants

factors, exposures, characteristics, and behaviors that determine patterns of disease are known as

cholera

John snow is called the father of epidemiology because of his work with

risk

the probability that an event will occur within a specified period of time is called:

epidemic

the rate of disease, injury, or other condition exceeds the usual level of that condition, it is called

web of causation

public health professionals when teaching a client with HTN includes diet, exercise, frequent monitoring of blood pressure, and assessment of social and environmental factors. the CHN is implementing what epidemiological model?

prevalence

a screening for diabetes revealed 20 previously diagnosed diabetics and 10 probable new cases, which were later confirmed, for a total of 30 cases. this is called

attack rate

the rate that best indicates the proportion of people exposed to an agent who develop the disease is

infant mortality

the rate used around the world as an indicator of overall heath and availability of health care services is:

natural Hx of disease

public health professionals refer to 3 levels of prevention as tied to specific stages of prepathogenesis and pathogenesis in the:

host

in the epidemiologic triangle, lifestyle factors such as diet would be considered an example of what kind of factor?

primary level of prevention

immunizations for measles is in example of

diet and exercise

an example of primary prevention

secondary level of prevention

screening for hearing defects is an example

tertiary level of prevention

vocational rehabilitation of a person with a neuromuscular disease is an example of

age

the most important predictor of overall mortality is

meningococcus and meningitis

has a direct causal relationship

paternal age and low birth rate

non-causal relationship

prolonged stress and HA

example: illustrates a psychological agent and the disease it's suspected to cause

descriptive epidemiology

looks at health outcomes in terms of what, who, where, and when

analytic epidemiology

an epidemiologist wanting to know what caused severe diarrhea and vomiting in several people at a local banquet would be using what?

cohort study

the type of epidemiologic study that is used to describe a group of persons who share some characteristic of interest and who are enrolled in a study and followed over a period of time to observe some health outcome

community trial

voters have recently decided to have fluoride added to the city water system. epidemiologists wanting to study the effect of fluoride on dental caries would be conducting a

true

T or F: sufficient preclinical period to allow treatment before symptoms occur is a criterion for screening programs

education

emphasizes the provider of knowledge and skills

cognitive theory

the nurse is instructing a woman who does not perform monthly BSE by focusing on changing the woman's thought patterns by providing information about BSE in a variety of ways. the nurse verbally teaches the client about the procedure and explains the reason for performing it. the nurse provides pamphlets on BSE, shows a video, demonstrates the procedure and provides an opportunity for return demonstration. which theory is this?

critical theory

the theory that approaches learning as an ongoing dialogue in which the educator focuses on changing an individual's health belief by asking questions

humanist theory

an educational program is planned that emphasizes self-expression and helping learners to grow and develop according to their natural inclination.

social learning theory

which learning theory postulates that behavior is a function of individual's expectations about the value of an outcome and self efficacy.

affective

the health educator trying to change a client's attitude about smoking would be using which of the following?

psychomotor

which of the following domains would be used to teach a new diabetic how to give insulin injection

gain learners attention

what step occurs first when starting an educational program

create the best learning environment

what is the basic principle to guide the effective educator

planning

the educational process of selecting appropriate educational methods is similar to which of the following steps of the nursing process

Goal

Mr. Williams will be able to independently care for his ostomy in 3 months is an example of a:

objective

Each member of the Jones' family will give insulin injection accuracy regarding dosage 100% of the time for 10 consecutive times

HP2010

overall goal is to increase the quality of years and healthy life

secondary level of prevention

providing tetanus immunizations after injury is considered which of the following levels of prevention

False

T or F: an example of pedagogy is when learners are motivated to learn by intrinsic motivators such as sense of satisfaction

true

T or F: due to large number of deaths and the overall costs related to cigarette smoking, the health care focuses changed from individual responsibility to community responsibility

lifestyle

four factors that determine the health of an individual include: human biology, environment, health care and _______

Dorthea Orem

nursing theorist recognized for her "self care: focus in relation to achieving and maintaining optimal health

Farmington heart study

the study that was successful in identifying factors contributing to high BP and coronary heart defect.

health risk appraisal

one advantage of the ___ __ ___ is that it provides support to nurses who are counseling and educating individuals in self care behaviors

illness prevention

a 5'6'' 25 year old female who weighs 120 lbs walks 5 miles a day because she has a long family Hx of early death from heart attacks and is refraining from a sedentary lifestyle. which of the following best describes this example?

Pawtucket Heart Health Program

study that showed a positive correlation between even moderate physical activity and reduced incidence of heart disease

Trichlorolethylene, water, infant

according to the epidemiologic triangle, in order for the disease process to occur three major concepts are needed. which of the following would be an example of what is needed?

previous experience with breast feeding

a nurse is teaching a post partum mother how to breast feed her infant. the nurse notes that the mother is alert adn agrees that breast feeding is important to her and benificial to her baby. the nurse outlines the expectations of breast feeding for the mother and the baby. considering the events of instruction, what should teh nurse ask her about?

behavioral theory

In planning learning experinces for a client who has cognitive limitations, which theory would be most appropriate?

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