Psych 68 Randy Ludwig

19 terms by carlosisabel

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Final

antagonist

blocks receptor sites, reduces, inhibits, makes things less likely to fire,slows down,(eg. depressants, barbiturates, alcohol, valium) this is what GABA does, slows body processes down

Glutamate(excitatory)

works as an agonist;opens up sodium channels, more likely to fire

meth

blocks auto receptors, directly activates post synaptic receptors for dopamine, norepinephrine, 5HC, reduces MAO
activity

marijuana

mimics anandamide-NT,THC ingredient, lateral hypothalamus(ANS) (hunger&thirst), time distortions

Dopamine

NT most involved in addiction; acts at the nucleus accumbens
in the reward/reinforcement pathway, produces euphoria and repeat of drug use. helps control voluntary muscle movement

auto receptors

neurotransmitters bind to the receptor sites on the pre-synaptic neurons and are signaled to stop releasing

GABA

alcohol typically acts on NT- GABA receptor

blood alcohol poisoning threshold

.40 can cause death

cirrhosis

scarring of the liver due to heavy alcohol consumption

cancer of mouth

heavy drinking can lead to this type of cancer

Alcohol during pregnancy

lead to FAS, cause mental retardation #1 reason, result in birth defects

Frontal lobe of brain

alcohol shuts down this area of the brain

1830 alcohol consumption

7.1 gallon/ Today's consumption 1.8 gallons

Blackouts

you are not unconscious, loss of memory of events that occur
brown-outs remember certain thins

Cirrhosis of the liver

only about 10-20% of heavy drinkers develop this disease

moderate drinking

1-3 drinks a day is associated with reduced risk

Brown outs

grayouts

heavy drinkers

13 million in USA

cortisol

stress hormone, weight gain, increases with alcohol consumption

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