Where is Macedonia in relation to Greece?
What empire was Macedonia initially a part of?
What did Philip of Macedon do?
359 bc: took the throne of Macedon
United the kingdom of Macedon to overthrow the Persians
Began the conquest of the Greece
By 338 he controlled Greece
Under Philip greek city states got to keep their own government
Assassinated before he could conquer Persia
What did he do to unite Macedonia
Built up an army
What weapon were the Macedonians famous for?
A pike which is an 18 foot long spear
Who took Philips place?
His son Alexander the Great. To show he now had control, he burnt Thebes to the ground
What did Alexander the Great do?
He was inspired by Achilles and his story in the Illiad by Homer.
His tutor was Aristotle
In 334 bc he crossed the Hellenspot and freed the Ionians from Persia
Then he moved to Egypt where he captured all of the Persian Capitals
He went as far East as India. He died of a fever in 323 bc in Babylon
What was the Gordian knot
Legend had it that anyone who could untie the knot could rule Asia. When Philip could not untie the know he cut it with his sword.
In what order did Alexander free city states from Persian Rule?
Ionian states, Gordium, Egypt, India
What city did he name in Egypt after he liberated Egypt?
What was the Hellenistic period?
The time when greek culture spread throughout the empire of Alexander the great. Hellenistic means having to do with Greek Culture.
What is cultural diffusion?
when culture spreads from one place to other places
What are examples of cultural diffiusion?
Greek games played in Egypt, In Asia people read the poems of HOmer, In the LIbrary of alexandria over half a million books from all over the world
Who was archimedes?
A Greek thinker, inventor and mathematician who invented the Archimedean screw to lift water for irrigation.